Page images
PDF
EPUB

GENERAL INDEX.

its gov.

A (à), PREP. & 142, (2).

comparison of themselves, S 70. Abbreviations, p. 281.

Syntax of, S 136. Place of, S 136; Accents, LESSON 2.

L. 34; L. 41. Observation on, Acheter, to buy, 49, (5);

$ 137.

Adverbs of negation, ernment, L. 50, 1.

$ 138. Adverbs of quantity fol. Accorder, s' to agree; said also of lowed by de, L. 18. watches, L. 92, 3.

A droite, to the right, L. 70, 6. Active verb, § 43, (2), (3.)

A gauche, to the left, L. 70, 6. Active Voice, used in French in A tieur de, even with, L. 80, 2.

cases where the passive is used in A force de, by dint of, L. 80, 2. English, L. 35, 2; L. 46, 3; $ 128, A l'égard de, with regard to, L. 80. 2 (5.); § 113, (1.)

A raison de, at the rate of, L. 80, 2 Adjectives, 14-1. Qualifying | Au dehors, outside, L. 80, 2.

adjectives, § 14-2. Degrees of Au dedans, inside, L. 80, 2. signification, § 14-2. Gender Au delà, beyond, L. 80, 2. and number of, g 15. Formation Age, avoir used for, L. 20, 6. of feminine of, 16, L. 13. Irregu- | A la campagne, in the country, lar adjectives, $ 16, (8.) Adjectives L. 34, 8. having no feminine, § 16, (9.) A la chasse, hunting, L. 34, 8. Plural of, § 17, L. 14. Agree- | A la pêche, fishing, L. 34, 8. ment of adjectives with nouns, A l'anglaise, à la française, after the § 18; S 83; L. 13, L. 14. Relat English, French fashions, L. 69, 3. ing to several nouns, $ 18, (3); A l'école, at school; à l'église, at L. 14, 1, 2. Determining adjec church, L. 25, 6. tives, $ 19. Demonstrative, L. 9; A l'endroit, right side out; à l'eo, § 20; § 93. Possessive, L. 9; vers, wrong side out, L. 69, 1. § 21; § 94; Remarks on, $ 95. A l'insu, unknown to, L. 82. Agree with object possessed, $ 21, | Alphabet, L. 1. (2); L. 9, 3. Numeral adjectives, Aller, to go, used for proximate fu' $ 22, L. 19; place of, § 96. Car ture, L. 26, 1. Aller trouver, to dinal adjectives, $ 22, (1), (2), (4); go to, L. 26, 3.

S'en aller, to go Variations of, § 23; Observation away, L. 40; 1, 2; L. 47, 1. on, $ 24. Ordinal numbers, $ 23, Aller, to fit, to sit, L. 47, 2. Aller (3), (5). Observation on, $ 25. à pied, à cheval, en voiture, to Indefinite adjectives, 30; & 97. walk, ride, go in a carriage, L. 62, Verbal adjectives, syntax of, $ 65. Examples. Remarks on fer, nu, &c., § 84. Amis (un de mes), a friend of mine, Adjectives used adverbially, $ 67, L. 67, 3. (3); § 84, (5). Place of adjec- Amuser, (s', to take pleasure in, etc., tives, L. 15; $ 85; $ 86. Adjec L. 38, 6. tives preceding noun, § 85, (11). Analogy between many French and Adjectives differing in meaning English words, § 147. before and after, § 86. Regi- Answers in French should be exmen or government of, § 87; plicit, L. 24, 12. § 88; $ 89; § 92; L. 79. Ad- Apporter, amener, to bring, carry, jectives requiring a different pre L. 44, 6. position in French and English, Approcher, (s’) to draw near, L.

$ 90. Adverbs, & 67. Formed from adjec- Articles, § 13; L. 4, 1, 2. Elision

tives, § 68. Degrees of significa of, L. 4. 2; § 13, (7); § 146. tion, 69. Adverbs forming a Contraction of, 13, (8); L. 5, 1;

39, 6.

L. 25, 6. English article a or Cardinal numbers, § 22, (2); $ 24.
an, § 14, (9). Recapitulation of Variations of, § 23. Use of, after
articles, § 13. Syntax of, § 77. names of sovereigns, L. 30, 3;
Use of, $ 77, (1), (2), (3), etc. Be $ 26, (3). For the day of the
fore words used in partitive sense, month, $ 26, (1).
$ 78, (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7); Cases, $ 2.
$ 13, (10); L. 6, 1; L. 7, 5; L 8, Ce, demons. prn. & 37, (6); § 108;
4; L. 12, 3; L. 29, 8. Article $ 116; L. 81.

Used for he, she,
used before words in general sens, before étre, L. 82, 1. C'est moi,
and abstract nouns, $ 77, (1), (2); L. 81, l.
L. 8, 2, 3; L. 23, 11; L. 29 and demons. adj, 820, (1); L. 10, 1, 2.
30. Article omitted before num-Cedilla, L. 3, 6.
ber of a sovereign, L. 30, 3. Ce que, what, L. 31, 4.
Article le used before parts of the Celui qui, he who, L. 81, 4.
body, L. 63, 5. Use of article in- Chacun, each one, $ 41, (2).
stead of possessive adjective, Chaque, each, $ 30, (4).
§ 77, (9); L. 37, 1; L. 63, 5; | Changer d'habit, to change one's coat;
L. 66, 3. Repetition of, § 80. changer de maison, to move, L. 58,
Remarks on the use of, § 81. 1. Changer, to exchange, L. 58, 2.
Idions in which the article is Chez, prep. at the house of, § 142,
omitted, § 82.

(3); L. 24, 9.
Aspirate H, L. 3, p. 25. H not Collective nouns, S 3, (5), (6). Num-

aspirate in héroïne, etc., L. 3, ber of verbs after collective nouns,
p. 25, note.

L. 85.
Asseoir, (s',) to sit down, L. 36, 4. Collocation of words, S 144.
Assez, enough, its place, L. 34, 3. Combien de temps, how long ; com-
Aujourd'hui, to-day, its place, L. bien de fois ? how often ? L. 44, 1.
41, 5.

Combien y a-t-il ? how far ? how
Au lieu de, instead of, L. 35, 4.

long since ? L. 57, 4.
Au revoir, till I see you again, L. | Comparison of adjectives and ad-
89, 4.

verbs, L. 16; L. 17.
Auxiliary verbs, $ 43, (8); L. 43, Composing French, plan of exercises

$ 46. Use of, § 46. Paradigms for, p. 103; list of words for, p. 271.
of, § 47.

Compound nouns, § 3, (7). § 9; L.
Avancer, to gain, said of clocks, etc., 59. Gender of, § 5, (15).
L. 92, 1.

Conditional mode, § 45, 2d, (3).
Avant, before, prep. S 142, (1). Use of, § 125. Formation and
Avoir, to have, used idiomatically termination of, L. 62, 1, 2. Irre-

with quelque chose, chaud, froid, gularities of, L. 62, 4. Not used
etc., L. 8, 1. With coutume, besoin, after si, if, L. 62, 6; $ 125.
etc., L. 21, 4. Used for the day Conjugation of verbs. First conju-
of the month, L. 19, 6; for age, gation, paradigm, § 48. Peculiari-
L. 20, 6. Avoir lieu, to take place, ties of some verbs, 8 49. Second
L. 35, 3. Avoir mal, to have a conjugation, paradigm, 50.
pain, etc., L 66, 1. Avoir des dou Third conjugation, paradigm, $
leurs, L. 66, 2. A voir, to hold, 51. Peculiarities of verbs of
L. 66, 3. Avoir chaud aux mains, third conjugation, § 49; § 5%
L. 66, 3. Avoir beau, to be in vain, Fourth conjugation, paradigm,
L. 67, 1. Avoir, used for dimen 53. Passive verbs, paradigm, $ 54.
sion, size, L. 68, 1. Avoir, nega Rule, $ 55. Reflective verbs, para-
tively, $ 47, (2). Interrogatively, digm, § 56. Negative form of,
§ 47, (3). Interrogatively and $ 57. Interrogative form, S 58.
negatively, $ 47, (4).

Interrogative and negative form,

§ 59. Unipersonal verbs, para.
BEAU, bel, handsome, fine, L. 13, 6. digm, S 61, 2. Terminations of

regular verbs, § 60. Table of
CAPITALS, use of, § 145.

irregular verbs, $ 62.

87, 6.

[ocr errors]

Connaître, to be acquainted with L., Emporter, Emmener, to take away,

30, 6. Connaître quelqu'un à la L. 44, 6.
voix, to know some one by the voice, En, pronoun, $ 39, (17); $ 95, (5);
L. 87, 4. Connaître de vue, to $ 110; $ 103, (1); 8 104; L.
know by sight, etc., L. 87, 5. Se 15, 7; L. 22, 3. Before a past
connaître à, to be a judge of, L. participle, 135, (7); L. 42, 11,

12. Üsed instead of possessive
Conjunctions, § 73. Lists of, $ 73, adjective, S 95, (5); L. 96, 1, 2.

(2). Syntax of, $ 143. Govern. En, prep. § 142, (2); L. 34, 5, 6, 7.
ment of, § 127; § 143. Requir. Encore, more, etc., L. 17, 3.
ing subjunctive, Š 143, (2); infin. Endormir (s"), to fall asleep, L. 39, 5.
itive, Š 143, (1); conditional or Ennuyer, to weary, L. 38, 4. S'en-
indicative, $ 143, (3); si, if, $ 125, nuyer, to become weary, L. 38, 5.
(3); L. 62, 6. Examples of con Entendre parler, to hear about, of, L.
junctions, L. 100.

35, 7.
Consonants, L. 3.

Entendre, to understand, L. 96, 3.
Convenir, to be becoming, L 49, 2. Se faire entendre, to make one's
Coucher (se), to retire, to go to bed, L. self understood, L. 96, 4. Followed
37, 5.

by another verb, L. 97, 4.

Envoyer chercher, to send for, L.
DANS, prep. in, $ 142, (2).

26, 5.
Davantage, more, L. 16, note. Épouser, to marry, said only of par-
Day of month, week, not preceded ties, L. 67, 2.
by preposition, L. 26, 10.

Essayer, to try on, L. 47, 4.
Degrees of comparison of adjectives, Est-ce que, pretixed to the verb, &
L. 16; L. 17.

98; L. 25.
Demain, to-morrow, its place, L. 41,5. Être, conjugation of, $ 47, (5).
Demander, to ask, its government, Number of être after ce, § 116.
L. 50, 1.

Used for aller, to go, L. 43, 5. For
Démettre (se), le bras, etc., to dislo to belong, L. 47, 5; L. 91, 2. Etre

cate one's arm, etc., L. 93, 1. To riche de, to be worth, L. 49, 5.
resign a place, L. 93, 2.

Etre en retard, to be late, and
Demonstrative adjective, S 20. See other idioms with être, L. 91, 1.
Adjective.

Y être, to be at home, in, L. 91, 3.
Demonstrative pronoun, S 36. See Euphonic t, L. 4, 6.
Pronoun.

Éveiller (s'), to awake. L. 39, 5.
Dépêcher (se), to make haste, L. 40, 7. Every day, tous les jours, L. 26, 8.
Devant, prep. before, $ 142, (1). Exercises in composing French,
Devenir, to become, L. 85, 5.
Devoir, to owe, expressing future,
obligation, L. 35, 5.

FÂCHER (se), to be or become angry,
Dimension, etc., L. 68.

L. 40, 4.
Diphthongs, sounds of, L. 2, p. 19. Faire, before another verb, to cause,
Dont, prn. of whom, of which, L. to have, L. 32, 3, 4; L. 97, 4.
31, 8.

Faire faire, to have made, L. 32, 4;

L. 63, 1. Faire raccommoder, to
ELISION, $ 146. Of article, L. 4, 2; have mended. Faire la cuisine,

$ 13, (7). Of pronoun je, L. 4, 5. faire cuire, to cook. Faire bouillir,
Of preposition de, L. 6, 3. Of ne, to boil, L. 63, 1. Faire peur, to
L. 7, 3. Of pronouns le, la, L. frighten ; faire attention, to pay
9, 2.

attention; faire tort, to injure;
Éloigner (s”), o go from, to leave, L. faire du mal, to hurt, L. 63, 3.
39, 6.

used unipersonally, in speak.
Emparer, (s'), to seize, to lay hold of, ing of the weather, L, 33, 5.
L. 93, 3.

Falloir, to be necessary, L. 48.
Empêcher, (s"), to help, to prevent Feminine terminations, $ 6, (2), (3).
one's self, L. 93, 4.

Feu, adj., late, S 84, (1).

P. 270.

Future absolute, $ 45, (2). Use of, Irregular verbs, L. 24. Table of, $ 62.

$ 124. Formation of, Š 61 ; L. 60, It, coming before verb to be followed
1, 2, 3. Irregularities of, L. 61, by I, etc. L. 81. It used abso.
1, 2, 3, 4. Future anterior, $ 45, lutely before verb to be, L. 81, 1.
(2), 8. Use of, § 124. Forma-
tion of, L. 60, 4. Future used in | JUSQU'OÙ, how far ? L. 44, 3.
French where the present is used Jusqu'à, until, as far as, L. 44, 4o
in English, L. 61, 5.

LAISSER, to leave, to neglect, to forget
GENDER, § 4. By the meaning, $ 5. to bring, L. 86, 4. Followed by
By the termination, $ 6.

another verb, L. 97, 4.
Gêner, to incommode, trouble, etc., L. La plupart, most. Number of verb

83, 5. Se gêner, to constrain or after, L. 85, 3.
trouble one's self, L. 83, 5.

Le, meaning so, it, etc., L. 46, 4, 5.
Gens, people, L. 95, 2, 3, 4.

Le mien, mine, etc., L. 9, 6; L. 12, 6.
Government. See Regimen. Lequel, etc., which, L. 18, 6; L. 31, 7.
Gré, will. Bon gré, mal gré, etc. Lever, (se), to rise, L. 37, 6.
L. 88, 5.

L'un, l'autre, one another, $ 41, (10).
Guère (ne), but little, L. 17, 5.

L'un et l'autre, both, $ 41, (11): L.

19, 3.
HÂTER (se), to hasten, L. 40, 7.
Hier, yesterday, its place, L. 41, 5. MADAME, Mademoiselle, used before
Hour of the day, L. 20; L. 92. names of kindred, L. 24, note.

Before titles, L. 29, 6. Plural of,
IMPERATIVE mode, $ 45, 3d, (4). Use L. 29, 7.

of, § 126. Terminations of, L. | Mal, sore, pain, etc., L. 66. Mal de
70, 1. Irregularities, L. 70, 3, 4. dents, toothache, mal de tête,
Two imperatives coming together, headache, L. 66.
$ 100, (6). Imperative followed Marcher, to walk, L. 36, 6.
by a verb, L. 71, 1.

Marier, to marry, to perform the
Imperfect of indicative, § 45, (2), 2d. ceremony, L. 67, 2. Se marier, to

Use of, § 119; L. 53. Formation get married, L. 67, 2. Être marié,
and terminations, L. 53. Irregu to be married, L. 67,2. See Épouser.
larities, L. 54.

Measure, weight, price by, L. 68, 3.
Imperfect of subjunctive, § 45, (5), Même, same, even, etc., § 30, (5);

Use of, L. 75. Terminations $ 97, (2).
of, L. 75, 1, 2, 3. Formation of, Mener, porter, to take, to carry, L.

L. 75, 4. Irregularities, L. 75, 5. 44, 6.
Importer, n'importe, no matter ; | Mettre, to put on, L. 32, 1. Mettre

qu'importe ? what matters it? L. le couvert, to lay the cloth, L. 32, 1.
94, 1, 2.

Mettre à même, to enable; mettre
In, dans, en, à, L. 34, 5, 6.

pied à terre, to alight; mettre à
Indicative mode, $ 45, 1st, (2.) la porte, to turn out of doors ; met-
Indicative present, $ 45, (2), 1. Use tre au fait, to acquaint, etc., L.
of, § 118. Terminations, L. 23, 5.

69, 1.

Se mettre, to dress one's
Infinitive mode, $ 45, 5th, (6). Use self, to sit down, L. 69, 2.

of, § 128. Important rules, § 128, Mettre à l'heure, to set a watch, L.
(4), (5). Verb preceded by an-

other, put in infinitive, L. 21, 2. Midi, minuit, noon, midnight, L. 20, 2.
In order to, pour, L. 28, 8.

Modes, 8 45. Indicative, $ 45, 1st,
Inquiéter (s'), to be uneasy, L. 93, 5. (2). Conditional, $ 45, 2d, (3).
Interjections, $ 74.

Imperative, § 45, 3d, (4). Sub-
Interrogative form of verbs, L. 23, junctive, § 45, 4th, (5). Infinitive,
9; L. 25, 1; $ 98, (5), (6).

$ 45, 5th, (6). Participle, $ 45,
Interrogative sentences, form of, L. 6th, (7).

6, 4; 8 76, (4), (5); L. 25, 1; L. Moi, toi, etc., used instead of nomi-
56, 1.

native pronouns, L. 17, 6.

2.

92, 2.

32, 2.

Mon, ma, poss. adj., agree with ob- | Nouveau, nouvel, new, L. 13, 6.
ject possessed, L. 9, 3, 4.

Nu, bare, adj. $ 84, (2).
Monde, world, people, L. 95, 1. Tout Nul, no, § 30, (7).

le monde, every body, L. 96. Nulle part, no where, L 25, 8.
Monsieur, used before names of kin- Number, § 1, (5). See Different

dred, L 24, note. Before titles, Parts of Speech.

L. 29, 6. Plural of, L 29, 7. Number. See Numeral Adjectives.
Month, day of, L. 19, 6; L. 26, 10. Ordinal adverbs of number, S 29.
Must, falloir, etc., L. 48; $ 62. Numeral collective nouns, g 27.

Numerals, fractions, $ 28.
NAÎTRE, to be born, Je suis né, I was On, one, people, they, $ 41, (4), (5)

born, L. 43, note.
Nasal sounds, p. 21.

$ 113; L. 35, 1, 2.
Ne, negative, $ 138. Place of

, L. 7, Onze, eleven, ete, article uot elided
i. Ne-que, only, L. 19, 2. Ne, Ordinal numbers, $ 22, (3), (5). Not

before, L. 19, 7.
idiomatic, g 127, 3; $ 138, (4),

used after names of sovereigns or
(5); L. 72, 9. Ne-plus, no
more, L. 17, 4. Ne-guère, L.

for days of the month, L. 30, 3;

§ 26, (1), (3).
17, 5.

Öter, to take of, to take away, L.
Ni, neither, nor, L. 7, 4. Article

used or not after ni, L. 8, 3, 4.
Ni l'un, ni l'autre, neither, L. 84, 1, 5. Ou, or, agreement of verb with nouns

connected by, L. 84, 2, 3.
N'importe, no matter, L. 94, 1.

Oui, yes, Je dis que oui, I say yes, L.
Negative sentence, L. 7.

82, 3.
Negative, second, suppressed after
certain verbs, § 138, (2).

PARADIGMS of auxiliary verbs, § 47.
N'est-ce pas ? Is it not? L. 94, 3. For others, see Conjugations.
Neuter verbs, § 43, (5). Their aux Par où ? which way? L. 44, 5.
iliary, L. 43; § 46.

Participle, past, $ 45, 6th, (7).
Nominative. See Subject.

Without an auxiliary, S 66, (3);
Non, no, Je dis que non, I say no, L. 42, 10; L. 98, 1. Accom-
L. 82, 3.

panied by étre, § 134, (2); L. 42,
Notre, votre, our, your, etc., L. 9, 5. 6; L. 98, 3. In reflective verbs,
Le nôtre, ours, L. 9, 6.

$ 135, (1), (2); L. 45, 2; L. 98,
Noun, $ 3. Proper, $ 3,(3). Common, 6; L. 99, 4. In neuter verbs,

§ 3, (4). Collective, § 3, (5), (6), L. 98, 3. Accompanied by avoir,
Compound, & 3, (7). Taken in a $ 134, (3); L. 42, 5; L. 98, 4.
partitive sense, g 13, (10); $ 78, Never agrees with indirect regi.
(1), (2); L. 6, 1; L. 29, 8. Taken men, L. 42, 9. Neuter verbs with
in a general sense, $ 77, (1), (2); avoir, § 135, (6); L. 99, 2. Of
L. 8, 2. Gender by the meaning, unipersonal verbs, L. 45, 6; L.
§ 5. By the termination, § 6. 99, 3. Never agrees with en, $ 135,
Plural of, § 8; L. 11. Plural of (7); L. 42, 11, 12; L. 99, 8. Fol.
compound, § 9: L. 59. Syntax lowed by an infinitive, $ 135, (3);
of, § 76. Place of subject in L. 98, 7; L. 99, 5. Of passive
affirmative and negative sentences, verbs, L 46; L. 98, 2. Fait always
$ 76, (1), (2). In interjected sen invariable before an infinitive, L.
tences, $ 76, (3). In interrogative 63, 2; L. 99, 7. After le peu,
sentences, $ 76, (4), (5); L. 6, 4; $ 135, (8).
L. 56, 1. Place of regimen, $ 76,

present § 64; L. 97.
(6), (7), (8), (9); L. 56, 2, 3. Re- | Partitive sense, nouns taken in, L. 6,
spective places of possessor and 1; $ 13,(10); $ 78, (1), (2); L. 29,8.
object possessed, $ 76, (10); L. 5, Pas, point, not, difference, § 138, (1).
3. Of object and its substance, Place of, L. 7, 1, 2. Omitted when
$ 76, (11); L. 5, 4; L. 59, 6. Of a second negative occurs, § 138,
object and its use, $ 76, (12), (13), (3); L. 7, 4. Omitted after cer-
(14); L. 59, 7.

tain verbs, $ 138, (2).

« PreviousContinue »