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hund, hundreds }hundred
ENGLISH. GERMAN. vijftig fíi-tig
funfzig zestig six-tig
sechzig zeventig hund-seofon-tig seventy
siebzig tachtig (1)
hund-eahtatig eighty achtzig negentig hund-nigontig ninety
hundred hundert Zhund-teontig
hund-twelftig 120 duizend þúsend
thousand tausend. A'n, like all other pronouns, follows indef. Decl. I., sometimes making accus. masc. anne; thus too nán
Used definitely, ane, ána, áne, and standing after its noun, &c., it means alone. Twá (?) and þreo
. are thus declined:
N.& A. twá (tú) twegen (3) twá þreo þrý þreo
twegra (twega) þreora.
Bá, begen, bá both, follows twá; prefixed to twá it forms bátwa (bú-tú) (4) which is indeclinable. The numbers feower to twelf inclusive, when used absolutely, have a nom. in -e, &c,; as, ealle seofone all seven ; án of þám twelfum one of the twelve ; án
(") The to is probably a remnant of the prefix hond. retained before the vowel. (2) S. twa. G. zwei, zwo.
(3) Twain. G. zween. (*) Hence both, G. beide ; comp. Italian ambe-due.
bissa fífa one of these five. Those above eahta usually govern a genitive. Twentig and the others in -tig make abl. and dat. -tigum, gen. -tigra. Hund prefixed to the tens after sixtig (answering to -Kovt-a, L. -gint-a) is sometimes dropt when hund hundred goes before; as, scipa án hund and eahtatig, of ships one hundred and eighty. Hund (hundred) follows II. l; hundred and búsend, III. 1.
Units are placed before tens, as, six and fíftig, six and fifty. In numbers above a hundred, the smaller stands last, and the noun is repeated; as, Hundteontig wintra and seofon and feowertig wintra, a hundred winters and seven and forty winters. (*)
Wintre affixed to numbers forms adjectives denoting age; as, fram twl-wintrum cilde, from the child of
þæt forme, se forma, seó forme first þæt, se, seó óđer
second þæt þry-dde, se þry-dda, seó þry-dde (6) third feor-þe, -ba, -be
four-th fíf-te, -ta, -te
sixth seofo-þe, -þa, -þe
(5) The northern nations reckoned time by winters.
Units combined with ordinal tens stand first when cardinals, last when ordinals; as, án and pryttigođe one and thirtieth; þý twentigođan dæge and þý feorđan dæge Septembris, on the twenty and fourth day of September.
Healf half placed after an ordinal number (like G. halb) reduces it by half; as, óđer-healf (lit. secondhalf) one and a half, (G. andert-halb); þridde-healf (lit. third-half) two and a half (G. dritte-halb).(1) A'n, twá, þreo, form an-e once, twi-wa (tu-wa) twice, þry.wa thrice; with the other cardinals, and all the ordinals, siđ a time is used in the ablative for the same purpose; as, feower, fíf, &c. síđ um or síđon four, five, &c. times; (þý) forman, óđre, pryddan, &c. síđe the first, second, third, g c. time.
1.-Verbs. Conjugation. There are two Orders of Verbs, as of Nouns; viz. the Simple and the Complex ; (2) the former containing pure or open Verbs answering to the Greek in -aelv, -EELV, and -OELV,
and to the Latin in -are, -ēre, and -ire; the latter impure or close Verbs, answering to the Greek regulars, and to the Latin in -ěre, &c.(3) The Simple Order forms its imperfect by adding -ode (-ede), -de, or -te to the root; the participle past by adding -od (-ed), -d, or -t: in the Complex the imperfect becomes monosyllabic and changes its vowel; the participle past ends in -en.() The former is divided into three Classes forming one Conjugation; the latter into two Conjugations of three Classes each.
(") Comp. ñ ulov-tpiros, L. sesqui-alter, -tertius.
(4) E. and G. verbs in general follow the A.S., though complex forms bave in each not seldom become simple.
II.-Comparative View of the Chief Tenses.
SIMPLE ORDER, OR CONJUGATION I. Examples-luf-ian to love, G. lieb-en; hýr-an to hear, G. hör-en; tell-an to tell, reckon, G. zähl-en.
BG, ich liebe
Imperfect. ic luf-ige
- luf-ode (ge-)luf-od Class I. I love
hýr-de (ge-)hýr-ed Class II. hear
hear-d hear-d G. hör-e
teal-de (ge-)teal-d Class III tell
told tol-d LG. zähl-e
zähl-te ge-zähl-t. COMPLEX ORDER.CONJUGATION II.
Examples-brec-an to break, G. brech-en; heald-an to hold, G. halt-en; drag-an to draw, drag, G. trag-en.