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Original Anecdotes of the Buonapartes.

[VOL. 4 the well-known melo-dramas of Ru- powerful descriptions, his charms of gantino (1805) founded on his own composition, and his agitating situaBravo of Venice from the German, and tions, have a wonderful hold upon the Timour the Tartar with the real hors- mind, which cannot resist their effects. es; Rich and Poor, a very affecting Undoubtedly he was more likely to piece, and a mono-drama, which we re- corrupt the stage, than to enrich it with member being performed once, in 1803, dramas, within the licence which our in which Mrs. Litchfield filled the cha- freedom in that respect admits. But racter of a Maniac, deliriously repeat- his muse knew no bounds. His tales ing the author's horrible imaginings are excellent of their kind, admiwith so much force as to throw not a rably written, and generally replete few of the audience, whose nerves were with pathos. Of the same nature are not proof against the dreadful truth of many of his minor poems. Alonzo the language and scene, into hysterics, the Brave, Bonny Jane,&c. are exquisiteand this piece was never again offered ly wrought: and it should be noticed, to the public. But the genius of Lew- that as he was aware of the ridicule is was not exhausted by the numerous that might be attached to that class of productions we have mentioned. In poems to which the first of these be1801 he published two volumes of Po- longs, and which he may be said to ems, under the title of Tales of Won- have introduced, he at once blunted der; these merit their title, and abound the shafts of ridicule by anticipating pawith sufficient of the marvellous, which rody, and evinced his own versatile talseemed to be a favourite theme with eat by writing the humourous imitahim. They also possess great beauty. tion" Giles Jollup the Grave.' The Bravo of Venice was published in On the death of his father, Mr. Lewis 1804, and Feudal Tyrants, a romance succeeded to a handsome patrimony, in 4 vols. in 1806. Besides these, he part of which consisted in West India has published Tales of Terror, 3 vols. property. He resided in the Albany Romantic Tales, 4 vols. and a collec- when in London, and lived in a rather tion of Poems in one volume. retired manner. But the latter years of

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The prominent tone of all these his life were principally passed in travworks is the horrible-their prevailing elling. He had visited the Continent, character the supernatural. With a and twice made the voyage to the West fine and strong imagination, Mr. Lew- Indies, in returning from whence he is addicted himself to the demonology died on shipboard about 2 months ago. of belles lettres, if we may bestow that In person Mr. Lewis was small and appellation upon the darkest German well-formed; his countenance was exfictions, and the wildest conceptions of pressive; his manners gentlemanly; romance. But for the revolting excess and his conversation agreeable. He to which he was so apt to carry his fa- has left, we are informed, one daughvourite theme, he must have been infi- ter; and unfortunately was never marnitely popular, since even in spite of ried.

this blemish, his animated pictures, his


From the London Literary Gazette, July, 1818.


T was thought at one time that Na- for the prisoner at Valençai (Ferdinand poleon himself intended to marry Her father, however, still resohis niece, the eldest daughter of Lu- lutely opposed these nuptials, and thus cien; but the Austrian match put an wrote to his ambitious brother :— end to this speculation. The young No, I will never consent to sacrilady however appeared at the Tuileries, fice my children to your policy. God was received with due honour as an knows your designs upon Ferdinand, Imperial relative, and again destined but I myself know that you have al

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VOL. 4.]

Original Anecdotes of the Buonapartes.


ready done too much against this un- pose Lucien on Napoleon's first accesfortunate Prince to admit of my ever sion to power. So unexpected a change calling him my son-in-law." Grand Duke of Wurtzburg was next proposed, but the young lady refused this alliance, and her father wrote peremptorily insisting on her return :


Send her to me (said he) or, braving my proscription and your orders, I will seek her in the very saloons of the Tuileries." The furious Emperor or dered her to be dismissed from Paris in 24 hours.

The rupture between Lucien and his brother was never marked by such mutually excessive enmity as at this period.


The could only be accounted for, by the the fact of Fouché's knowing that he had no real support with the emperor since Josephine's divorce. The minister looked every where for a counterpoise to balance the power of Napoleon, which he began to find insupportable, since it weighed so heavily on himself and the revolutionists. He had just been appointed to govern the two Roman provinces instead of Miollis and got as far as Florence on his way, when fresh orders induced him to retrograde. Although Fouché's nomination Neither Madame Letitia or the was not revoked, the above orders, rest of the family, dared now attempt added to the former governor continuto pronounce the former's name in Na- ing to exercise his functions, rendered poleon's hearing, while the senator him- it perfectly useless to him. This postself expected every species of violence ponement was a great disappointment from the emperor's anger. In one of to Lucien, it having been settled that those epistles which were exchanged his furniture, horses, equipages, and during this state of exasperation, Lucien servants, should be transferred to the told the usurper, I am aware that your Ex-minister of Police: there was also fury is capable of making you commit another motive, which made Lucien fratricide- This was something wish to see Fouché, and secretly conlike an invitation: Lucien was not- verse with him: he was particularly withstanding supplied with the pass- anxious to have several mysteries exports he had previously demanded for plained, which his remoteness from the United States; these were address- Paris had concealed from him, but beed to him from the Minister of the In- ing once discovered, must have been of terior, by order. At the very moment the greatest use in directing his future of receiving them, the senator prepared movements. for his departure with all possible dispatch; statues, pictures, and effects, were immediately packed up, and sent off to Civita Vecchia with the utmost haste.

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Foiled in his wishes with respect to Fouché, Lucien now only thought of embarking: there was, however, but one ship at Civita Vecchia fit to make a long voyage: this was accordingly It was towards this period that hired: but it was soon after discovered Fouché was removed from the ministry that she would not hold all the luggage, of police. Although we do not pre- or afford the accommodation which "so tend to know all the circumstances large a family as that of the senator rewhich led to this disgrace, we have quired. In this dilemma, Lucien, who particular reasons for asserting, that one had long broken off all communication of the principal causes arose from the with Murat, and having something to minister's pertinaciously maintaining, demand, a few months before wrote to that it was of the greatest consequence his sister Caroline, in a style of the to the existence of Napoleon's dynasty, that every member of his family should be closely united.

Fouché seemed on this occasion as anxious to ingratiate himself with the senator, by promoting a reconciliation between the brothers, as he was to op

greatest coldness, now addressed himself directly to the king of Naples, begging that the latter would let him have one of the American ships in that port, and which had been lately sequestered pursuant to the direction of Napoleon to his vassal of Naples. To this short


Original Anecdotes of the Buonapartes.

[VOL. 4

communication, Joachim returned a vanced him considerable sums; as by

this arrangement he hoped the gallery would escape the rapacity of Napoleon.

very obliging and friendly answer, in which he complained of the emperor himself in the bitterest terms, who, he To give some idea of their value, it observed in one part of his letter, adopt- will be sufficient to state, that when the ed a most perfidious policy with re- first notion of going to America occurgard to him, forcing him to undertake red to Lucien, his brother Louis offerruinous armaments under the pretext of ed one million five hundred thousand conquering Sicily, while he was certain francs for all the pictures, and a few the emperor bad promised not to dis- statues of the former, there were possess the family that reigned in that about a hundred and twenty. In the island in fact he regretted that it was event of this offer's being acceptnot in his own power also to escape ed, these fine specimens were intended from tyranny, as the persecuted brother for a gallery, which the above named was. In other respects, Murat fully personage was desirous of forming in acceded to the wishes of Lucien : and Holland. Since the period alluded to, the Hercules, a fine American ship, the collection had been augmented by was restored to her captain, on the sole a regular set of the most classical encondition, that he should receive the gravings extant, together with some of family and effects of the senator. The the best pictures in the Ricardi collecking even ordered forty-four thousand tion: these were bought during Lufrancs to be advanced for the purpose cien's last visit to Florence." of hastening her repairs, and a Neapolitan ship of war was sent to escort her to Civita Vecchia.

This piece of service cost Murat very dearly, for the emperor heard of the confidential letter, owing perhaps to Lucien's having in a moment of exultation spoken rather too freely of it: this gave rise to the greatest indignation on the part of Napoleon, who calied it a crime in Joachim to have thus assisted a departure, which, notwithstanding the passport signed by himself, was designated as a flight. The only terms on which the King of Naples could obtain pardon for this offence, was, by paying ten millions of francs to his inexorable brother-in-law. Such at least is the positive assertion of Madame Murat.

The only difficulty now in the way of emigration, was a safe passport from the English; but this was not to be obtained.

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At length the family took leave of Tusculum on the first of August 1810, a place in which so many days of tranquillity and happiness had passed; nor could any of the party flatter themselves with the hopes of ever seeing it again, so remote were their expectations of returning to Europe. Arriving at Civita Vecchia, in the midst of apprehensions that some new cause of detention might arise, Lucien lost no time in embarking his family. Taking advantage of a fair wind that sprung up, the Hercules weighed anchor on the fifth. Lucien's suite was very numerous: his family consisted of two daughters by the first marriage, Charlotte, whose name has already often appeared in these Memoirs, and Amelia, three years younger than her sister. Charles, born in 1803, before the marriage: this was a very interesting child, capable of great application to his studies, and remarkably intelligent.

From this unexpected refusal the Letitia, born at Milan, senator began to entertain serious alarm and so called after her grandmother; at the idea of being stopped on his voy- a second daughter, named Jane, whom age; but considering the danger to be Pius VII. had held over the baptismal greatest on his brother's side, he deter- font at Rome, giving her the name of mined to persevere in the voyage, his own mother; finally, Paul, who Anxious to prevent his fine collection was born at Canino.

of pictures from being seized by his In addition to the above, Lucien brother, it was decided that the whole had identified Mademoiselle Anna should be deposited in the hands of Jouberteau, his wife's daughter, with some bankers at Rome, who had ad- his own family. This young lady was

VOL. 4.]

Original Anecdotes of the Buonapartes,


about twelve years of age, and always brother, now saw himself the victim to treated with the same affection as the his own work: and his last adieu to rest of his children. Italy was little less than a malediction on the head of his persecutors. Lucien tried in vain to obtain permission to land at Cagliari. The

The persons attached to his household, and who embarked with the family, were composed of a physician; a tutor for his children, father Maurice, a Queen of Sardinia could not convepriest, who also officiated as chaplain; niently admit "the brother of a sovea secretary, in the person of M. Cha- reign so insatiable of power and contillon, already known to the reader, and quests"-and it was notified to him, who had remained with his patron that the British vessels had orders to since his being minister of the in- arrest him if they fell in with his ship. terior; a nephew of his first wife, In point of fact he was soon taken, and educated with Jerome, who enjoyed the choice offered him, to be transportthe unlimited confidence of Lucien, ed to Malta or to England. Lucien merited no less by the excellence of his decided for the former, where he was character, than a sincere attachment to landed on the 24th of August, and his uncle, who intrusted him with the placed with his family in Fort Ricaso most secret affairs of his family. If li; at which he was very indignant. thirty servants are added to the forego- Thence he was transferred to San Aning list, a tolerably accurate notion tonio, a country residence of the anmay be formed of Lucien's establish- cient Grand Master's, but accompanied ment, which was really that of a prince. by a guard, and other precautionary When clear out of Civita Vecchia measures. In November, the decision harbour, the Hercules hove too, for the of the British Cabinet being received, purpose of receiving the family, which Lucien sailed for England to be conhad remained on shore to the last mo- sidered as a prisoner of war on parole, ment; and there happening to be a and on the 28th of December cast anconsiderable swell, the boats had great chor at Plymouth. Thence he went difficulty in getting along-side: there to Ludlow, our government paying all was even an appearance of danger to his expenses, and settled, as our readers those who were unaccustomed to the know, at Earl Powis' seat at Stonesea; and it was with the utmost uneasi- house. Here he remained six months, ness, Lucien saw his children succes- when, owing to the jealousy of the govsively handed out of the frail bark to ernment (says the author) which suswhich they had been consigned: this pected that all the rupture between the was attended with much trouble; and brothers was a mere trick, and Lucien's at times when a billow intervened be- voyage the first step of an important tween the boat and ship's side, or political scheme, it was thought fit to another brought her in violent contact change his residence. He went next with the latter, the senator trembled to a seat purchased from the Marquis with horror, lest some accident might of Worcester, within three miles of the occur. As this state of painful suspense city of that name, for which he paid continued for some time, it did not 9000l. in the name of an English bankfail to bring back the recollection of his er. It is stated, but we cannot believe long persecutions: this was too evident the fact, that Lord Powis took 300 to escape the notice of his attendants; guineas of rent for Stonehouse, after and with a countenance full of indig- having offered it. gratuitously. In nant rage, he was at one time heard to England, Lucien forgot his republican exclaim in a tone of deep despair, the simplicity, and assumed great state. following line from the Philoctetes of His own apparel was sumptuous, and La Harpe :

Ils m'ont fait tous ces maux-que les dieux les leurs

rendent !

Thus Lucien, who had done so much towards the elevation of his F ATHENEUM. Vol. 4.

his liveries rich and brilliant; nor did he diminish his expenditure, though he lost 80001. by the bankruptcy of Le Mesurier.

(To be continued.)


Illustration of remarkable Days, Ceremonies, &c.



From the London Time's Telescope, for Oct. 1818.

CTOBER. In a garment of yellow and carnation, upon his head a garland of oake leaves, with the acornes; in his right hand the sign Scorpio; in his left, a basket of servises, medlers, and chestnuts, and other fruits that ripen at the later time of the year; his robe is of the colour of the leaves and flowers decaying. This moneth was called Domitianus in the time of Domitian, by his edict and commandment; but after his death, by the decree of the Senate, it took the name of October, every one hating the name and memory of so detestable a tyrant.' (Peacham, p. 420-21.)

"October had the name of wyn-monat; and albeit they had not antiently wines made in Germany, yet in this seson had they them from divers countries adjoyning.' (Verstegan, p. 61.)


Remigius was bishop of Rheims. He converted to Christianity not only King Clodoveus, but also a considerable part of his subjects; hence he is honoured by some devotees with the title of the French Apostle. After he had held his bishopric 74 years, he died at 96 years of age, A.D. 535. The cruse which he used was preserved in France, their kings being formerly anointed from it at their coronation.



Oh what a nobie heart was here undone.
Yes! she too much Endurged thy fond pursuit,
"was thine own genius gave the final blow,
And hoped to put the wound that laid thee low :
So the stuck Eagie, stretched up on the pain,
No more through rolling clouds to soar again,
View'd his on feather on the fatal dart,
And winged the shit that quivered in his heart:
He nursed the pinion which impeiled the steel,
Keen were his pangs, but keener far to feel;
While the same plumage that had warm'd his nest

When Science seif destroyed her favourite son!
She sowed the seeds, but Death has reap'd the fruit.

Drank the last fle-drop of his bleeding breast.


Saint Denys, or Dionysius, the Areby St. Paul. See Acts xvii. He was, opagite, was converted to Christianity at first, one of the Judges of the celebraterwards made Bishop of Athens, where ted court of Areopagus, but he was afhe suffered martyrdom for the sake of the gospel. There are several books which bear his name; but they are, no doubt, forgeries, of the sixth century. The French say that he was the first that preached the gospel among them, and for that reason consider him their

tutelar saint; but for this supposition there is no ground, as Christianity was never preached in France until long af

ter his decease.

idle tales related of Denys, the followAmong the thousand incoherent; he is said to have been being is perhaps the most ridiculous and headed by Fescennius, the Roman governor at Paris; and at the time of his martyrdom he took up his head after it was severed from his body, and walked two miles with it in his hands, to a

place called Martyr's-hill and there laid

down to rest.

This virgin martyr suffered death ander Dacianus, about the year 290, the most cruel torments being inflicted upon her. Vows of celibacy were highly this martyred saint at the little village The abbey erected to the honour of esteemed in the early ages; and, even of St. Denis, near Paris, was founded in our own times, many rites still exist, (says Mr. Eustace) by Dagobert, a in honour of the virgin state. Upon the decease of a virgin, flowers are yet was thus almost coeval with the monprince of the Merovingian race; and strewed before the corpse by young girls archy. Its abbots distinguished themdressed in white, as emblematic of inno- selves by their talents and their integrity, cence. Garlands also, are, in some places, woven and attached to the interwoven was its history with that of during many an eventful year; and so beams of churches in which virgins have the country, that the annals of St. Den

been buried.


Unhappy White! while life was in its spring,
And thy young Muse just wav'd her joyous wing,
The spoiler came; and all thy promise fair
Has sought the grave, to sleep for ever there.


is became the records of France.
was honoured in a particular manner by
the royal family, and was, from its
foundation, the mausoleum of the sove-
reigns of France. Its decorations, as

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