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VOL. 4.] Extracts from an Arctic Navigator's Journal.

993 PLAN OF THE ROMANCE, OR HISTORICAL of certain vapours, and nitrous particles.

When this period arrives, the colony Chapter 1. The Battle of Shrewsbury, having no means of changing their

Lord Craggycliff commands King abode on land, amuse themselves witb. Henry's hussars, and is slain by a short voyage or change of scene on the wind of a bullet.

the back of a kraken which visits this Chapter 2. King Henry IV. dines with coast ; and are much gratified by their

Lady C. in Grosvenor-square, or abode on it, though the floating island his return from Shropshire. Ward, which its back affords is covered only and Frescati arrange the supper with sand and sea-weeds. But this and orange-trees. Lady C. dis- monstrous fish is not without its due misses the heroine, Starchissa, her portion of sagacious instinct ; and by orphan protegée, because she asked means of his large suckers, draws in so Lord John of Lancaster for an great a quantity of the supplies they ice-cream.

bring with them, that the poor travellers Chapter 3. The heroine writes a sonnet are compelled to return home half fam

to a tea-kettle in the ruins of ished. In addition to this wandering Twenty-ghosts' Abbey, and sees propensity, I truce some traits of Enga Knight with fair hair and large lish character in their disproportioned eyes carrying mouse-traps. They number of lawyers and physicians. fall in love of course.,

They have also a common class of Chapter 4. Owen Glendower, the cele- thieves who resemble ours, because they

brated inagician assures Starchissa are openly educated for that avocation, that the mouse-trap koight is Hot- and pursue it without disguise. But spur's son and heir in disguise.

their prison-regulations are new, and Chapter 5. Sir Eglamour de Mouse- deserve your notice as a civilian. In

traps informs his beloved, that stead of imprisoning rogues, they only Lord Craggycliff's last codicil pro- shut up honest men, that (as they provides an annuity for his wife's fess) they may know where to find

protegée,and advises her to claim it. them, and prevent them from becoming Chapter 6. Starchissa, in her way to thieves. This wonderfully lessens the

Doctors' Commons, sees Prince number of prisoners, and the trouble of
John of Lancaster driving the the police, since prevention, saith our
Mail-Coach, and to conceal her- law, is easier than cure.
self takes a place inside.

All these indications of sagacity and Chapter 7. Lord C.'s ghost appears in discretion induced Professor Cacanous,

the shape of a Proctor, and an- my literary companion, to consider from nounces that the annuity is left to what imperfect conformation of organs Lady Craggycliff's orphan lap- these people's want of speech could dog of the same name.

proceed. And as both science and huChapter 8. Sir Eglamourde Mousetraps manity impelled him to ascertain and

declares bimself married to the remedy it if possible, he procured the Queen of Noland; and Starchissa, aid of our surgeon's mate ; and having baving written an ode with a gold enticed one of the natives into a secure pencil, in a damp grotto, expires. part of the long avenue which leads to

their tenements, he began to examine

his pericranium according to the rules I think you will consider me justi- of Drs. Gall and Spurzheim. From the fied in supposing these fair-haired in- outline of the os trontis, he concluded habitants of an ice-valley, ab origine the organ of communication was not English : especially as they have not sufficiently developed ; and being a yet lost their fondoess for emigrating. practical proficient in the science, he At a certain period of the year, this sine seized the poor pative, and prepared to gular atmosphere gives every object a make an incision into his skull, intendblue tint ; an operation which our nat- ing to rectify and enlarge the cell of the ural philosophers have explained very brain. He was on the point of the satisfactorily as a necessary consequence experiment, when his patient made a

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Nuge Literario-Mysteries of Udolpho. (vol. 4 violent effort to escape, and begged for captain of our ship notified that our mercy in very articulate English. Our leave of absence was expired, and insurprise was great, but pleasant; and terrupted this newly-opened intercourse he assured us, that according to their by demanding our immediate return on national institutes, they were only dumb board. Still as our passage through at home. He offered to teach us their Baffin's Bay is very doubtful, we shall peculiar idiom; confessing, however, probably sail back by the same course, that they studied all languages more and renew our acquaintance with this than their own.

We should have em- hospitable colony, whose origin and trabraced his kindness eagerly; but the ditions may afford us some amusement.


From the New Monthly Magazine, November 1818,


No. III.



awful ideas of “ death and judgment." TA THERE are, doubtless, few readers On the continent there existed, before

of this enchanting romance who the French Revolution, some remarkahave forgotten the appalling veiled pic- ble instances of the strictness or superture, which occasioned so much aların stition of the devotees; for many of the to the susceptible Emily, whilst explor- convents, particularly those on the southing the uninhabited chambers of the ero frontiers, possessed images, similar castle of Udolpho. Mrs. Radcliffe re- to that described by Mrs. Radcliffe ; serves its explanation for her last vol- before which, the transgressing memume, where in common with other bers of their communities, were obliged,

mysteries," it is duly elucidated; by prayers and penance, to expiate the and turns out to be the representation, crimes of which they had been found in wax, of a human form, nearly de- culpable. voured by worins; before which, a pre- In the chapel, belonging to the Privious occupant of the castle had been ory of the Celestine Monks, at Heverle, doomed to do daily penance, in order near the town of Louvain, in Brabant, to expiate some deadly crime. It ap- is still exhibited a figure, executed in pears highly improbable, that the im- the most masterly manner, of the finest agination of the ingenious authoress white marble, representing a human of these volumes of wonders, un bound- body in the last stage of putrefaction ; od as it was, should have furnished ber with myriads of worms apparently in with an incident so singular and unac- the act of devouring it. As such an countable, had not her mind received object, in a situation so public, could some assisting suggestion, either in the be by no means pleasing to general becourse of her

very various reading, or holders, it is surrounded by a green curextensive travels. I am inclined to think, tain or veil, which is only removed that in the earlier part of the last centu- when the image is applied to the purry, the revolting custom of exhibiting poses above alluded to. Now, as our even publicly, the most disgusting em- admirable novelist is known to have blems of our mortality, was by no means travelled through this neighbourhood, it

Indeed, the emaciated may readily be supposed, that, to a figures, still observable in many of the mind so romantic as hers, such a strange cathedrals and ancient edifices of this reliccould not have been passed unnoticcountry, bear abundant testimony of ed; but must, on the contrary, have had the likelihood of the conjecture. The strong claims upon her attention ; nor mode of ornamenting grave stones from is it at all detractiog from her exquisite time immemorial, with the skeleton head talents to infer that it gave rise to the and cross bones, is, I conceive, merely veiled picture, which forms so striking a modification of the custom, and in- a feature in her “ Mysteries of Udoltended to convey to the mind the same pho.”


For. 4.]
Epithets-Madrigal by Lodge.

296 On the Epithets

The morn begun from Ida to display

Her rosy-cheeks, and Phosphor led the day.


Fairfax, who, in his translation of It is observed by Pope, in his preface Tasso, not upfrequently embellishes his to the Iliad, that “ as a metaphor is a original by novel and ingenious thoughts short simile, so an epithet is a short de- of his own, has also a description of scription,” and it is somewhat singular morning, by no means deficient in that with so great a relish for them in beauty : his original, he should almost invaria.

The purple morning left her crimson bed, bly bave neglected to transfuse into his

And donn'd her robes of pure vermillion hue ; own compositions those emphatic ex- Her amber locks she crowned with roses red,

In Eden's flowery gardens gathered new. pressions which Aristotle has so aptly denominated living words,

Miltonqafter having depicted "morn Pododextudos rosy-fingered, is a with rosy hand," elsewhere bas an allucompound epithet frequently used by sion to her rosy steps :-Homer ; and fancifully adopted by

Now morn her rosy steps in th'eastern clime many of our English poets. Spenser, Advancing, sowed the earth with orient pearlí". who, in bis imagery, rivals every other

We will finish with one more quowriter, has the following beautiful description of morning, in which it is in- tation from Spenser, who frequently troduced :

uses this epithet.

Wake dow, my love, awake, for it is time,
Now when the rosy-fingered morning fair,

The rosy morn long hath left Tithon's bed.
Weary of aged Tithon's saffron bed,
Had spread her purple robes through dewy air,

And the high bills Titan discovered ;

The royal virgin shook off drowsy-head, There is a tract of great rarity in the
And rising forth from out her busier bower, British Museum, from which Shak-
Looked for her Knight.

speare is stated to have borrowed the Dryden bas also applied it to the plot of “ As you like it," entitled “ Eusame purpose :

phue's Golden Legacy,” by Thomas The rory-fingered morn appears,

Lodge, a poet of the Elizabethan

age, And from her mantle shakes the tears.

who was also the author of a great And Milton, though somewhat dif- variety of valuable publications, in ferent

prose as well as verse, Ellis, in his “ Specimens of the Early English

Poets," has given three of his poems Waked by the cireling hours, with hand

from the “ Pleasant Historie of GlauUnbarred the gates of light.

cus and Scilla,” but has omitted to menThe simple epithet rosy, has been tion the following madrigal ; the most still more frequently applied to the beautiful, perhaps of all bis composimorn ; and although to multiply ex

tions. The edition from which it is amples from the ancients would be end- transcribed is believed to be unique. less, a few adductions may not be unamusing from the moderns.

Love in my bosom like a bee
In Dryden's translation of Virgil it

Now with his wings he plays with me, very often occurs, for instance

Now with his feete.
And now the rosy morn began to rise,

Within mine eyes he makes his best,
And waved her saffron streamer through therkjes.

His bed amid my tender breast;
The morn ensuing from the mountain's height, My kisses are his daily feast,
Had scarcely spread the skies with rosy light.

And yet he robs me of my rest.
Th' etherial coursers bounding from the sea,

Strike I my lutehe tunes the string,
From out their flaming nostrils brcathed the day.

He music plays, if I so sing ;

He lends me every living thing,
In a previous quotation Dryden has

Yet, cruel, he my heart doch sting. given Aurora rosy-fingers, but in that

What if I beat the wanton boy which immediately follows, she is de

With many a rod, scribed by the same poet as having

He will repay me with annoy, rosy-cheeks :

Because a god.

The morn


Doth suck his sweete;

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296 Plagiarism-Chaucer and Dryden ---Bucon's Essays.

[vol. 4 Then sit thou safely on my knee,

There is, perhaps, no passage in the And let thy bowre my bosom be ; 0, Cupid, so thou pity me,

whole compass of poetry, that has bad I will not wish tu part from thee.

more imitators, than the following, from

the 270th sopnet of Petrarch :Plagiarism.

Zefiro torna ; e'l bel tempo ramena, In the earlier ages, before the inven- E i flori, e'l herbe, sua dolce famiglia : tion of typography, it is not to be won

Ma per me, lasso, tornano i piu gravi dered at, that authors transcribed with

Sospiri, che nel cor profondo tragge, so little ceremony from each other's Quella, che al ciel se ne porto le chiavi. productions, as the very limited circu- SoGuarini in bis Sonnet commencing bution of books prevented their larcenies

O primavera ! gioventu lelanno, &c. from being discovered ; and to this

Besides several of our English poets : may probably be attributed the depredations of Terence, Solinus and Apu- Seasons return, but not to me return

Day or the sweet approach of eve or morn. leius, on Menander, Pliny and Luciad:

Milton's Par. Lost." but as, since this inducement has been

In vain to me the smiling mornings shine, reinoved by the press, and literature has

And reddening Phoebus lifts his golden fire : become universal, literary theft has lit

I fruitless mourn to him that cannot hear, tle or no chance of escaping detection,

And weep the more because I weep in vain. it is singular that so many writers should

Gray's Sonnets: have persisted in their endeavours to

Parent of blooming flowers and gay desires, profit by the talents or ingenuity of Youth of the tender year, delightful spring! others. That those who treat on the Again thou dost return, but not with thee Sciences are constrained, from the na

Return the smiling hours I once possessed.

Lord Lyttelton. ture of their subject, sometimes to tread in the footsteps of earlier authors is in- Now spring returns, but not to me return

The vernal joys my better years have known. dubitable, but that poets and novelists,

Bruce who are allowed to range at large over

Once more returned to curl the dimpling lake ; the boundless regions of fancy, should

Auspicious zephyr waves her downy wing ; frequently and servilely imitate their

Thus they return.-But ah ! to me no more predecessors, is not so easily to be ac

Return the pleasures of the vernal plain, &c. counted for. Lucian's cave of banditti

Russell. is introduced in other fictitious narra..

Yon brook will glide as softly as before, tives, by Apuleius, Heliodorus, Ariosto, Yon landscape smile--yon golden harvest grow, Spenser and Le Sage. Apuleius, how- Yon sprightly lark on mounting wing will soar,

When Henry's name is heard no inore below. ever, not content with having borrowed

H. K. White, from him thus much, has openly robbed him of his ass, and laden it with many

Chaucer and Dryden. additional extravagances; among which

It is a circumstance of literary histothe taleofCupid and Psyche may particu- ry worth mentioning, that Chaucer was larly be instanced, notwithstanding the more than sixty years of age when he beauty and wildness of its imagery, wrote Palamon and Arcite, and Drywhich would almost lead us to imagine den seventy when be versified it. it of an oriental origin. Cervantes, tho' Chaucer borrowed this tale from Bocintimately acquainted with the ancients, cacio's Theseida; but it is not so well found their manners


to known that our old poet is indebted 10 weave into the exquisite texture of his hi3. Filistrato che Tracta de la Troylo matchless romance; nor does it appear

e Greseida, for his Troilus and Cresthat he has selected any classical ad- seida.

Bacon's Essays. venture, if we except the encounter with the wine bags, which seems to

These admirable compositions are have been suggested by Apuleius. replete with the inost original and strik

ing observations ; the author seldom “ Cadavera illa jugulatorum hominum erant tres touches on a subject which he does not (caprini) utres infiuti,variisque secti foraminibus, et, illustrate by some happy comparison, ut vespertinum proelium meum recordabar, his locis biantes, quibus latrones illos vulneraveram."

* Larso, a tal che non mi ascolta, darro. Metamorphoseon, sive de Asino aureo l. iii.

Petrarck, Som 188.





VOL. 4.] Lewis's Monk-Sketches of English Manners. and nothing can be more apposite than ductive. The success of this work inwhat the elegant Count Algarotti has duced many persons to put forth their said of him, “ Lo stile di Bacone, uomo powers on a similar subject; but among di altissima dottrina, abbonda di vivissi. all its namesakes of the novel tribe, there mi pensieri :-nella maggior profundita is only one which will bear comparison d'acqua si trovano le perle piu grosse.

,** with it, 'namely, “Manfrone, or the Lewis's Monk.

One Handed Monk,” which is its supeThe outline of this romance is taken rior, as well in execution, as in its from the story of the Santon Barsissa, moral tendency. written by Sir R. Steele, and forming

Ariosto. the 148th number of the Guardian. As A friend once expressing an astonisha master of the horrible and mysterious, ment that he who had described such Mr. Lewis bas shewn considerable magnificent edifices in bis poem,

should powers, and has woven his materials, be contented with so poor a dwelling, borrowed from different sources, with Ariosto answered very aptly, that much dexterity into an interesting

“ words were much easier put together whole. The language is fine, but the thap bricks ;” and leading him to the

, pruriency of imagination such as to door of his house, pointed to this disa render it extremely dangerous and se- tich, which was engraven on the por* I have recently seen an early edition of Bacon's

tico: Essays, which differs in numerous of its parsages, Parva, sed apta mihi, sed nulli obnoxia, sed non from those in general circulation at present,

Sordida, parta meo sed tamen ære domus.

From the Literary Gazette.


No. IX.



Whom Nature charms.


till all

am sorry

that he was busy, but would be with me immediately. Her Ladyship was

emr.ployed in stag-hunting. I next asked O rus, quando te adspiciam.

for the young Lord, and found that he Happy the man who to the shades retires

was fishing :-Lady Ann, the eldest POPE.-Windsor Forest. daughter ?--she was out with the coachHeavens! what a goodly prospect spreads around man, learning to drive :-Lady Elizaof hills and dales, and woods, and lawns, and spires. beth ?-she was with her drill master, The stretching landscape into smoke decays.

that is to say, with a Sergeant of the

THOMSON. Guards, who was putting her through I HAVE always preferred the "shady 'ber facings, and teaching her to march:

side of Pall Mall” to any shady -Lady Mary ?—she was lying down. groves or bowers in the world. Though “ Bless me," said I, " the family are my attachment for a town life is such, oddly employed ! But I

for that I have refused a thousand invita- Lady Mary's indisposition." · She is tions to the country, yet after a whole not indisposed at all,' replied the Butler, winter of promising to visit Lord River- she is lying flat on the floor for an bank at his retreat, twenty miles from hour, by order of her Ladyship, by way London, I at last did violence to my in- of improving her shape ;

** and Madeclination and went thither. I had heard moiselle Martin, the governess ?” ada great deal of the magnificence of his ded I-is,' answered the butler,' waltzhouse-of his improvements and his ing with a young Officer who is on a hospitality-and I was now about to visit bere, for amusement's sake, whilst judge for myself as to all these particu- Lady Mary is thus stretched on a board.' lars.

“ Preposterous !" muttered I to myI accordingly threw myself into a self! post-chaise, and arrived at Riverbank The nursery was now let loose, and Park about two o'clock, P. M. I in- the infantige race crowded about me, quired for my Lord, and was informed bid under the skirts of my coat, and ina

20 ATHEŅEUM. Vol. 4.



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