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Sen. Ben. 2, 23.-He is an ungrateful man who returns thanks
when all witnesses are out of the way. (4.) Nil homine terra pejus
ingrato creat. Auson. Epigr. 140, 1.-The earth does not produce
a worse thing than an ungrateful man. (5.) Pol quidem, meo
animo, ingrato homine nihil impensiu 'st. Plaut. Bacch. 3, 2, 10.
-Egad, to my mind there is nothing more ruinous than an un-
grateful man. (6.) Ingratus unus miseris omnibus nocet. Pub.
Syr. ?-One ungrateful man does an injury to all poor people.
(L.)-In this sign is my hope.

2258. In hoc signo spes mea.

Motto of Viscount Taaffe.

ἐν τούτῳ νίκα.

2259. In hoc signo vinces. (L.), or ev Toúr víka. (Gr.) Cf. Euseb. vit. Constantin. 1, 28.-In this sign, i.e., of the Cross, thou shalt conquer. Motto of Earl of Arran, Lord Harlech, and of the Russian Order of St Constantine. The words were assumed as motto by the Emperor Constantine the Great, and attached to the Imperial Standard (Labarum), in memorial of the luminous Cross which appeared to him in the heavens on the eve of his defeat of Maxentius and victorious entry into Rome, A.D. 312.

2260. Inimici famam non ita ut nata est, ferunt. (L.) Plaut. Pers. 3, 1, 23.—Enemies circulate stories in another form than that they originally had.

2261. Initia magistratuum nostrum meliora ferme, et finis inclinat. (L.) Tac. A. 15, 21.-The discharge of our official duties is usually more exemplary at their commencement; it is towards the end that it declines in vigour. Great alacrity is shown by men in their entrance into office; nothing can be more active than the first few months of power. New brooms sweep clean. 2262. Initium est salutis, notitia peccati. (L.) Sen. Ep. 28.The first step towards the soul's recovery, is the knowledge of the sin committed.

2263. In judicando criminosa est celeritas. (L.) Law Max.Haste is criminal in a judge.

2264. Injuriarum remedium est oblivio. (L.) Prov. ap. Sen. Ep. 94. Oblivion is the best remedy for injuries.

2265. Injusta ab justis impetrare non decet ;


Justa autem ab injustis petere, insipientia 'st.
Plaut. Am. Prol. 35.-To demand injustice from the just
is not becoming: but to seek justice at the hands of the
unjust is simple folly.

2266. In limine. (L.)-On the threshold. At the outset.
2267. In loco parentis. (L.)-In the place of a parent.

2268. In mea vesanas habui dispendia vires:

Et valui pœnas fortis in ipse meas. (L.) Ov. Am. 1, 7, 25.

I had a madman's strength to my undoing,

And proved most powerful to my own ruin.-Ed.

2269. In medias res. (L.)—Into the midst of the affair. Without losing time we plunged in medias res, and were soon over head and ears in business.

2270. In memoriam. (L.)-In memory of. (2.) In perpetuam rei memoriam.—For the perpetual memory of the thing. Words usually preceding some solemn record of events, or authoritative declaration.

2271. In nocte consilium. (L.) Prov.-Take counsel in the night. Let the night pass over your determination. Sleep upon it.

2272. In nomine Domini incipit omne malum.

(L.)-Every wickedness commences in the name of the Lord. Religious persecution has in all ages been supposed to be doing God service.

2273. In nova fert animus mutatas dicere formas Corpora. (L.) Ov. M. 1, 1.—I am now led to speak of bodies changed into other forms.

The opening words of the poet's celebrated Metamorphoses, or Stories of the Changes wrought in the world of mythology upon the persons of various fabulous individuals by the action of the Gods. Thus, Narcissus is turned into a flower, Daphne into a laurel.

2274. In nubibus. (L.)-In the clouds. Misty, vague, undefined, without practical shape. Said also of absent persons, who are frequently "in the clouds."

2275. In nuce. (L.)-In a nut-shell. Any question or proposition stated in its shortest terms.

2276. Innuendo. (L.)—By intimating.

An oblique, covert

hint or remark, generally reflecting upon the action of another.

2277. In omnia paratus. (L.)-Prepared for all emergencies. Motto of Lord Dunally.

2278. In omnibus quidem, maxime tamen in jure, æquitas spectanda sit. (L.) Law Max.-In all things, but especially in law, equity must be observed.

In applying the general provisions of the law to a particular case (which may have been unforeseen), recourse is had to that power, called Equity, which modifies and applies the strict rules of law.

2279. In omni re vincit imitationem veritas. (L.) Cic. de Or. 3, 57, 215.—In everything the truth is superior to the imitation of it.

2280. Inopem me copia fecit. (L.) Ov. M. 3, 466.-Plenty has made me poor. Too great copiousness of ideas often embarrasses and retards a due flow of language.

2281. Inops, potentem dum vult imitari, perit. (L.) Phædr. 1, 24, 1.—The poor, in attempting to imitate the great, comes to ruin, as the frog did in aping the proportions of the ox.


2282. In pace leones, in prælio cervi. (L.) Tert. Coron. Mil. 1. -Lions in time of peace, deer in time of war. courageous person. Cf. In prætoriis leones, in castris. lepores. Sid. Ep. 5, 7.-Lions in barracks, hares in the field: and Domi leones, foris vulpes. Petr. 44, 4.Lions at home, foxes abroad.

2283. In pari materia. (L)—In a similar matter. or kindred matter, question, topic.

In a similar

2284. In partibus (sc. infidelium). (L.)-In the countries (of unbelievers). Term applied to Bishops and clergy sent

into non-Catholick countries, as, e.g., the titular Prelates acting in England before the restoration of the Catholick Hierarchy in 1851.

2285. In pertusum ingerimus dicta dolium. (L.) Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 135.-We are pouring our words into a leaky cask. Advice thrown away.

2286. In petto. (It.)—Within the breast. In reserve. Cardinalsdesignate, but without churches assigned to them, are so called.

2287. In pios usus. (L.)-For objects of piety. For pious uses. 2288. In portu quies. (L.)—Rest in port. M. of Earl of Lathom. 2289. In principatu commutando, civium

Nil præter domini nomen mutant pauperes. (L.) Phædr. 1, 15.-In a change of rulers (government) the poorer class change nothing except their master's name.

2290. In propria persona. (L.)-In person. Opposed to appearance or action by proxy.

2291. In puris naturalibus. (L.)—In a state of nature.

2292. Inquinat egregios adjuncta superbia mores. (L.) Claud. Cons. Hon. 4, 305.—The best manners are stained by the presence of pride.

2293. In re. (L.)—In the matter of. Respecting, with regard to. 2294. In regno Franciæ omnibus scribendi datur libertas, paucis

facultas olim literæ ob homines in pretio, nunc sordent ob homines. (L.) Scaliger Ep. ad. Petas.-In France every man has liberty to write, few the ability to do so. Formerly literature was in high esteem owing to the learned men who made it their pursuit, now it is as much depreciated by the pedants who have succeeded them. Estimate of the school of letters in France in the 16th cent.

2295. In re mala animo si bono utare, adjuvat. (L.) Plaut. Capt. 2, 1, 8.-To show a good spirit is of much help in any difficulty. In Fr., A mauvais jeu, bonne mine. 2296. I.N.R.I. (L.)-Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews. Abbrev. of Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudæorum.

2297. In sanguine fœdus. (L.)—A covenant sealed with blood. Motto of the Orders of the Two Sicilies, and of St


2298. Insanire putas sollennia me, neque rides. (L.)

Hor. Ep.

1, 1, 101.—You think me bitten with the prevailing madness, and you do not laugh.

2299. Insani sapiens nomen ferat, æquus iniqui,

Ultra quod satis est virtutem si petat ipsam. (L.) Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 15.-Let the wise man be called fool, and the just unjust, if his pursuit even of Virtue herself be carried beyond the bounds of prudence.

2300. In se magna ruunt: lætis hunc numina rebus Crescendi posuere modum; nec gentibus ultra Commodat in populum terræ pelagique potentem Invidiam Fortuna suam. (L.) Lucan. 1, 81.

All that's too great

Falls crushed by its inherent weight.

Such righteous bounds the laws of Heaven
T' undue prosperity have given.

And Fortune, Rome to overthrow,

Called in no aid of foreign foe,

But wreaked herself the vengeance plann'd
Against the lords of sea and land.-Ed.

T. May (1634) translates it thus:

Great things themselves oppresse,

The Gods this bound to groning states have set;
But to no Forraine armes would Fortune yet
Lend her owne envy o're great Rome, that awes
Both land and sea; shee's her owne ruines cause.

2301. In serum rem trahere. (L.) See Liv. 32, 35, 4.-To protract the discussion, or the sitting, to a late hour.

2302. Inservi Deo et lætare. (L.)—Serve God and rejoice. Earl of Wicklow.

2303. In silvam non ligna feras insanius. (L.) Hor. S. 1, 10, 34.-It would be as silly as to carry sticks into the forest. In silvam ligna ferre (to carry logs into the wood) to labour in vain, to " carry coals to Newcastle." The Greeks have a proverb

to the same effect, Γλαύκ' ̓Αθήναζε, Αr. Αν. 301 (or γλαῦκ ̓ εἰς Anvas, ap. Cic. Fam. 9, 3, 2), Owls to Athens, the owl being Athene's bird; so too ix@ûs eis 'EXλýσπOVтov, Fish to the Hellespont. 2304. Insita mortalibus natura, propere sequi quæ piget inchoare. (L.) Tac. H. 1, 55.—It is part of our nature to second things readily enough, but to decline taking the first step. 2305. Insita mortalibus natura recentem aliorum felicitatem ægris oculis introspicere, modumque fortunæ a nullis magis exigere, quam quos in æquo videre. (L.) Tac. H. 2, 20.-It is natural to scan the sudden promotion of new men with jealous eyes, and to demand that those whom we have known in a humble station should carry their good fortune with especial humility.

2306. In situ. (L.)-In position. In its place or position. 2307. In solo Deo salus. (L.)-Salvation is in God alone.

Motto of Earl of Harewood.

2308. In solo vivendi causa palato est. (L.) Juv.-Their palate is the sole object of their existence.

Men whose sole bliss is eating, who can give
But that one brutal reason why they live. (?)


2309. Insperata accidunt magis sæpe quam quæ speres. Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 40.-What is unexpected happens more frequently than that which one is looking for.

2310. Inspicere, tanquam in speculum, in vitas omnium Jubeo, atque ex aliis sumere exemplum sibi.

(L.) Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 61.

In short, I bid him look into the lives

Of all, as in a mirror, and thence draw

From others an example for himself.-Colman.

2311. Instar omnium. (L.)-Like all the others.

2312. In stomacho . . ridere. (L.) Cic. Fam. 2, 16, 7.-To laugh in one's sleeve.

2313. Intaminatis fulget honoribus. (L.) He shines with unspotted honours. Motto of Earl of Winton.

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