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VI. Nineteenth Century, I.

CHATEAUBRIAND, 1768–1848.

Atala, 1801.
Génie du Christianisme, 1802.

Mémoires d'Outre-Tombe, published 1849.
LAMARTINE, 1790–1869.

Méditations, 1820.
Hugo, 1802-1885.

Hernani, 1830.
Feuilles d'Automne, 1831.
Notre-Dame de Paris, 1831.
Châtiments, 1852.
Contemplations, 1856.
Légende des Siècles, 1859.

Les Misérables, 1862.
VIGNY, 1797–1863.

Poèmes Antiques et Modernes, 1826.

Servitude et Grandeur Militaires, 1835.
Mt CT, 1810–1857.

Caprices de Marianne, 1833.
Lorenzaccio, 1834.

Les Nuits, 1835–1840.
GEORGE SAND, 1804–1876.

Indiana, 1832.

François le Champi, 1850.
STENDHAL, 1783–1842.

Le Rouge et le Noir, 1831.
BALZAC, 1799–1850.

Comédie Humaine, 1829–1850.
MICHELET, 1798–1874.

History, 1833–1867.

VII. Nineteenth Century, II.

SAINTE-BEUVE, 1804–1869.

Lundis, 1850–1869.
RENAN, 1823–1892.

Vie de Jésus, 1863.
TAINE, 1828–1893.
FLAUBERT, 1821–1880.

Madame Bovary, 1857.

Salammbô, 1862.
GAUTIER, 1811-1872.

Emaux et Camées, 1852.

BAUDELAIRE, 1821–1867.

Fleures du Mal, 1857. LECONTE DE LISLE, 1820-1894.

Poems, 1853–1884. SULLY PRUDHOMME, 1839–1908.

Poems, 1865–1888. HEREDIA, 1842–1906.

Les Trophées, 1893. MAUPASSANT, 1850–1893. VERLAINE, 1844-1896.

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

The number of works dealing with the history and criticism of French literature is very large indeed. The following are the most useful reviews of the whole subject:PETIT DE JULLEVILLE. Histoire de la Langue et de la Littéra

ture française (8 vols.). LANSON. Histoire de la Littérature française (1 vol.). BRUNETIÈRE. Manuel de l'histoire de la Littérature française

(1 vol.). DOWDEN. History of French Literature (1 vol.).

An excellent series of biographies of the principal authors, by the leading modern critics, is that of Les Grands Ecrivains Français (published by Hachette).

The critical essays of Sainte-Beuve are particularly valuable. They are contained in his Causeries du Lundi, Premiers Lundis, Nouveaux Lundis, Portraits de Femmes, Portraits Littéraires, and Portraits Contemporains.

Some interesting criticisms of modern writers are to be found in La Vie Littéraire, by Anatole France.

Editions of the principal authors are very numerous. The monumental series of Les Grands Ecrivains de la France (Hachette) contains complete texts of most of the great writers, with elaborate and scholarly commentaries of the highest value. Cheaper editions of the masterpieces of the language are published by Hachette, La Bibliothèque Nationale, Jean Gillequin, Nelson, Dent, Gowans, and Gray.

There are also numerous lyrical anthologies, of which two of the best are Les Chefs-d'æuvre de la Poésie lyrique française (Gowans and Gray) and The Oxford Book of French Verse (Clarendon Press). But it must be remembered that the greater part of what is most characteristic in French literature appears in its poetic drama and its prose, and is therefore necessarily excluded from such collections.

INDEX

(The italic figures indicate the more important references.)

ACADEMY, the French, 47-9

Du Deffand, Mme., 139
Æsop, 111, 112

Dumas, 208, 213
Arnold, M., 89
Aucassin et Nicolete, 13-15

Encyclopædia, The, 161-3
Austen, Miss, 226

Fabliaux, 11, 12, 201
Balzac, 225–31, 235, 236, 239, 247 Fénelon, 133-4
Baudelaire, 241-3

Flaubert, 47, 235-40, 244, 247
Bayle, 135

Fontenelle, 134-5
Beaumarchais, 196

Francis I, 27, 43
Bernard of Clairvaux, 182

Frederick the Great, 162, 168
Boileau, 73–7, 200, 234

Froissart, 20-1, 56
Bolingbroke, 144
Bossuet, 119–22, 127, 138, 171,

Gautier, Théophile, 208, 240–1
181, 202
Bourgogne, Duc de, 134

Gray, 48
Browne, Sir Thomas, 48
Buffon, 166

Hardy, 49, 50, 51
Byron, 48

Helvétius, 166

Heredia, 240-1
Calas, 177

Holbach, 166
Catherine of Russia, 162

Homer, 142
Cervantes, 77

Hugo, 50, 208, 209, 213–18, 223–4,
Chanson de Roland, 9-10, 15

225, 230, 240
Chansons de Geste, 8–10, 12 .

Hume, 195
Chapelain, 76
Chateaubriand, 203–5, 208

James, Mr. Henry, 226
Chénier, André, 200-1, 242

Jodelle, 50, 51
Chrétien de Troyes, 11

Johnson, Dr., 234
Columbus, 156

Joinville, 16-18, 56
Commynes, 21-%
Condorcet, 161, 166

Keats, 201, 242
Congreve, 48
Constant, Benjamin, 221

Labé, Louise, 32
Copernicus, 60, 156

La Bruyère, 122, 124–31, 150, 202
Corneille, 49–56, 57, 66, 76, 81, Laclos, 222
202

Lafayette, Mme. de, 221
Cotin, l'Abbé, 76

La Fontaine, 12, 73, 110–19, 122,

200, 202
Dalembert, 162, 165

Lamartine, 205-6, 208
Dante, 77, 142

La Rochefoucauld, 122-4, 127
Diderot, 47, 162–6, 181, 184, 185, Leconte de Lisle, 240–1
191

Le Sage, 221
Dryden, 89

Locke, 144
Du Bellay, 29, 32

Lorris, Guillaume de, 18, 19
Du Châtelet, Mme., 168

Louis IX, 17-18

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