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self had never had one hour's cles, on meeting him, was congrasickness, he might reasonably hope tulating him on his very healthy to be spared for many years to appearance. On that very day he

was seized with malignant fever, In a few weeks afterwards, he said and in four days the disease terthat as fever was rather prevalent minated fatally. The amount of in the neighbourhood, he had the policy was of course duly paid changed his mind, and wished to to his disconsolate widow. obtain some information as to the Mr. B-, a respectable schoolexpense of a policy for £300. The master in the town of Pnecessary intelligence was procured. having had thoughts of undertaking He still deferred sending forward a assurance agency, was asked proposal. In a fortnight he took whether he was prepared to give fever, while discharging the duties due weight to his recommendations of his sacred calling in the midst of to others by taking out a policy on a fever-stricken population, and died his own life? He replied that his unassured. His helpless household family was so large, and his expenses would tell the rest!

so great, that he could not Some eighteen months since a gen- afford to pay the premium. He tleman called at the office to was urged to consider, that he could receive the amount of a policy on not afford to be unassured, inasmuch his brother, Dr. D-, of M

even his healthy constitution While in the office, he made the fol- might be invaded by sickness; and lowing remarks :-“It was a most if he were removed from his family fortunate thing that my poor brother by death, there were no visible assured his life with you for £1,000. means of subsistence for his wife His relatives often entreated him to and children; and it was, therefore, take this step, knowing that his the interest and duty of his family expenditure fully equalled his pro- to concur in some judicious retrenchfessional income. Providentially he ment in the domestic expenditure in at length yielded to their impor- order to secure some provision for tunities. He was attacked with the future, in the event of a possible fever, some three months since, and calamity. He admitted the corin a few days his powerful constitu- rectness of these views, and mention sunk under the dreadful malady. tioned the matter to his wife. She The sole earthly dependence of his gave the most strenuous opposition widow and orphans is the sum of to the proposal. She relied on the £1,000, which you have now paid to healthiness of her husband, as a me as his executor.”

security that he would long be A gentleman in the north of Eng- spared to his family. She at length land, a deacon of a church, remarka- consented, and her husband took out ble for his robust health, assured his à policy for £500. In less than life for £2,000. The premium paid two years lír. B

was seized by him about £50. Five with dysentery, and died. Had it months afterwards, one of his un- not been for Life Assurance, their

was

position would have been one of deplorable penury.

Some time since an agent in the Midland Counties was shown the importance of assuring his own life, and of thus becoming a consistent advocate for the practice in the case of others. He demurred until he conferred with his wife, but ultimately took out a policy for £400. In the course of the ensuing summer he died of fever. His widow and orphan children have lately expressed grateful acknowledgments of the benefit conferred on them by this timely act on the part of the deceased.

My dear friend! what say you to these facts ? I know they commend themselves to your judgment,

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whole class must, therefore, be induced to join them. The majority of the class were well disposed towards the teacher in question, yet the disaffected succeeded in inducing all to unite with them except one. This one, the malecontents did not approach till they had gained over every other member in the class. They then told him that the class would not read on the morrow, and intimated their expectation that his conduct would not differ from that of his classmates. To this intimation he did not see fit to reply. They then put the question, intend to read to-morrow ?"

" If I am called upon," was the reply.

“Will you set yourself against the whole class ?

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they not? I know they do. Hand "No," was the quiet and not at all

66

this letter to your worthy wife. You now feel right; act as you feel ; and act at once! I am, your sincere friend,

L, K. S.

CHRISTIAN COURAGE. "THE fear of man bringeth a snare,” is a sentiment illustrated by multitudes every day in the week. They know what is right, but have not courage to do it. Illustrations are supplied from every condition of life. We lately heard of a very striking one.

A number of young men in a college became offended with one of their teachers, and resolved not read to him on the ensuing day. As they formed but a small portion of the class, their refusal, they felt, would be but a small matter; the

satisfactory reply.

"You will if you read.”

“I don't see that. When I entered college I promised to obey the laws.”

"A man can't go in opposition to his class and remain in college."

“ Perhaps not."

“ You will think better of it, and do as the rest of the class do?"

“ I shall do as they do, provided they do right.”

“Do you think you ought to set up your opinion against that of your class ?"

“ I am not accustomed to set up my opinion against any one; but I am accustomed to do what I know to be right, or, at least, to try to do it."

“I advise you," said the leader of the malecontents, very significantly _“I advise you to go with your class, and not set up for a saint.

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You may gain the favour of the

among those who profess to be Faculty, but that will not outweigh governed solely by the will of God. the contempt and hatred of the col- It is a sad thing that so many prolege."

fessing Christians should so often They left his room. He thought refrain from doing that which is the matter over, but saw no reason right, and should so often do what is for changing the ground he had positively wrong, from slavery to taken. He was a professor of reli- public opinion.

Z. gion. He was bound to be loyal to the right, and that did not depend

NOVEL READING. upon opinion, or the vote of majorities. He saw that he might have

A Letter to a Young Lady. to suffer reproach and abuse; but MY DEAREST MADELINE,-I much none of those things moved him. regret to learn that your habit, on

In the course of the evening a which I have so often remonstrated member of the class, a professor of with you, is still unbroken. It will religion, visited him. “I think,”

be your ruin, and not yours only, said the visitor, “ you had better not but the ruin of others with whom displease the class.”

you are associated.

I am deeply " I had rather displease the class pained to think of you! A whole than displease God.”

family, brought to destitution, has Certainly ; but it is a smaller lately had all its misfortunes clearly matter-only one recitation. I know traced by the authorities to an unit is not quite right, but, under exist- governable passion for novel-reading ing circumstances, we seem to be entertained by the wife and mother. compelled to yield.”

The husband was sober and indus“Circumstances never justify sin- trious, but his wife was indolent, and ning, and a small sin is truly against addicted to reading everything proGod as a large one."

curable in the shape of a romance. When it became known that one This led her to utterly neglect her man of courage had refused to join husband, herself, and her eight chilthe combination, others regretted dren. One daughter, in despair, fled the step they had taken, and the the parental home and threw herself result was, that without any effort into the haunts of vice. Another on his part, the combination was was found by the police chained by dissolved, and the work went on as the legs, to prevent her from followusual,

The foiled leaders looked ing her sister's example. The house coldly upon him for a time, but the exhibited the most offensive appearbulk of the class felt their respect for ance of filth and indigence. In the him greatly increased. For the re- midst of this pollution, privation, mainder of the college course, he and poverty, the cause of it sat readwas the most influential man in the ing the latest "sensation work” of

the season, and refused to allow herIt is a sad thing that there should self to be disturbed in her entertainbe so great a lack of moral courage ment,

class.

Is it possible to conceive of a more deplorable or a more revolting picture? Are you, my dear friend, intent on supplying a counterpart to it? If not, I beseech you, at once

turn from this font of moral poison ! Hoping to hear of your triumph through the help of God, I remain, Your affectionate Uncle,

T. C.

The Letter Box.

ASTRONOMICAL LESSONS.—THE EXTENT OF TIIE CREATION. When a telescope of only moderate should still find stars barely visible power is directed to the clear mid- as points of light. As their faintness night sky, it reveals to us the exist- must be owing to their immense disence of worlds before unknown, and tance from us; and as the furthest even unsuspected. The stars visible reach of ordinary glasses still shows to the unassisted eye have been these faintest points of light, the arranged in six classes, according to question very naturally arises, Is their relative brilliancy; those barely there any boundary to the creation ? perceptible being comprised in the This question suggested itself to the last, or sixth class. Before the in- mind of the elder Herschel, as one vention of the telescope, these were eminently worthy of investigation. supposed to be the smallest, or most To its solution he brought all the distant parts of the creation. Should powers of a well-trained mind, and we now apply to the field of view a the best appliances of modern art. telescope of only such power that We cannot, in this paper, follow him these stars of the sixth order, when in his most interesting researches. seen through it, should appear only Results only can be stated. a little brighter than stars of the What is called the space-penetrafirst order do when viewed the ting power of a telescope, depends unassisted eye, we should be able to upon the size of the aperture, or form a descending series of teles- opening, through which the light copic stars, similar to that previously passes on entering the tube. Ву described. Thus stars of the first varying the size of this aperture to telescopic order, would constitute a suit his purpose, Herschel succeeded seventh order in the entire series ; in "gauging the heavens," as he and the faintest stars, as seen with termed it, in nearly every direction. this power of the telescope, would When he employed a low spaceconstitute the twelfth class of the penetrating power, he found indisentire series. By increasing the tinct points of light within the field power of the telescope, the same pro- of view, but apparently immensely eess may be carried on to the twenty- distant. A higher space-penetrating fourth order ; and, indeed, to any power revealed these very distinctly | order desired. With the highest

as stars; but showed other faint powers of our ordinary telescopes we points still more remote. These, in

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turn, yielded to a still higher power ; 'but revealed others yet more distant. He continued this process until, in certain directions, he found no more of these indistinct points of light; nor did any increase of space-penetrating power afterwards disclose any in that direction. He therefore concluded that in that direction, at least, he had reached the boundary of the great star-cluster to which we belong. In other directions, the faint star-points were still discernible. But persevering in his attempts, he at length succeeded in finding å boundary, in nearly every direction, to the great bed of stars in which the sun is situated. This bed of stars, or star-cluster, he denominated à UNIVERSE. Taking the distance of the faintest star distinguishable by the unaided vision as a measuring unit, he found there were stars belonging to our universe more than twelve times more remote.

And that light, although it travels with the amazing velocity of nearly 200,000 miles in a single second of time, would require more than 10,000 years to pass from one extremity of our great star-cluster to the other! This great star-cluster, or universe, he supposed, contains not less than twenty millions of stars. When we remember that each of these is a sun, probably equal, if not superior, to our own in magnitude and brilliancy, and may be attended by a family of planets as numerous as that which encircles our own central orb, what a field is opened before us, in which to behold the infiniteness of the great God!

Truly, in our Father's house are many mansions.

we may have reached

the boundaries of our star-cluster, we have by no means reached the confines of the creation. Vast and incomprehensible as is the universe we have been describing, it is but one of many such universes known to exist. Not less than 3,000 such have been discovered. Many of these appear equal in richness, if not superior to our own. If we estimate our cluster to contain 20,000,000 stars, and each of the other 3,000 clusters to be no richer, we have spread out before us, in the vast regions of space, thousands of millions of suns, all the workmanship of the adorable Creator, and all sustained by His infinite power. The most distant of these universes appear like faint clouds or patches of light, even when viewed through the most powerful glasses yet constructed. So far removed are some of them, that Dr. Nichols estimates their light would require no less a period than thirty millions of years to reach the earth! We have no reason to suppose that even these lie on the confines of the creation. With each successive improvement of the telescope, new reaches have been made into the hitherto unlimited regions of occupied space. And we have no reason to suppose that similar results will not follow hereafter. Indeed, Creation, like its Author, seems to be everywhere present; and to be a tangible evidence of His own omnipotence, omniscience, and omnipresence. For nothing less than these could call into being and sustain such a fabric as that temple of the heavens we have been contemplating; each stone of which is itself a universe.

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