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the world would have anything to dread; he can form no plan stretching into future years, on which the world would look with hope or fear. He will indeed be respected if he is virtuous but he will not be feared if he is wicked; and whether the one or the other, the weapon which he strikes in favour of virtue or vice, will be but a reed.

We may love him as a father, venerate him as a sage, honour him for his past services, or pity him on account of his infirmities; but we cease to rely on his arm in the defence of his country, or his eloquent voice in favour of a righteous cause; and we cease to dread him as a foe. Not so, however, with a young

Everything is passing into his hands.-- The key of every warehouse, of every bank, and of every insurance office, every professor's chair, every deed and every bond and mortgage; all the endowments of colleges and asylums; our libraries, our dwellings, our farms, our gardens; all the offices of the city and of the nation; all the enterprises of national improvement, and all the plans of benevolence-fruits of many prayers and of thoughtful wisdom

all these things are soon to be committed to young men. In every pulsation of the heart of a young man, therefore; in every plan that he forms; in the development of every feeling and purpose, the community has the deepest interest. And when the eye is dim with age, and the frame is weak and palsied, if there is anything that will kindle up that eye with momentary brilliancy, or inspirit that frame, it is the expanding virtue of a son, and the feeling that the coming generation will not be unworthy to receive a trust so dear to a departing Christian and patriot. So the aged patriarch Jacob when he was borne down under a weight of years, and he felt that he was about to die, assembled his sons around him; and, animated by the prospects before them, his departing soul was stirred within him. He pronounced his last benediction in language of the loftiest prophetic inspiration and committed to them the great interests of truth and of religion, and having made an end of commanding his sons, he gathered up his feet into the bed, and yielded up the ghost, and was gathered peacefully unto his people,


The Letter Box.

WORK TO DO, WHEN I look upon the large masses individual member of this large of people filling our places of wor- family is born for some specific purship, or thronging our busy streets; pose, and that the great Creator of when I hear of the teeming popu. mankind never intended one single lation of other lands, of India's soul of these to be a mere cypher in millions, of China's myriads, the his universe. thought crosses my mind that each There is a work to do. The four

winds of heaven waft the sound thereof to us; ocean's water bears it on its bosom; the glorious sun, the pale moon, and the bright starry firmament of heaven tell us the same. There is a work to do. All nature rings with the sound; the beasts of the earth, the fowls of the air, the fish of the sea cry shame on the man who has nothing to do. The grass which clothes the fields, the waving corn, the rustling leaves, the murmuring brook, all speak to us in accents soft and mild, that while they work, man was not made to be idle.

There is work for all. The strong know it, for they have been endowed with strength to do something; the learned know it, for their minds have been allowed to grasp intellectual knowledge for some purpose ; the rich know it, for wherefore hath God given them wealth and influence ? Christians know it, for they have been with Jesus, and learnt of him, and he was never idle.

Work for all—for the poor, the weak, the sick, the afflicted. Though the talent be small, it is not to be wrapped in a napkin ; though opportunities be few, they are not to be despised; though influence be weak, by Him who is all in all strength shall be made perfect in weakness. Work for all. The ener, gies of youth, the prime of manhood, and the age of hoary hairs, may find an object for life, and one worth living for.

And for what work are we created? Is it to while away the precious hours of life in indolence, debauchery, and crime? Is it that we may live to glorify self, and to follow the

vain pleasures of earth? Or is it that, by dint of hard labour, we may scrape together some of this world's goods ? Can it be possible that He who is too wise to err, and too good to be unkind, could form man in his own image, crowning him with glory and honour, making him a little lower than the angels, and have no higher object than this? We think, we know, it is not so. There is a nobler work planned out for him than this; for his intellectual powers are formed to soar far above the low and grovelling pleasures of earth, and his affections can be so moulded that they may cleave to things which are heavenly and Divine.

He has a work, and an important one too, to do for himself. This world is not his final rest, but whatever his actions be, he raises a hope that, if there be another state after death, his may be a happy one. With few exceptions, the whole world believes in this doctrine of a future state; the Christian knows to a certainty that there is a heaven to which he would attain, a state where all is pure and holy, and upon which none can enter but those who are prepared. Here, then, is one part of man's work. By the help of God, and through the blood of the Saviour, he has to school himself in this vale of tears, and so to walk that, as he goes on his journey, his will may be made more and more like unto the will of his Father who is in heaven; that his affections may be weaned from earthly vanities, and fully set on things above ; that all his aspirations may be heavenward, and the whole tenor of his life tend to meeten and fit him for the glorious mansions prepared. And this is no easy task, for he has to master his own deceitful heart, and to conquer his great enemies, the world, the flesh, and the devil. Let the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, the pride of life, oppose him as they may, he must do battle against them. A glorious strife this, against principalities, powers, and spiritual wickedness in high places ; a battle worth engaging in this, for he who puts on and still wears the whole armour of God shall assuredly gain the victory, through Jesus, who has loyed him; and the reward will make up for all—a crown of glory that fadeth not away. So that he who works aright for himself shall get unto himself great honour and rejoicing.


Every man has a work to do for the good of his fellow men. This is a threefold duty; there is the sinner to be converted, the ignorant to be taught, and suffering humanity to be relieved.

Since the fall of our first parents, this world has overflowed with sin, and a constant warfare has been going on between the God of truth and his followers on the one hand, and the father of lies and his servants on the other. It is still raging; in every inhabited part of the globe the clash of arms in this cause is heard; and though we know that the cause of truth will ultimately triumph, yet the day still seems far distant. Ought not, then, those who side with the Almighty to come forward and boldly enlist themselves under his banner, and to go forth, not with hatred and malice in their

hearts, but with love filling their souls, and endeavour, not with violent force and fraud, but by calm and gentle persuasion, to bring over some of their deluded brethren to the same cause? Thousands around us are running, sinking, falling into the grave of dark despair. Onght we not, then, brother Christians, to stretch forth a kind hand, and try to draw some back before it be for ever too late? Never can a man say there is no work to do till all have learnt a Saviour's love, and know and feel the same in their hearts.

No work to do! and yet men thirst for knowledge, knowing not what they want. Thousands of noble minds lie buried in the sand, because there are none to uncover them, none to bring them into play. If all the mass of intellect now resting in obscurity could at once be brought into daylight, what a glorious change would speedily come over this earth! Ignorance would be for ever banished; new inventions and new discoveries springing up must effect some mighty revolution, and men be raised higher in the social scale. And why might not this be? It is because men will not work for one another as they ought. One here and another there throws his whole heart into it; but what is one, yea, a hundred, amongst so many? While men will still take their ease, eat, drink, and be merry, for self alone, the world must still go on as it has hitherto done; and until the masses will bestir them. selves, until the Church of God shall send forth still more of her members to labour in the vineyard,

the work of enlightening mankind as a whole must progress very slowly.

But there is a work to do in another way. The halt, the maimed, the blind, the sick, the destitute people of all our towns, and villages, and cities; and the philanthropist finds here a good field for labour. How he works it would be impossible to tell,.but work he does, in a thousand different ways, suited to the cases he has to deal with. He can work without money, without great learning, without great influence. Give him but a heart brim full of love for his Saviour and his fellows, and he wants nothing more to teach him what to do. A cup of cold water to a thirsty traveller costs him nought, while it calls a blessing on his head; a word of sympathy or a look of love requires no study, though it may heal a broken heart.

Besides labouring for himself and others, man has to work for his Maker, and this he does directly and indirectly. Man works directly for God when he fulfils his duty as a Christian and a man, obeying the commandments laid down for him. He works in this way when he does all in his power to forward his own

salvation or that of others as a matter of duty and principle, or when he does a single act of good to any of God's creatures because he ought to do it, or being the result of gratitude in his own heart. And he labours indirectly when, without his own consent or assent, perhaps without his own knowledge, he is made the instrument in the hands of God of effecting some purpose or design.

As various as are God's dealings, so various are the means he employs; and we can venture to believe that with every man, whether good or bad, he has done some act which, in a greater or less degree, has influenced his own creatures.

Let every man, then, remember that he must work, that he must do something. He may not shirk the duty; he cannot escape the reality. It is, therefore, important that we ask ourselves what we are doing, whether our work be good or bad, whether it be for God directly or indirectly. Are we doing our best ? And let us, too, unite our energies in a good work, so that it may be more effectual, and that we may encourage one another. May our work ever be such that Jehovah can bless with his smile!

C. A. P.

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DR. TYNG ON “OLD WOMEN.” THE following remarks were made Dr. Tyng's address, being to old by the Rev. Dr. Tyng, of New York, women, was on “Old Women," at the anniversary of the Associa- suiting the subject to the object. tion for the Relief of Respectable He began by quoting from the ScripAged Indigent Females, in that tures Christ's declaration, “The city.

poor ye have always with you.”



He said that all the poor appeal to charity, but particularly the aged poor, and of these still more particularly the female aged poor.

“ The hoary head is a crown of righteous

Nothing is more respected in a private family than the old grandmother who sits in the centre of its circle. I would not, said he, give up the worth of my children's grandmother in my house for the best and handsomest young woman in the land.

An old Christian woman's life, as it is oftentimes exhibited in the household, is one of the most beautiful lessons which Providence ever teaches us. There is something very attractive in the opening of early buds, but there is something very suggestive when they wither and fade. The flowers around my church, which were blooming last week, were this morning dead. Look while you can at thc full-blown flowers, for they will not last. Do what you can for an old Christian woman, for she is soon gone. Bless her to-day, for she may not have to-morrow to be blessed. Comfort her to-day, for she may be beyond the reach of comfort to-morrow. Old women have few attractions of personal beauty, but they often have a moral attractiveness which

than makes up for it. The skin is wrinkled, and has lost its flush; but God then sends an expression of kindness and sweetness to cover it. It is said in some of the English stories that men, in entering into matrimony, make a contract with the mother-in-law, that she may come on certain days, and so often. But when that man comes to have a

family of children, he will send for their grandmother to come and take care of them.

There is a great difference between old women and old men. . The Bible speaks of “mothers in Israel.” Does it anywhere speak of “fathers in Israel ?” A man, when he is old, and gives up business, or retires," becomes imperious, uneasy, and unpleasant. He withdraws himself into habits of introversion. If he is a cigar-smoker, he smokes all the day long. If he is a newspaper reader, he reads it through every day, advertisements and all. Or else you will often catch him downtown in his own or somebody else's counting-house. He is uneasy if he is not there, and you will generally find it most comfortable to let him be there. The only way to get work out of an old horse is to keep him at work; and the only way to make an old man worth anything is to keep him busy.

An old soap-boiler in this city retired from business to a country residence in Staten Island, to “take it easy ;' but he soon got sick, and sent to town for Dr. Hosack. The doctor went to see him, and wrote out a prescription, “Go back to New York, and take a turn again at boiling soap.” Old men get gouty, they are continually getting cold; the draught somehow always will be blowing on their necks. This is the reason why we don't hear of "fathers in Israel ;" but, dear me! I can take you round St. George's Church, and show you whole scores of “ mothers in Israel."

True benevolence is kindness toward those who can never pay


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