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finished; we saw many completed; and we received the very same account here that we did at Kolobeng, that the bird comes forth when the young are fully fledged, at the period when the corn is ripe. Indeed, her appearance abroad with her young is one of the signs they have for knowing when it ought to be So. As that is about the end of April, the time is between two and three months. She is said sometimes to hatch two eggs, and when the young of these are full-fledged, other two are just out of the eggshells; she then leaves the nest with the two elder, the orifice is again plastered up, and both male and female attend to the wants of the young which are left. SINGING BIRDS IN THE TROPICS.
The birds of the tropics have been described as generally wanting in power of song. I was decidedly of opinion that this was not applicable to many parts in Londa, though birds there are remarkably scarce. Here the chorus, or body of song, was not much smaller in volume than it is in England. It was not so harmonious, and sounded always as if the birds were singing in a foreign tone. Some resemble the lark,
and, indeed, there are several of that family. Two have notes not unlike those of the thrush. One brought the chaffinch to my mind, and another the robin; but their songs are intermixed with several curious abrupt notes unlike anything English. One utters deliberately “peek, pak, pok;" another has a single note like a stroke on a violin string. The mokwa reza gives forth a screaming set of notes like our blackbird when disturbed, then concludes with what the natives say is “pula, pula” (rain, rain), but more like “weep, weep, weep.” Then we have the loud cry of francolins, the "pumpura, pumpura” of turtle-doves, and the "chiken, chiken, chik, churr,churr,” of the honey-guide. Occasionally, near villages, we have a kind of mocking-bird, imitating the calls of domestic fowls. These African
birds have not been wanting in song, they have only lacked poets to sing their praises, which ours have had from the time of Aristophanes downwards. Ours have both a classic and a modern interest to enhance their fame. In hot dry weather, or at mid-day, when the sun is fierce, all are still; let, however, a good shower fall, and all burst forth at once into merry lays and loving courtship. The early mornings and the cool evenings are their favourite times for singing. There are comparatively few with gaudy, plumage, being totally unlike, in this respect, the birds of the Brazils. The majority have decidedly a sober dress, though collectors, having generally selected the gaudiest as the most valuable, have conveyed the idea that the birds of the tropics for the most part possess gorgeous plumage.
PORCUPINE CATERPILLARS. Several of my men have been bitten by spiders and other insects, but no effect except pain has followed. A large caterpillar is frequently seen, called lezuntabuen. It is covered with long grey hairs; and, the body being dark, it resembles a porcupine in miniature. If one touches it, the hairs run into the pores of the skin, and remain there, giving sharp pricks. There are others which have a similar means of defence; and when the hand is drawn across them, as in passing a bush on which they happen to be, the contact resembles the stinging of nettles. From the great number of caterpillars seen, we have a considerable variety of butterflies. One particular kind flies more like a swallow than a butterfly.
LIP PUNCTURING. The women on the south side of the Zambesi have only a small puncture in the upper lip, in which they insert a little button of tin. The perforation is made by degrees, a ring with an opening to it being attached to the lip, and the ends squeezed gradually together.
THE HALF-CROWN AND SHILLING AGAIN.
little readers will you been, my young friend, since remember the conversation which you and I last met together ? once took place between a half- S.-Oh, I've been nearly everycrown and a shilling, in the corner where. of a certain rich man's pocket. H.-And done nearly everything, Well, one day some time after, the I suppose ? same half-crown was quietly musing S.- No, no, I don't say that; but on his own thoughts at the bottom I've done a great deal, notwithof a certain cash-box, when suddenly standing. the lid was opened, and a shilling H.-Well, let us have it. But I came tumbling upon him, where- say, Master Twelvepence, don't be upon the following conversation proud of yourself and your doings;
remember the pennies and farthings. Half-Crown.-Oh, oh dear! I S.-Now, Mr. Half-Crown, you're say, my young friend, mind my making game of me. head, will you: gently, gently, A.-No, indeed, I'm not, my young shilling.
young friend ; but even if I were, Shilling.- Well, I declare! I
your philosophy surely could bear know that voice. Why, it's the
laughing at sometimes. half-crown again; I'm so glad. I $.-Oh, yes, I had forgotten ask your pardon, Mr. Half-Crown; that. However, to begin: I've been master threw me in; I couldn't through thirty-five cash-boxes; I've help it. You are not hurt, are you? been given to six collections; I've But I say, Mr. Half-Crown, don't been rung on thirteen counters; you know me? I'm the shilling. and do you know, Mr. Half-Crown,
H.-What shilling? I see you I rung so merrily and clearly, they are a shilling
all said, “Ah, he's a good one. S.-Yes, yes, but I am the shil- But shall I go on? ling—the shilling you enlightened H.-Oh, yes, by all means. so much one day with your philo- 8.-Well, I have also bought sophy. Don't you remember, eh? bread for ten families, and helped Don't you remember master's dark to pay a whole lot of grocers', and pocket, and the sovereigns,
and the butchers', and tailors' bills besides. five-pound notes, and the Bank of H.-Then I must say you have England twenties, and the pennies been a very useful little shilling; and farthings too?
quite a fortune in yourself. But H.-Oh, yes, I remember some- surely that is not all you've done; thing about it now, although I have what about your philosophy? had many a shilling in hand since S. -Oh, yes, the philosophy. then.
Why, I've always been cheerful S.-Have you ? And I have had and happy, and kept a bright and many a half-crown in hand, and I smiling face wherever I have been, told them all you told me. Oh, whoever has had me, and however didn't they laugh, and say, “Good, they have used me, because I felt I good!”
was a good shilling, and was deterH.-Well, come now, I'm glad to mined to do as much good as any hear that, because I think that all shilling in the world possibly could of us, viz., shillings, half-crowns, do. Everybody seemed glad to sovereigns, five-pound notes, Bank
have me. of England twenties, yes, and pen- H.-Well, I must say, your phinies and farthings too, may do some losophy has taught you the art of good in the world. But where have contentment.
8.--Yes, truly; and I think it $ also taught me humility. Why, you know, Mr. Half-Crown, ve actually talked to pennies and things, and five-pound notes, too. I.-But you don't surely call it humility, to talk to five-pound tes, do you? Why, sovereigns ald be glad to do that, and would | proud of it, too. -Yes, yes, I know, but I talked
humbly, and they always med pleased to see me, because old them a very wise and good f-crown had taught me y wise and good things. 1.-Come, come, young Twelve1ce; you are not a flatterer, are 4-Oh, no; I love my teacher much for that. The fact is, I Very anxious to teach others at he has taught me, that they o may learn to live wisely and 11, as I have learned to do. H.- Well, if you really mean that, must confess you have proved urself an apt scholar and a clever ling, and have learned, no doubt, t a little philosophy may go a way, and do a great deal of
in the world, not only among middle classes, viz., of us halfwas and shillings, or among the ter classes, viz., of the pennies I farthings, but also among the her classes of the aristocracy, of the sovereigns and fiveind notes. But to be serious. Why, are you not always lous, Mr. Half-Crown? L-Yes, I trust so ; for you must ow one can smile and be serious, well as weep and be serious. en to be impressive, if you don't o the term serious,-to be imssive, you see what' a great deal good a little thing may do, and i the good we do to-day canngt te out the good we did yesterday, I need not prevent the good we
do to-morrow. -Yes, I often think of that, I feel glad sometimes I am a lling, and not a penny or a far1.-Hush, hush! you forget what told you about pennies and far
things. I believe that pennies, in their day, have made more hearts glad than we shillings and halfcrowns, or perhaps than yonder golden guineas and five-pound notes in the Bank have done.
S.- Ah, Mr. Half-Crown, I see what you mean; you mean little boys' hearts, when they have had pennies and halfpennies given them for sweetmeats.
H.-Oh, no, my young friend; not quite so fast; I just don't mean that. I mean the hearts of the poor, who may hope for pennies, and ask for pennies, and get pennies, when they cannot hope for shillings, or ask for shillings, or get shillings.
S.-Ah, I didn't think of that.
H.-Well, that is another feather in the cap of your philosophy, viz., that the greatest things in this world are not always the best, and don't always do the most good; and on the other hand, that the meanest things are not always the most to be despised. S.-Yes, yes,
I like that ; I'll tell the five-pound notes that when I meet them.
H.-But remember your humility, my dear shilling, and tell the pennies also; I am afraid you're proud of your five-pound note acquaint
S.-Oh, no, I'm not; and you yourself, Mr. Half-Crown, told 'me the other day, that true philosophy always looks above, as well as below itself.
H.-No, I did not; I told you that true philosophy always looks below, as well as above itself.
S.-Well, isn't that the same thing?
H.-Not exactly; we are always ready to look above ourselves, and true philosophy teaches us to look below as well as above ourselves. S.-Oh, yes,
I see it now, Mr. Half-Crown. But may I give you a little of my experience ?
H.-Certainly you may; but be quick about it.
S.-Well, one day I was talking to a lot of threepennies and fourpennies on a collection plate, where
there was only one half-crown, a cousin of yours; and they said to me, “Now, doesn't that half-crown look very proud ? though he's no occasion, because at best he's only worth ten threepennies or seven and a half fourpennies.”.
H.-And what did my cousin say to them?
S.-He said he was very much surprised that they had so soon forgotten the excellent discourse about charity to which they had just been listening ; he told them he was not thinking at all about his own worth, but about the good he should be able to do to the poor, on whose behalf his mistress had just given him. I remember his words very well; shall I repeat them?
H.-By all means; perhaps you will be able to teach me something now, in return for what I have taught you.
S.-No, no, I can't teach my teacher. Well, he said, “Now, my dear young friends, neither you threepennies, nor fourpennies, nor we half-crowns, nor that shilling there, were made to be thrown away on trifles, but to do as much good in the world as we can; and that's why we are here on this collection plate this morning. This collection is for a poor orphans' asylum, and I am a poor widow's offering; she was once a poor little orphan herself, and God has been very good to her, and sent her some good kind friends, who put her in this same asylum; and she wanted to show her gratitude to God by sending good to others : so as she passed by the plate this morning, she dropped me in very quietly, out of her hard earnings; and I am sure that such an offering, from such a poor woman, for such a good object, will be acceptable to God, and useful to man, although you say I look very proud.'
H.-Andweren't the threepennies and fourpennies ashamed of themselves ?
S.- Why, I don't know for that, but they all clustered round the half-crown, although some of them looked rather moist about the eyes, as if they had been crying; and we
all clinked loudly and merrily as the collector tumbled us
on the table among the coppers, and the crowns, and the sovereigns; there we were, quite happy, farthings and all, because we were all engaged in the same charitable purpose, viz., the glory of God, and the good of the poor orphan.
H.-Well, now, there you had a fine lesson on Christian charity.
S.-Yes, indeed, Mr. Half-Crown; and do you know, I like to be given at a collection, and I think I should if I were a sovereign, or a fivepound note.
H.--Perhaps so; but your motive and intention are just as good though you are only a shilling, and not a sovereign or a five-pound note. However, just one word: I hear master unlocking the cash-box; perhaps we shall be separated now ! for ever.
Make haste and tell me what you've learned from your philosophy this morning.
S.-Let me see : first, I've learned contentment, viz., to keep myself quite cheerful and happy, wherever my lot is cast, whoever has me, and however they use me. Second, I've learned humility, viz., to look at those who are below me, as well as at those who are above me.
H.-But what does that mean?
S.-Why, it means I must not despise my farthing friends, while talking to my five-pound note acquaintances.
H.-Exactly so. Well, go on.
S.-And, third, I've learned charity, viz., to do good to all, to be kind to all, to think charitably of all; that's all.
H.-Stay, stay, my young friend, not quite so fast; you've forgotten two things.
S.-Indeed, Mr.Half-Crown, have I ? what are they?
H.-First, you have forgotten fidelity to your principles, viz.,
have learned a good thing, not to care at all if the careless and the ignorant laugh at you, and deride you; and, second, you have forgotten perseverance in welldoing at all times, for I must tell you that true philosophy and sound
gospel, rather than the voice of your wicked companions; and to walk in the narrow path that leads to happiness and heaven, rather than in the broad way that leads to destruction and to hell. On this point the apostle James writes, i Blessed is the man that endureth temptation ; for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him,” Jas. i. 12.
And, 5. Perseverance in welldoing, viz., to keep your hearts alive, and your hands at work, in the service of God, and for the good of your fellow-men. Solomon says, “Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might, for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom in the grave, whither thou goest,” Eccl. ix. 10. Do this, my little friends, and then your reward will be at last, “Well done, good and faithful servant; enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.”
principles always keep the heart alive and the hands at work. But now I'm going ; farewell, fareweli; remember these five things, my dear shilling, viz., contentment, humility, charity, fidelity, and perseverance in well-doing; and they will keep you happy and useful to the end, wherever your lot is cast.
Well, now, my little friends, I wish you to carry away with you these five useful lessons from the narrative of the Half-Crown and Shilling :
1. Contentment, viz., to keep yourselves cheerful and happy wherever your lot may be cast in this world, that in due time you may learn to say, as the apostle did, “I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content,” Phil. iv. 11.
2. Humility, viz., not to think more highly of yourselves than you ought to think, nor to look down with scorn and contempt upon those who are beneath you, while looking up for the friendship and favour of those who are above you. On this point the apostle Peter says, “Yea, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility; for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble. Humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt
you in due tine,” 1 Pet. v. 5. 3. Charity, viz., to do good to all, to be kind to all, to think charitably of all. On this point the apostle Paul says, “Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing, 1 Cor. xiii. 1, 2. And this commandment we have from. God, as the apostle John tells us, “ that he who loveth God must love his brother also.”
4. Fidelity to your principles, viz., to obey the voice of God, and the word of his grace, that is, the
A TOUCHING INCIDENT. A LITTLE boy had died. His body was laid out in a darkened room, waiting to be laid in the cold, lone grave.
His afflicted mother and bereaved little sister went in to look at the sweet face of the precious sleeper, for his face was beautiful even in death. As they stood gazing on the face of one so beloved and cherished, the little girl asked to shake his hand. The mother at first did not think it best, but the child repeated the request, and seemed very anxious about it. She took the cold, bloodless hand of her sleeping boy, and placed it in the hand of his weeping sister.
The dear child looked at it a moment, caressed it fondly, and then looked up to her mother through tears and love, and said, “Mother, this hand never struck me."
A NAME IN THE SAND. ALONE I walk'd the ocean strandA pearly shell was in my hand; I stoop'd, and wrote upon the sand
My name-the year--the day. As onward from the spot I passid, One lingering look behind I cast;