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15. Susiul purpose as steadily pursued as it had been wisely formed. He held that

bue university is not the handmaid, but the nursing-mother of literature: her office is not to teach only, but to regulate and guide, sometimes encouraging that which is unduly appreciated, restraining within limits that which is valued beyond " its wortli. To lay firmly and broadly the foundations of stich an 'insti. tution requires a clear and impartial view of education and the requirements of oriríowbage, a forethought which ventures to surrender a present auvantage to a distant and prospectivel good, a courage which, in seeking to convince and persuade, shrinks not, if need be, from misunderstanding and reproach.”.

{ Such was the spirit in which he undertook his mission. Such was the spirit in which he worked out the great problem given him to do, viza, in a new and untried institution to mark out and pre

the boundaries of education and secular instruction." After a long sea-voyage, having taken farewell of friends, and having mated himself to a wife of worth and intelligence, in Augast 1852 he passed from the winds and swells of the Pacific, round Middle Head, and sighted Macquarrie Tower, the lighthouse on South Head, and steamed into Sydney Cove. He was among new men, strange faces, other minds." The harbour and city delighted and amazed him. The beauties of nature and the works of men united to astonish and entrance him. “The stately stores and sumptuous structures” of the city gave evidence of commercial prosperity and advancing civilization. He saw not gin-palaces and taverns merely, but, “ in numbers which may challenge comparison with Europe, bookshops abundantly and judiciously supplied with varied intellectual food.” These helped to give him hope, and to dispel " the rising misgiving lest the lust of gold had choked the desire of mental improvement." He was welcomed fondly, was adopted at once by the heart of the colony, and found himself “at home,” with strange emotions of change within him, and high hopes bounding in his breast, as the full stretch of his ambitious project opened up to him-to plant amidst the other “ seeds of vast and momentous change” a seminary of “ learning and science” where civilization had shot up in rank luxuriancy.

On the 11th October, 1852, the ceremonial inauguration of the University of Sydney took place. Impressive as this was as a spectacle, it was much more so." by its moral significance.” As principal of the university'it fell to him to deliver an inaugural oration. This was done with modesty, effect, and taste. He spoke as one who owed "whatever is most cherished in the past, or brightest in the future, to an English college;" and "as the representative, not only of one of our ancient universities, but of the oldest collegiate corporation in Christendom," come " to congratulate this far-off, youngest accession to the sacred sisterhood.” He invoked the memory of Alfred the Great, and the spirit of "the noble and good schoolmaster, Thomas Arnold ;” and expressed a hope “ that ere this generation has passed away, the waters of the Parramatta river, or the quiet bays of our beautiful harbour, will mirror in their crystal depths many a reverend chapel, and pictured hall and solemn cloister, and pleasant garden, like those which gem the margin of the Isis and the Cam." The entire composition is pure

in taste and excellent in' matter, and we cannot but imagine that a strange wild throb of enthusiastic rapture must have rushed through the hearts of the students then, when they heard his voice saying, “ Onward with your untarnished but yet, undecorated shield, in the proud and high resolve, that whatever has already been achieved by your predecessors in the field of glory,--that, by God's blessing, Sydney university shall achieve."

From this oration we quote the following passages cognate to our purpose as recorders of the thoughts of modern logicians.” Speaking of the intended disciplinal course of the university-the study of classics, with logic and mental philosophy; and mathemátics, with the elements of physical science, he says,

" Singly powerful, but partial and one-sided, they form; united, a perfect discipline of reflection. How, except through mathemnatical babit, should we attain that power of abstraction, of sustained attention, of patient reasoning long drawn out; every link in the cbain, so essential, that the slightest error invalidates and breaks the whole ? Mathematics is the discipline of necessary reasoning; philology of the probable and contingent. Speech is the vehicle and outward form of thought, as the body to the soul; as in the features of the face we love to read the characters of the mind, so in the aralysis of speech is involved the observation of the facts of thought; and in the marvellous languages of Greece and Rome, with their minutely delicate inflections, their profound und subtle syntax, their allsufficing apparatus for expressing the variations of ideas, we possess, as it were, an authentic and stereotyped record of mental operations in the most intellectually gifted people of the earth. Thus, whether we analyse the formation of words, and, comparing the members of a common family, or teaching the changes of meaning in a single term, investigate the association and connection of ideas, or in the laws of syntactical arrangement develop the fundamental principles of inward discourse, we are, by healtby but not painful effort, practised to turn the mind back upon itself, to learn the rudiments of our internal being, to place our feet upon the thresbold of that boly portal which bids us, as the end of all knowledge, to make acquaintance with ourselves.

* The science of the laws of thought, that faculty by which alone man is distinguished, is of so plain and palpable an importance. that despite the proverbial disinclination of our English race to purely intellectual pursui's, an explanation must be sought of its long-continued neglect and disrepute in England. And in this explanation is involved the disciplinal import of our experimental teaching. All sciences, as of the outward world, so equally of that within us, can be rigbtly and sately pursued only by the method of experiment and induction; not the knowledge of nature alope, but of language, of reasoning, of metaphysical truth, must be equally and alike attained by a careful analysis of observed phenomena. But to subject to a real analysis the phenomena of consciousness is of all tasks the most difficult ; that partiality which is the inherent vice of the human mind, aggravated by circumstances and inveterate association, presents a temptation from which few can escape, to a one-sided contemplation of our mental states; por do the conclusions which follow our hypothesis avail to warn us of our error, and guide back to trath.

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90.4 Real and important as is the influence of speculative opinion upon the daily lives of men, it is neither direct nor immediate. Few are the theorists who recognise the ultimate tendency of their favourite principles; by a fortunate inconsistency we daily reconcile practical soberness with theoretic falsebood : generations must elapse before the sensuism of Locke and idealism of Berkeley attain that development which they always logically involved. Even, therefore,

those who acknowledge the inductive character of mental philosophy are in continual danger of falsifying their profession by vague and arbitrary speculation: and of this weakness what corrective can be found more efficacious than the experimental observation of physical facts? The physical philosopher will not lightly build upon an uncertain or incomplete induction; he knows by the evidence of his senses the necessity of a scrupulous and thorough analysis; he has learned that the minutest error, the most trifling addition, diminutiou, omission, is enough to render all his labour vain; he has seen a variation, in proportion alone, convert a wholesume patriment into a deadly poison ; the change of a single element entirely reverse the properties of a compound body. Nor is this less true in mental facts; not less true, but less readily perceived, unless clearly and unequivocally recalled to our attention. Whilst I, therefore, on this occasion pass by for a time the consideratiou of the independent purposes and intrinsic importance of this science, we cannot but recognise the soundness of that decision which has included in a comprebensive and balanced mental discipline, at least, an elementary acquaintance with physical experiments."

“The name of Woolley will be cherished," said W. C. Windeyer, Esq., “as his who first infused into the teaching at Sydney univer. sity the love of truth that dreads no discussion of first principles, of liberty which teaches toleration to all, and that spirit of love for men which makes all gifts but trusts for the benefit of others.” Sir Charles Nicholson, who had the advantage of long personal intercourse with him and his family,” bears testimony, " that he possessed qualities of mind, high attainments, an unselfish and genial disposition, and a goodness of heart which won the admiration and secured the love of all who enjoyed communion with him;" and that “he succeeded in a very marked degree in winning to himself, and, moulding the tastes and character of the young men placed under his care. The gentleness--almost feminine-of his nature, the warmth and generosity of his heart, his distinguished attainments as a scholar, and the eloquence and earnestness with which he was wont to impart instruction, not only to the undergraduates of the university but to the members of various popular institutions with which he was connected, are well known, and will be long remembered.” W. B. Dalley, Esq., speaks to a similar effect: "The class-room of mechanics yearning for instruction was to him a place as full of interest as the studious cloister of the university.” • With all his wondrous and varied scholarship, he lived as earnestly and as conscientiously in the present as the man whose intellect had never been distracted by the splendours of antique civilization. Amidst all his numerous engagements he found time to place his incomparable scholarship and his religious earnestness hat the service of the bumblest of his fellow-citizens. 6. He ever gave you,” Mr. Windeyer said, “the best of his thoughts. He was

** Dr.

7a$ catholic in his belp as earnest in its giving. The cloistered college, the working-man's club, the mechanics' institute, the temperance movement, young men's associations, and journeymen bakers' efforts at co-operation, all had his earnest advocacy and support. Woolley was known as a public man, taking a wide and earnest view of the great question of public education. His great idea was to connect the primary schools of the country with grammar schools, and the grammar schools with the university; and by a system of rewards to promote from the primary schools of the country those

who by superior ability showed themselves capable and worthy of receiving the highest education the country could give.” “ Whilst his subtle intellect made him perfect in his capacity to expound the logical structure of language as a science, his exquisite taste seized upon all that is beautiful and grand in the literature of the past; and the science of language, under his teaching, was not a mere exercise of the memory, but a severe discipline for the mind. But this was not all. He was ever striving to make his pupils enter into the spirit of the past. The great Greek historian became with him a text-book for the philosophical reading of all history and its teachings. Steeped in the old philosophy, he was conversant with every development of modern thought. The dream of the heathen sage was, under his teaching, the handbook of the Christian thinker.” Such are the opinions formed of this noblehearted and excellent man; and the “Lectures Delivered in Australia,” published in Britain in 1862, amply bear out the evidence quoted regarding his fidelity, scholarship, popular sympathies, liberal and far-reaching thought, honest philanthropy, and pure Christian character.

The volume contains : -- 1st, The inaugural oration, already referred to ; 2nd, A lecture at the Sydney School of Arts, June 1854, on Oral Instruction and Self-culture ; 3rd, The office of Christian Associations towards the State and the Church, delivered before the Young Men's Christian Association at Sydney, June 1855; 4th. A paper from the Sydney University Magazine, on Social Difficulties; 5th, A review of “The selfish Theory of Morals;" 6th, An inaugural address on the connection between Culture and Progress, Civilization and Happiness, delivered at the Maitland School of Arts, April 1857 ; 7th, A lecture introductory to the 25th annual course in the Sydney School of Arts, June 1857; 8th, The Social use of Schools of Art, delivered May 1860; 9th, A critique on • The Idyls of the King," read at the Darling Point Mutual Improvement Association, December 1860. The volume was produced in Britain under the care of Dr. Woolley's steady friend Dean (then Professor) A. P. Stanley.

On the 13th Sept. 1864, he delivered before the School of Arts, Sydney, a lecture on “ Liberty,” which was published by request, and is spoken of as surpassing in merit. We have not been able to procure a copy of it for extract. The intense toil of thirteen years, the exhaustion of spirit resulting from the climate, the filial sorrow which he had experienced in the demise-though after long and and severe suffering-of his mother, and the ambition to make himself acquainted with all that was new in education and thought in Europe, induced him to determine on taking a homeward voyage; this he did, and it was a great joy to him to revisit once more the scenes of his old memories. He was welcomed in the highest circles of British thought and literary effort, and all the intellectual society of his native land was opened up to him. In the delight, almost rising to rapture, of such intercourse, the days fled with amazing rapidity, and he found himself called by duty to return from all this charming and dear literary and scientific communion to the field of effort and labour in the hemisphere where his destiny had placed him. He saw his duty, and resolved to turn his heart to its accomplishment.

“Many friends, with many tempting offers, urged him to stay at home, and still stronger was the temptation of his own nature ; for being a refined and cultivated man himself, he felt keenly the delight of mixing in the society of men of letters. In the friendly assemblies of such men his own excellent qualities of heart and mind made him a welcome guest. His bright, genial, cheering enthusiasm ; his modest originality of mind; and his carefullycultured taste, made companionship with him a refreshing joy. He was small of stature, lithe, and active; the play of his features was facile and flexile, and in repose “ his face was pleasant to look upon.” He was exceedingly careful in details, and gave the minutest attention to everything he took in hand.--he put his heart, as we say, into all he did, or strove to do. He was a warm friend, generous in disposition, and courageously devoted to truth. He disdained to tamper with his convictions, and held himself bound to pursue all thoughts to their legitimate issues. He was religious down to the very depths and up to the utmost heights of his being; but he was not a bigot,-far from it. Christianity seemed to have been transfused into him, and to have entered into vital circulation through his whole nature. He was a man to whom duty was sacred, and in whom the keenest sympathy with heroism and virtue was constantly active. His ideal of life was high, noble, and holy. He strove to be at once childlike and Christlike; to unite earthly with heavenly wisdom.

Exercising the heroism of self-denial, Dr. Woolley made all his preparations for return to duties, which he was never again to undertake. He became a passenger on board the London. Of the terrible agony of the occupants of that vessel the soul-harrowing accounts have already thrilled every heart. We care not to repeat the tragic tale of tempest and terror. The endeavour to realise that awful wreck appals the soul. On Sabbath, 7th Jan. 1866, divine Aervice was held on board the London, Dr. Woolley and the Rev. D. J. Draper taking part in the ministrations. The oracles of God" were never again on a sabbath day “to be spoken and to be heard" by more than nineteen persons in that ship. On

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