Elements of Mental Philosophy

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Harper, 1845 - Intellect - 480 pages

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Contents

Of certain indefinite feelings sometimes ascribed to the touch
44
Relation between the sensation and what is outwardly signified
45
CHAPTER VI
46
Statement of the mode or process in visual perception
47
Of the original and acquired perceptions of sight
48
The idea of extension not originally from sight
49
Of the knowledge of the figure of bodies by the sight
50
Illustration of the subject from the blind
51
Measurements of magnitude by the
52
Of objects seen in a mist 41 Of the sun and moon when seen in the horizon
53
Or the estimation of distances by sight
54
Signs by means of which we estimate distance by sight
55
Estimation of distance when unaided by intermediate objects
56
Of objects seen on the ocean
57
ib 54 55 56 57 CHAPTER VII
58
Of habit in relation to the smell
59
Of habit in relation to the taste
60
Of habit in relation to the hearing
62
Application of habit to the touch
64
Other striking instances of habits of touch
65
Habits considered in relation to the sight
66
Origin of the distinction of simple and complex
67
Sensations may possess a relative as well as positive increase
68
of habits as modified by particular callings and arts
69
The law of habit considered in reference to the perception of the outlines and forms of objects
70
Notice of some facts which favour the above doctrine
71
Additional illustrations of Mr Stewarts doctrine
72
60 62 64 65 66 68 69 70 71 72 CHAPTER VIII
73
Of conceptions of objects of sight
74
Of the influence of habit on our conceptions
76
Influence of habit on conceptions of sight 63 Of the subserviency of our conceptions to description
77
Of conceptions attended with a momentary belief
78
Conceptions which are joined with perceptions
81
Conceptions as connected with fictitious representations
82
73
88
74
89
76
91
77
92
ib 78
93
General abstract notions the same with genera and species
95
81
96
82
97
CHAPTER XI
101
The beginning of knowledge is in the senses
104
There may also be internal accessions to knowledge
105
Instances of notions which have an internal origin
106
CHAPTER XII
107
of our estimate of time in dreaming
113
122
122
ib
123
Ideas of existence mind selfexistence and personal identity
124
Of the nature of unity and the origin of that notion
126
Nature of succession and origin of the idea of succession
127
Origin of the notion of duration 113 Illustrations of the nature of duration
128
114
129
The idea of space not of external origin
130
The idea of space has its origin in suggestion
131
Of the origin of the idea of power 118 Occasions of the origin of the idea of power
132
Of the ideas of right and wrong
133
Origin of the ideas of moral merit and demerit
134
Of other elements of knowledge developed in suggestion 122 Suggestion a source of principles as well as of ideas
135
CHAPTER III
136
Further remarks on the proper objects of consciousness
137
Consciousnes a ground or law of belief 138 126 Instances of knowledge developed in consciousness
138
CHAPTER IV
140
Occasions on which feelings of relation may arise
141
Of the use of correlative terms 142 130 Of relations of identity and diversity
142
11 Relations of degree and names expressive of them
143
1 of relations of proportion
144
iv Of relations of place or position
145
v of relations of time
146
v1 Of ideas of possession
147
vii Of relations of cause and effect
148
Of complex terms involving the relation of cause and effect
149
Connexion of relative suggestion with reasoning
150
ib CHAPTER V
151
Or the general laws of association
152
Resemblance the first general law of association
153
Of resemblance in the effects produced
154
Contrast the second general or primary
155
Contiguity the third general or primary
157
Demonstrations do not admit of different degrees of belief
188
Of the use of diagrams in demonstrations
189
Definition of reasoning and of propositions
191
Of differences in the power of reasoning
197
MORAL REASONING
206
Of the nature of moral certainty
207
Of reasoning from analogy
208
Of reasoning by induction
209
Of combined or accumulated arguments 207 208 209
210
CHAPTER XII
211
Care to be used in correctly stating the subject of discussion
212
Consider the kind of evidence applicable to the subject 213 199 Reject the aid of false arguments or sophisms
213
Fallacia equivocationis or the use of equivocal terms and phrases
215
Of the sophism of estimating actions and character from the cir cumstances of success merely
216
Of adherence to our opinions
217
Effects on the mind of debating for victory instead of truth
218
Imagination an intellectual rather than a sensitive process
219
The imagination closely related to the reasoning power
220
Definition of the power of imagination
221
Process of the mind in the creations of the imagination
222
Further remarks on the same subject 209 Ilustration from the writings of Dr Reid
223
Grounds of the preference of one conception to another
224
212 The creations of imagination not entirely voluntary
225
Illustration of the statements of the preceding section
227
On the utility of the faculty of the imagination
228
Importance of the imagination in connexion with reasoning 219 220 221 222 223 ib 224 225 ib 227 228
229
CHAPTER XIV
231
Of excited conceptions and of apparitions in general 218 Of the less permanent excited conceptions of sight
232
Of the less permament excited conceptions of sound 220 First cause of permanently vivid conceptions or apparitions Morbid sensibility of the retina ...
235
Second cause of permanently excited conceptions or apparitions
237
Fifth cause of apparitions Hysteria
243
231
248
232
249
235
251
Characteristics of emotions of beauty
252
Partial mental alienation by means of the imagination
255
INTRODUCTION
261
PART I
267
Of what is meant by beautiful objects
274
Original or intrinsic beauty The circle
280
Of sounds considered as a source of beauty
286
Explanation of the beauty of motion from Kaimes
292
Emotions of cheerfulness joy and gladness
295
The sources of associated beauty coincident with those of human
298
Or colours in connexion with the sublime
304
Occasions of emotions of the ludicrous
310
CLASS II
318
Desires always imply an object desired
324
or the natural desire of esteem
328
Instances of instincts in the human mind
330
314
331
PART II
333
Of the moral character of the desire of power
334
CHAPTER IV
336
Other illustrations of the existence of this principle
340
Practical results of the principle of imitation
342
340
356
Of voluntary in distinction from instinctive resentment
362
Modifications of resentment Jealousy
368
Illustrations of the strength of the parental affection
374
On the utility of the domestic affections
380
Further proofs in support of the doctrine of an innate humanity
386
Of the moral character of pity
392
Hection
395
Further illustrations of the results of the absence of this principle
401
Of the origin of secondary active principles
408
388
414
INTELLECTUAL STATES OF INTERNAL ORIGIN
419
Of the close connexion between conscience and reasoning
420
Further proof from language and literature
426
Disordered action of the principle of selfpreservation
428
CHAPTER IV
433
Further illustrations of the influence of wrong speculative opin
439
The soul has fountains of knowledge within
445
CHAPTER I
451
Disordered and alienated action of the possessory principle
455
CHAPTER II
461
Of sudden and strong impulses of the mind
467
Disordered action of the passion of fear
473
moral accountability in cases of natural or congenital moral
479

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Page 103 - The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark, When neither is attended ; and, I think The nightingale, if she should sing by day, When every goose is cackling, would be thought No better a musician than the wren.
Page 165 - Where the great Sun begins his state Robed in flames and amber light, The clouds in thousand liveries dight; While the ploughman, near at hand, Whistles o'er the furrowed land, And the milkmaid singeth blithe, And the mower whets his scythe, And every shepherd tells his tale Under the hawthorn in the dale.
Page 305 - The voice of the Lord is upon the waters: the God of glory thundereth: the Lord is upon many waters.
Page 308 - AND I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud : and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire...
Page 358 - Man in society is like a flower Blown in its native bed : 'tis there alone His faculties, expanded in full bloom, Shine out; there only reach their proper use.
Page 312 - The sun had long since in the lap Of Thetis taken out his nap, And like a lobster boiled, the morn From black to red began to turn," The imagination modifies images, and gives unity to variety ; it sees all things in one, il piti nelV uno.
Page 414 - God, but the doers of the law shall be justified : for when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves : which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another ;) in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.
Page 390 - Lands intersected by a narrow frith Abhor each other. Mountains interposed Make enemies of nations, who had else Like kindred drops been mingled into one.
Page 189 - ... according to the deeds done in the body, whether they be good or whether they be evil...
Page 120 - This source of ideas every man has wholly in himself; and though it be not sense, as having nothing to do with external objects, yet it is very like it, and might properly enough be called internal sense...

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