Page images
PDF
EPUB
[blocks in formation]

arriver ind. 4

When

empressement. quand est-ce que fell to his lot. He fell

did

terre f. lui est échu en * partage tomber ind. 4 a slight contusion on léger

from his horse, but happily he received only

ind. 4 ne que

- f. à

the knee.

genou in.

EXERCISES ON THE IMPERSONAL VERBS.

See remark first, on the Impersonal verbs, page 26.

In the following conjugation, as in all impersonal verbs, the compound tenses are formed by adding the past participle to the third person singular of the simple tenses of avoir.

[blocks in formation]

Does it rain this morning? Did it bail

matin

last

night?

grêler ind. 4 art. dernier 2 £1

I thought it had thundered. Does it not

It does not snow. neiger lighten? Do you think éclairer

was

ind. 2

croyais que
it freezes?
geler

croyez que

a terrible hurricane.
2 ouragan 1

friend's fault) that it

tonner ind. 6

It is a remarkable thing.

ce

It is ten o'clock.

It

ce

my

It (was not heure pl. ne tenir ind. 3 pas It will freeze long.

was not so.

à mon ami la chose subj. 2 ne ainsi

long-temps

I do not think so; it seems, on the contrary, that it thaws. It (is fit) sembler à contraire dégeler convenir

crois

to act so. It (was of great importance) to succeed.

de

importer beaucoup ind. 2 de réussir

Would it be

proper to write to your friends? It appears that he has not attended

à propos de

to that business.

de

[blocks in formation]

undertaking. It (was sufficient) to know his opinion.

s'occuper the

untreprise

Quelle heure est-il?

suffisait

de

QUESTIONS.

What o'clock is it?

N'est-il que dix heures ?

Is it hut ten o'clock

Quelle heure était-il quand vous What o'clock was it when you

êtes entré ?

N'était-il que six heures ?
Pleut-il ce matin ?
Pensez-vous qu'il pleuvra ?
Ne gèle-t-il pas ?

Pensiez-vous qu'il avait gelé ?
Neige-t-il beaucoup ?
Neigera-t-il demain?
A-t-il neigé la nuit dernière?
N'éclaire-t-il pas ?

N'a-t-il pas tonné hier?

entered?

Was it but six o'clock ?
Does it rain this morning?
Do you think it will rain?
Does it not freeze?
Did you think it had frozen?
Does it snow much?
Will it snow to-morrow?
Did it snow last night?
Does it not lighten?

[blocks in formation]

Did it not thunder yesterday? Do you think it will thunder a long time ?

Importait-il de réussir dans entreprise ?

cette

Did it matter to succeed in that undertaking?

Importe-t-il que nous soyons diligents?

Does it matter that we should be diligent?

Que résulte-t-il de ses discours? What is the result of his conversa

N'en résulte-t-il rien de bon ?
Dégèlera-t-il bientôt ?

Ne dégèle-t-il pas maintenant ?
Cet habit lui sied-il bien ?
Ce chapeau me sied-il bien ?
Cette robe ne vous siérait-elle pas
très bien ?

La coiffe que cette dame portait, ne

lui seyait-elle pas fort mal? Grêle-t-il souvent dans ce pays? Ne grêle-t-il pas toujours dans ce mois-ci?

Grêlera-t-il cet automne ?
A-t-il grêlé l'année dernière ?
N'a-t-il pas plu ce matin?

tion?

Does nothing good result from it?
Will it soon thaw?

Does it not thaw now?
Does that coat fit him well?
Does that hat become me well?
Would not that gown become you
very well?

Did not the cap which that lady

wore fit her very ill ?

Does it hail often in this country? Does it not hail always in this month?

Will it hail this fall?
Did it hail last year?

Did it not rain this morning?

CONJUGATION OF THE VERB FALLOIR, (IT MUST, &c.)

All verbs expressing necessity, obligation or want, are

rendered in French by this verb.

[blocks in formation]

You must speak to him about that affair.

de

him to consent to that bargain.

marché m

*

It was necessary for f. ind-2 que We were obliged to (set out) ind-3 partir sub-2

immediately. Children should learn every day something by heart.

subj.1

il* subj. 2

sur-le-champ art.

ind-7 subj. 1

cond-1 subj. 2

Shall I suffer patiently such an insult?

head not to

2

1

understand

[blocks in formation]

such easy rules. (How much)
combien
Do that as it (should

2 pour 1 comprendre inf-1 des si 2 3 règle f. 1
do you want?
He does what is requisite.

[blocks in formation]

that it is necessary to be a conjurer to guess his motives.

il subj. 1

* sorcier pour
deviner motif
pardon for a fault

suspect that I ought to ask
soupçonner subj. 2* inf-1 de faute f. que

[blocks in formation]

Faut-il que vous alliez lui parler de | Is it necessary that you should go. cette affaire?

to speak to him about that busi-. ness?

Faut-il que votre frère aille avee Is it necessary that your brother vous? should go with you ?

Faut-il que je reste ici pour vous Must I stay here to wait for you? attendre ?

Faut-il que j'apprenne ma leçon Must I learn my lesson before goavant d'aller à l'école ?

Faudra-t-il que la servante aille au
marché avant dîner?
Faudra-t-il que vous alliez chez
votre cousin ce soir?

ing to school?

Must the servant go to market be fore dinner?

Will it be necessary that you should go to your cousin's this evening?

Aurait-il fallu que nous fissions ce Would it have been necessary that voyage? we should make that journey? Vos domestiques, font-ils votre ou- Do your servants do your work as vrage comme il faut ?

Ces garçons, étudient-ils leur leçon comme il faul?

Pensiez-vous qu'il vous fallût faire sitôt ce voyage?

it should be?

Do those boys study their lessons as they should?

Did you think that it would have been necessary to make that journey so soon?

Ne faudra-t-il pas que j'aille à Will it not be necessary that I

Rome?

Quand faut-il que vous y alliez?
Faut-il que je vous attende?
Ne me faudra-t-il pas des habits
neufs?

should go to Rome ?

When must you go thither?
Must I wait for you?

Will it not be necessary that I
should have new garments?

THE VERB Y AVOIR, THERE TO BE,

This verb, being impersonal, is only used in the third person singular of each tense. It will be found conjugated in the introduction, page 27.

EXERCISE.

There must be a great difference of age between those two persons.

il doit

f.

There being (so many) vicious people

in this world, is it astonishing tant de 2 gens m. pl. 1 étonnant that there are so many persons who become the victims of the corsubj. 1

ruption of the age? (It is a thousand

versité f.

succeed.

réussir.

devenir perto one) that he will not siècle in. Il y a mille à parier contre un There would be more happiness if (every one) knew how chacun savait

bonheur

to moderate his desires. I did not think that there could be (any thing)

modérer

to blame

reprendre

(did people) reflect

désir

in his conduct.

conduite f.

si

l'on réfléchir ind. 2 f.

is to forgive

de pardonner art.

croyais
subj. 2
rien
There would not be so many duels

that one of the first obligations of a Christian f. Chrétien

injuries. Could there be a king more happy

Pourrait-il

than this, who has always been the father of his subjects?

[blocks in formation]

Y a-t-il du vin ou du vinaigre?
Y a-t-il des rats dans votre magasin?

Is there wine or vinegar in it?
Are there any rats in your ware-
house?

Y avait-il beaucoup de monde au Were there many people at the thespectacle?

atre?

ball?

Yaura-t-il beaucoup de monde à Will there be many people at your

votre bal?

Y a-t-il beaucoup d'enfants qui ne Are there many children that will

veullent pas jouer ?

Y a-t-il un peu de bœuf rôti?
N'y en a-t-il pas de reste?

Y a-t-il autant de fromage que de
beurre ?

Ya-t-il autant de l'un que de l'autre?

Y aura-t-il du veau à dìner?
Y aura-t-il du café au lait ?
Y aura-t-il des pommes de terre ?
N'y a-t-il pas huit pommes dans ce
panier?
Combien y en a-t-il ?

N'y en a-t-il pas plus que cinq?

not play?

Is there a little of roast-beef?

Is there none left?

Is there as much cheese as butter?

Is there as much of the one as of
the other?

Will there be veal for dinner?
Will there be coffee with milk?
Will there be potatoes?

Are there not eight apples in that

basket?

How many are there in it?

Are there no more than five in it?

EXERCISES ON THE IRREGULAR VERBS.

There are in the introduction, three tables of the irregular verbs, conjugated in their primitive, with direction. how to form the other tenses and persons..

REMARK.

The first and second persons plural of the present of the subjunctive, are formed from the present participle, by changing unt, into ions, for the first person, and iez for the second; this holds good for all the irregular verbs of the second, third, and fourth conjugations, except pouvoir, faire, refaire, surfaire, contrefaire and défaire, which form these persons from the first person singular of their tense, by changing the e final into ions for the first person, and iez for the second.

IRREGULAR AND IMPERSONAL VERBS OF THE FIRST CONJUGATION.

For the conjugation of these verbs, see page 27.-See also observations on certain verbs of the first conjugation, (page 13.)

[blocks in formation]
« PreviousContinue »