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ed as the result of their united coun- Bishop presumes,—that there is nothsels, and to be carried into effect by ing in the obligations and duties of a their united strength. But if oue or christian minister,binding him to love more of their number is at liberty to and frankness towards his brethren, hold his peace, and allow measures to which does not exist with equal force pass without opposition; and after- in the obligations and duties of poliwards to oppose them to the extent ticians and statesmen—the Bishop's of his influence, the consequence allusion will not help him out. must be distraction and mischief to For without hesitation, we should the churches ; and one great end of condemn, as both disingenuous and these courts which are the guardians injurious, the conduct of a legislator of her peace must be lost.

who would give his assent to measures Nor can the second apology of the and laws, recommending public instiBishop avail him more than the first. tutions as of primary importance to the Finding himself hard pressed by Mr. community, but would afterwards do Jay on this point, he asks in bis all in bis power to decry those institu

Note,” Have you ever been a le. tions as uudeserving of the patronage gislator? and in this capacity, bave to which they bad been thus recomyou never given your assent to mended. measures and to laws in which there Wishing as we do, 10 view the were some features which you deem- case in the most favorable light, ed objectionable?"

we would hope that the Bishop We are sorry to find the Bishop may once bave been in favor of so ready to adopt the maxims of pol. Bible Societies; and that, having iticians, as fit principles for the gove changed his opinion, he now ernment of the ministers of Christ's endeavors to make up for his former Church; and we might at once deny error by the warmth of his zeal and that there is justice or reason in the the abundance of his labors. comparison. But admitting what the

(To be continued.)

en

Literary and Philosophical Intelligente.

It is with great pleasure we announce for publishing by subscription, Stack the completion of the Hebrew Lexicon house's Body of Divinity. E. Littell proby Mr. Gibbs. This work, together with poses to publish by subscription, Horne's the Hebrew Grammar, from the same Introduction to the Bible. press, furnishes a much more convenient apparatus for the acquisition of the He- Hallam's View of the Middle Ages is in brew language than has hitherto been en- press at Philadelphia. joyed in our country. We are hapo py also, to notice the progress of anoth- A Portrait of Columbus, procured at er work at Andover--the translation of Seville, by George G Barrell, Esq. AWahl's Lexicon of the New Testament, merican Consul at Malaga, has been preby Mr. Robinson. From an examination sented by him to the American nation, to of a few of the first sheets which have been be placed among the portraits of other printed, we perceive that the Editor has distinguished men in the Capitol. not confined himself to a simple translation of the original, but has enriched it by Dr. Chalmers has been appointed Proadditional references to other works, be- fessor of Moral Philosophy in the Universides otherwise improving many of the ar- sity of St. Andrews. So great was the crowd ticles. It is thus far executed with neat- assembled to hear his farewell sermon to ness and accuracy, and will, we hope, re- the congregation of St. Johas, and so ceive the patronage it merits from the lov- determined were they to gain admittance, ers of sacred literature,

that the police found it necessary to send

to the barracks for a military guard. Mr. Proposals have been issued by J. Clarke Irving, minister of the Caledonian Chapel, London, was present, and took a part in extraordinary as the inmost recesses of the the exercises.

deep thus unveiled to the eye. The sur

face of the ocean was unruffled by the Book-Slores in Montreal.- The litera. slightest breeze, and the gentle splashing tare of the city may be estimated by the of the oars scarcely disturbed it. Hangfact, that there is at present but one book ing over the guuwale of the boat, with sbop in it, whose collection of English au- wonder and delight, I gazed on the slowthors has even moderate claims to respec- ly moving scene below. Where the bot. tability; a few others are to be found, tom was sandy, the different kinds of astewith Romish prayer books, and monkish riæ echini, and even the smallest shells, legends; but their shelves can boast of appeared it that great depth, conspicuous little else, except a few articles of station to the eye; and the water seemed, in some ary.-Duncan's Travels, (1818.)

measure, to have the effect of a magnifier,

by enlarging the objects like a telescope, A LITERARY and Historical Society and bringing them seemingly nearer.has been lately established at Quebec, uni- Now creeping along, we saw, far beneath, der the patronage of the Earl of Dalhou- the rugged sides of a mountain, rising sie, Governor in Chief of Lower Canada. towards our boat, the base of which, per

haps , was hidden some miles in the great Book Trade in Germany.--The cata- deep below. Though moving on a level logue of the Easter Fair of 1823, at Leip- surface, it seemed almost as if we were sic, contains the names of 2957 new works ascending the height under us ; and when that have appeared since the September we passed over its summit, which rose in Fair of 1822. Of this number, 190 are appearance to within a few feet of our novels, 484 theological treatises, 136 works boat, and came again to the descent, on jurisprudence, 155 on medicine, 398 on which on this side was suddenly perpen. educatioo, 184 on the belles lettre, 150 on dicular, and overlooking a watery gulf, as history, 137 on the natural sciences, 378 we pushed gently over the last point of it, poetical and literary, 215 on politics, 159 it seemed almost as if we had thrown our periodical publications, 30 on philosophy, selves down this precipice; the illusion 32 on the military art, 95 in the French from the crystal clearness of the deep, aclanguage, 62 in the Danish, 56 in the Po- tually produced a sudden start. Now we lish, &c.

came again to a plain, and passed slowly

over the submarine forests and meadows, Newspapers in Paris, with the Number which appeared in the expanse below; of Copies printed. — The Moniteur, 3,000 inhabited, doubtless by thousands of ani. to 4.000;Debats, 11,000; Journal de Par- mals, to which they afford both food and is, 8,000; Courier Francais, 5,000; Quo- shelter-animals unknown to man; and I tidienne, 3,500; Drapeau Blanc, 3,500; could sometimes observe large fishes of Jourual de Commerce, 4,000 ; Gazette a singular shape, gliding soltly through de France, 2,200; Pilote and Etoile, to- the watery thickets, unconscious of what gether, about 4,000; Oriflamme, 500 ; was moving above them. As we proceeda Constitutionel, 17,000 to 18,000. These ed, the bottom became no longer visible ; are all daily papers ; no weekly paper, or its fairy scenes gradually taded to the three day's newspaper, is published in view, and were lost in the dark green Paris.

depths of the ocean.-Brooke's Travels,

[recently published in England.] A Russian has published, "A View of all the Known Languages, and their Dia- Indian Antiquities.-It is stated in a lects." They amount to 3,014: classed as Kentucky paper that as the men employed follows-937 Asiatic; 587 European; 226 by General Covington at his Sait Works African ; 1,264 American.

on Drake's Creek (Ky.) “were digging The British and Foreigo Bible Society away the earth a few days ago, they came has published the Scriptures, in whole or to numerous fragments of sali boilers, with in part, in 140 languages and dialects. the remains of furnaces, great quantities

of cinders, coals, &c. There was every Clearness of the Northern Seas.-"Noth- indication (says the editor) that our preing can be more surprising and beautiful, decessors used the spot for the same purthan the singular clearness of the water of pose for which the General is now using the Northern Seas. As we passed slowly it. Among the specimens which he over the surface, the bottom, which here brought us are two pieces of the boilers. was in general a white sand, was clearly They are made of clay, mixed with a shinvisible in its minutest objects, where the ing substance, not unlike the composition depth was from twenty to twenty-five of common crucibles, as hard as our best fathoms. During the whole course of the potter's ware, about a quarter of an inch four I made, nothing appeared to me so thick, and from the curve of the pieces, we should judge that the vessels were from er, nor are there any pebbles mixed with two and a half to three feet in diameter, them. The bones are not at all mineraliwith flat bottoms. The ashes in rast beds zed, and retain nearly the whole of their have turned to a stony substance resemb animal gelatin, and owe their high state ling pumice stone. The General intends of preservation to the mud in which they further excavating the place and eximin- have been imbedded. The teeth of hyæe. ing the whole extent of this ancient salt nas are most abundant; and of these, the manufactory. He informs us that trees of greater part are worn down almost to the thelargest dimensionsgrow upon the spot." stumps, as it by the operation of gnawing “The Indian antiquities scattered over

bones, this portion of our continent have not ex. "The animals found in the cave agree in cited our attention in the same degree that species with those that occur in the dilu. they have many other persons. But in. vian gravel of England, and of a great part curious as we are on the subjectof the ab- of the northero hemisphere ; four of them, origines of our country, occasionally the hyæna, elephant, rhinoceros, and hipsome evidence of their ancient civilization popotamus, belong to species that are now obtrudes itself upon our view in such a extinct, and to genera that live exclusively way as cannot fail tð arrest attention and in warm climates, and which are found excite enquiry. That those people who associated together only in the southern inhabited this part of the Ainerican contin- portions of Africa near the Cape. It is ont, when first examined, had greatly dete- certain from the evidence afforded by the riorated from the arts and civilization of interior of the den (which is of the same their ancestors, or that this continent was, kind with that afforded by the ruins of many ages ago, inhabited by a race en- Herculaneum and Pompeii) that all these tirely distinct from the present Indians, animals lived and died in Yorkshire, in the is so frequently and fully demonstrated as period immediately preceding the deluge; to leave not a shadow of doubt.”

and a similar conclusion may be drawn

with respect to England generally, and to Antediluviun Den.- The following ex- those other extensive regions of the northtract is from a paper which was read be- ern hemisphere, where the diluvian gravel fore the Royal Society. It gives an account

contains the remains of similar species of of a den of hyænas discovered in the sum

animals. The extinct fossil hyæna most mer of 1821, at Kirkdale, Eng. near Kirby nearly resembles that species which now Moorside, in Yorkshire.

mohabits the Cape, whose teeth are adap“The den is a natural fissure or cavern ted beyond those of any other animal to in oolitic limestone, extending 300 feet in- the purpose of cracking bones, and whose to the body of the solid rock, and varying habit it is to carry home parts of its prey, from two to five feet in height and

to devour them in the caves of rocks which breadth. Its mouth was closed with rub. it inbabits. This analogy explains the acbish, and overgrown with grass and bush- cumulation of the bones in the den at es, and was accidentally intersected by Kirkdale. They were carried in for food the working of a stone quarry. It is on by the hyænas ; the smaller animals, perthe slope of a hill about 100 feet above hups, entire ; the larger ones piecemeal ; the level of a small river, whică, during a for by no other ineans could the bones of great part of the year, is engulfed. The such large animals as the clephant and bottom of the cavern is nearly horizontal, rhinoceros have arrived at the inmost reand is entirely covered lo the depth of cesses of so small a hole, unless rolled about a foot, with a sediment of mud de. thither by water; in which case, the an. posited by the diluvian waters. The sur- gles would bave been worn off by attritivi, face of this mud was in some parts entire- but they are not. ly covered with a crust of stalagmite; on Judging from the proportions of the rethe greater part of it, there was no stalag. mains now found in the den, the ordinary mite. At the bottom of this muu, the foou of the hyænas seems to have been oxfloor of the cave was covered,froin one end en, deer, and water-rats ; the bones of the to the other, with teeth and fragments of larger animals are more rare ; and the bone of the followiog animals : hyæna, fact of the bones of the hyænas being bro elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus,horse, ken up equally with the rest, added to the ox, two or three species of deer, bear, fox, known preference they have for putrid water-rat, and birds.

flesh and bones, renders it probable that The bones are for the most part broken, they devoured the dead carcasses of their and gnawed

picces, and the teeth lie own species. Some of the bones and teeth loose among the fragments of the bones ; a appear to have undergone various stages very few teeth remain still fixed in broken of decay by lying at the bottom of the des fragments of the jaws. The hyæna bones while it was inhabited, but little or none are broken to pieces as much as those of since the introduction of the diluvian se. the other animals. No hone or tooth has diment in which they have been imbed. been rolled, or in the least acted on by wa. ded. The circumstances of the cave and its contents are altogether inconsistent the remainder, to the extinct hyæna of with the hypothesis, of all the various an- Kirkdale. There are also boues of an an. imals of such dissimilar habits having en- imal of the cat kiod (resembling the jatered it spontaneously, or having fallen guar or spotted panther of South Ameri. in, or been drifted in by water, or with ca) and of the wolf, fox, and polecat, and any other than that of their having been rarely of elephant and rhinoceros. dragged in, either entire on piecemeal, by The bears and hyæna of all these cavthe beasts of prey whose den it was. erns, as well as the elephant, rhinoceros,

Bones of the same animals bave been and hippopotamus, belong to the same discovered in other similar caverns in extinct species that occur also fossil in the England and in Germany.

diluvian gravel, whence it follows that in the German caves, the bones are in the period in which they inhabited these Dearly the same state of preservation as in regions was that immediately preceding the English, and are not in entire skele. the formation of this gravel by that trantons, but dispersed as in a charoel house. sient and universal inundation which has They are scattered all over the caves, left traces of its ravages committed at no sometimes loose, sometimes adhering to- very distant period over the surface of gether by stalagmite, and forming beds of the whole globe, and since which, no immany feet in thickness. They are of all portant or general physical changes apparts of the body, and of animals of all

pear to have affected it." ages ; but are never rolled.

Three fourths of the total number of An immense skeleton of a mammoth bones in the German caves belong to two and another of an elephant have been dug extinct species of bear, and two-thirds of up, in the district of Honter in Hungary.

List of Dew Publications.

RELIGIOUS.

DISCELLANEOUS.

Theology. By Jared Sparks." No. 5, The Moral Dignity of Missionary En- for January, 1824. .terprize. A Sermon, delivered before the Boston Baptist Foreign Mission Society, A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the and before the Salem Bible-Translation Old Testament, including the Biblical and Foreiga Mission Society. By Fran- Chaldee: from the German works of Prof. cis Wayland Jr. Pastor of the First Bap- W. Gesenius. By Josiah

W. Gibbs A. M. tist Church in Boston.-Published by re- pp. 716, 8vo.-Flagg & Gould, Andover, quest, 25 cts.

1824.. A Sermon delivered in the Tabernacle Hints on Extemporaneous Preaching. Church, Salem, Mass. Sept. 25th, 1823, By Henry Ware, Jr. Minister of the So. at the Ordination of the Rev. Edmund cond Church in Boston, pp. 93, 18mo.Frost, as a Missionary to the Heathen, Boston, 1824. and the Rev. Messrs. Aaron W. Warner, An address delivered at the Collegiate Ansel D. Eddy, Nathan W. Fiske, Isaac Institution in Amherst, Mass. by Heman Oaks, and George Sheldon, as Evangelists. Humphrey, D. D. on occasion of his inau. By Elias Cornelius, Pastor of the Taber. guration to the Presidency of that Institu. nacle Church, Salem.

tion, October 15, 1823. pp. 40. 25 cents. A Sermon, preached in Brooklyn, Con- A Voyage to South America ; containnecticut, at the installation of Rey. Samu. ing an accurate description of many cities el Joseph May, November 5, 1823, by in Chili and Peru, as also of the business Rev. James Walker, of Charlestown;" to- of whaling in the Pacific Ocean, 2nd edi. gether with the Charge, by Rev. Dr. tion, 25 cents.-Cummings & Hilliard, Freeman, of Boston; the Right Hand of Boston. Fellowship, by Rev. W. B. O. Peabody, Conversations on English Grammar, of Springfield ; and the Address to the So- adapted to the use of Schools. By Charles ciety, by Rev. Dr. Thayer of Lancaster, M. Ingersoll, Esq. A new edition.- PortMass.

land, 1824 ;-75 cents. "The Distinctive Character and Claims A new American Biographical Dictionof Christianity : A Sermon, preached at ary, or a Remembrancer of the Departed the ordination of the Rev. Orville Dewy, Heroes, Sages and Statesmen of America, Pastor of the First Congregational Church Confined to those who signalized them. in New-Bedforul, December 17, 1823. By selves in the Revolutionary War. ComJoseph Tuckerman, Pastor of the Church piled by T. J. Rogers, from Sketches, fur. of Christ in Chelsea, Mass.

nished by some of the first literary char. "A Collection of Essays and Tracts in acters in the United States, Second EdiVOL. VI.-No. 2. 13

tion, with important Additions. Treaton.

Heligious Intelligence,

MISSIONS OF THE AMERICAN BOARD. British possessions on the western side of

the peninsula, and is the primary seat of The following brief view of the present

the mission. state of the missions under the direction of

Rev. Gordon Hall, Missionary; Mr. the American Board of Commissioners for

James Garrett, Printer. Foreign Missions, we think may he valuable to our readers, as well for reference, MAHIM.-Six miles from Bombay, on as for the intelligence it exhibits in a con

the north part of the island. densed form. It was prepared by the Rev. Allen Graves, Missionary. Board.

TANNAH.—The principal town on the HOME DEPARTMENT.

island of Salsette, twenty-five miles from

Bombay
Prudential Commillee.

Rev. John Nichols, Missionary.
Hon. WILLIAM REED,

The first missionaries to Bombay embark-
Rev. LEONARD Woods, D. D.
JEREMIAH EVARTS, Esq.

ed nearly twelve years ago. Some time

elapsed before they were fairly settled at Hon. SAMUEL HUBBARD, and

Bombay, and some further time, before Rev. WARREK Far.

they acquired the language ; so that, up

to the date of their last communications, Corresponding Secretary.

we have accounts of little more than eight JEREMIAH EvArts, Esq.

years of effective service. But, during

this time, they have translated most of the Assistant Secretary.

New Testament into the Mahratta lan

guage, spoken by at least 12,000,000 of peoMr. RUFUS ANDERSON,

ple, and have printed a considerable part

of it; have translated portions of the Old Treasurer.

Testament, and printed the book of Gen

esis ; and they will be able to print the Henry Hill, Esq.

whole Bible soon, if funds are obtained.

They have printed more than 30,000 Auditor.

books and tracts, most of which have been

circulated among the natives, and have CHESTER ADAMS, Esq.

been read, probably, by several hundred The executive business of the Board is

thousands. They have under their care transacted at the MISSIONARY Rooms,

eighteen schools, containing about 900 puNo. 69, Market-Street, Boston, Mass.'; pils; and, not long since, they had twentywhich are daily open during the regular five schools, containing 1,200 pupils ; but hours of business.

were obliged to discontinue several, for

want of pecuniary means to support them. FOREIGN ESTABLISHMENTS.

In various ways, they are daily extending

the circle of their acquaintance and influThe Board has established missions, in ence among the natives. the order of time in which they will now For a long time, a Mission Chapel has be named, at Bombay-in Ceylon, -among been needed. More than a year ago, the the Cherokees, Choclaws, and Cherokees foundations of one were laid, and, during of the Arkansaw-at the Sandwich Islands the last summer, the building, which is 60 -and in Western Asia. It has also taken feet by 35, was probably completed. measures to ascertain the religious and Should it please God to give success to moral state of the southern and western the plans of the missionaries, a Mission countries of South-America, with a view College will soon be very desirable. lo missionary labors in that interesting On the 27th of September last, the Rev. part of the world.

Edmund Frost, Missionary, with his wife,

and Mrs. Graves, the wife of the missionI. MISSION AT BOMBAY.

ary at Mahim, embarked for Calcutta,

whence, by leave of Providence, they will Commenced in 1813. This mission bas proceed immediately to Bombay. three stations-Bombay, Mahim, and Tanpah.

II. MISSION IN CEYLON. BOMBAY.-A large city, on an island of This mission was established in the disthe same name. It is the capital of all the trict of Jaffna, which is in the northern

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