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wretched superstitions of Heathen nations, those I deemed enthusiasts. It was from -the miserable parent sacrificing his own the writings of Augustine particularly, offspring,-or the poor dark-minded devo- and others of a later date, who are of the tee, with a sensitive conscience, but ignor- same sentiments, in all of which I found ant of the true God, attempting to propi. this firm belief in a felt communion of soul tiate his fancied deity, bg tortures and
with God. But 1 sball proceed in my blood.-we have only to recollect these, own mind's history. After I had read a to enable us to understand how the knowl good many of the passages markeul by Aredge of the tru God imparts peace to the thur, I became so exhausted, that I was obsoul. That passage, I think, bears the liged to lie dowu, and soon fell asleep. stamp of inspiration.
When I awoke, ! perceived that Arthur How. I thought as you do, Conway, had come unheard into my room, and was when I read it, and I also understood it in seated close to my bed. He leant upon it, the same way; but on turning to some
his cheek rested on his band, and his eyes other passages, I began to doubt whether raised earnestly to heaven. You rememI really understood this,-at least the ber, Conway, how sweet and expressive meaning I attached to the words did not his countenance was ; at that moment it seem to penetrate farther than the surface really was heavenly. He seemed as if his when compared with such passages as
spirit held intercourse with an adored, these, God is my strength,--my shield, but invisible intelligence. For some mo-my salvation,-Lord, lift on us thé ments I did not interrupt him, but watchlight of thy countenance,--as the barted his looks. They expressed adoration, pauteth after the water brooks, so panteth and earnest intreaty, mingled with a softmy soul after thee, O God!-my soul ness of confiding love that filled his eyes thirsteth for the living God.”
with tears. Con. My dear Howard, that is eastern 'Arthur!' said I, at last, who is there language and metaphor ?
present here, besides you and I ? How. Supposing it is so, what is the He looked at me, rather alarmed at the meaning of the metaphor ? To what does strangeness of the question, as I lay so as it allude?
easily to perceive there was no other perCon. To that state of mind which you son present. yourself described, Howard, when you
• I have been watching your looks, my said your heart had at times been filled to dear boy,' said I. •You seemed to feel painfulness with love and adoration to- the presence of some loved but invisible wards the Creator of the beautiful works being.' of nature which surrounded you.
He blushed deeply, and seemed embarHow. No, my dear Conway, the rassed, and hesitated for a moment : then words I have quoted from the Bible, ex. recovering himself, • Yes, my dear father,' press the longings of the soul after a known he replied, firmly but with much feeling, and felt enjoyment. My refuge, my hope, my soul did seek to feel the presence of my joy,' are pot expressions ever used by Him, whom having not seen, I love; in those who know God only in his works. whom, though now I see him not, yet beThey are used by those who know, and lieving, I rejoice with joy unspeakable have experienced, that there is such a
and full of glory.' thing as real intercourse between God • Artbur,' asked I, with much interest, and the human soul, on lbis side the
• Do you mean Almighty God by those exgrave.
pressions ?' Con. And do you, Howarů, really be
• I do, Sir,' replied he, but I believe i lieve that there is ?
do not exactly mean your idea when you How. I do, Conway, most firmly. I say, • Almighty God. I mean God 'the koow it is considered mere enthusiasm to Sun,-he by whom alone we can have acbelieve this truth, though it is plainly re
cess to God the Father.'
pp. !7-25 vealed in the Scriptures. I once thought it was so myself, though there was to me
He then goes on to relate the ina something so lovely in the dream, as I structions which he received from his supposed it, in which religious enthusiasts son Arthùr. The Christian fidelity, lived, that I never felt the same scorn for mingled with filial tenderness, exerthem that I saw others do.
cised by this young man, is truly adCon. I see nothing lovely in religious mirable, and worthy of imitation. So creatures have had their brains crazed by is his great caution, not to go beyond such fancies, and then given, in their vul. the scriptures in his efforts at the regar language, their disgusting dreams to moval of difficulties. the world. How. Nothing that is the production the purpose of making a remark on
We give the following passage, for of a vulgar mind can be relished by a rofined one, I confess. It was not from such what we deem a defect in the argu**oductions I learnt the sentiments of ment.
“How. Jesus Christ sums up all the You look disappointed, Conway." Pp. 38 divine law in these two requirements, -40. • Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and
The passage contains a pretty good with all thy strength, and with all thy view of the ground or reason of our inmind; and thy neighbour as thysell.' capacity to keep the commandments And are not these two requirements as of God. We only wish our author had much calculated to secure the happiness of man, as they are honorable to the great
shown the nature of the incapacity. Lawgiver?
We believe it is simply a want of Con. They have surely one defect,- will, an unwillingness to give up they for whom they are intended, are ut. things that cannot be enjoyed in conterly incapable of obeying them.
sistence with that Law. So that ir How. And whence that incapacity, Conway? Why is it, that while we pro
fact the cause of this incapacity” is fess to believe that God is supremely wor- nothing different from the incapacity thy of our love, we cannot love him su. itself. The use of the terms, incabeautifully simple and just rule, by which pable, and incapacity, and the like, beautifully simple and just rule, by which is so liable to mislead, or at least, to he instructs man to secure the happiness of his brother man, that we cannot obey
afford an occasion for perversion and it ?
cavilling, that too much care can Con. To answer that question, my hardly be exercised, in giving promfriend, I must proceed step by step to ac.
inence to the fact, that man alone count for that which has never yet been accounted for,-the origin of evil.
stands in the way of his own obediHow. No, my dear Conway, that ence, and that if he is finally lost, it would only lead you from the point. If will be wholly his own fault. The we would submit to the teaching of him,
passage likewise leads to another rewho we profess to believe is the only wise,
mark. We do not fully understand -the only omniscient, and whose teaching is fully confirmed by our own experience,
Howard's last answer. It seems to we would believe that the cause of this in- imply that, in his view, the reoewing capacity is the aversion of our hearts to
influences of the Holy Spirit, or rethe purity of his nature and laws. We do not see, with the clearness that he sees,
generating grace, is a conditional gift this state of our feelings, because we ne- to unrenewed sinners which is promisver experienced that fulness of love for ed, “ if we will bend our stubborn him,-ihe all-perfect, all-lovely, which souls, and ask him to do so." Our he intended at our creation should constitute the full satisfaction and happiness of difficulty is in determining the state our natures, and with which, when he
or character of a sinner, in this atticontrasts the present state of our feelings, tude of asking. Is he regenerate, or he terms it plainly enmity;' and we, full
unregenerate, when he “ bends his of self-love as we are, will allow that, at
stubborn soul ?” Is not the struggle times at least, we feel a distaste for thoughts of God, an impatience under his
between the world and God in fact moral restraints, and a disposition to for- over, when he comes to this point ? get his existence, and to act as if we our. If he has really humbled himself unselves were the end of our own being.
der the mighty hand of God, he has Con. and how is all this to be pre
done what he was commanded to do; vented, Howard ? How are we to change
he has exercised Christian humility. these hearts, and restore them to that state for which they were intended ?
The next extract shows the folly How. That is the only inquiry of any of that miserable refuge of lies tu importance amongst all the inquiries of the which it is so fashionable to resort, busy human mind; because, till it is answered, every other pursuit is mere van.
by those who reject the atonement of ity,-mere trifling on : he brink of an eter- Christ. The idea that God no lonnity of separation from God. The answer
ger requires obedience, but is satisof God to this question, throws light on all fied with something short of it is the that is of any moment for us to know on this side the grave.
most wretched delusion that can be Con. And what is the answer of God thought of. to this question ?
Con. But, my dear Howard, do not How. It is this,-he has himself under.
even the strictest religionists allow that it taken to renew us by his Spirit, after will be by the sincerity, not by the perfecthe image of Christ, if we will only bend tion of our obedieace, that we shall be our stubborn souls, and ask him to do so.
judged at the last day?
How. No, Conway; that is one of I believe we both felt a little embarrasthose glosses in explaining scripture of sed on finding ourselves téle-a-téte, as each which I spoke, and one which has com- was perfectly aware of the anxious wishes pletely established itself as an undeniable of Mrs. Tra vers and my aunt. Travers religious truth, while there is not a shao spoke first. dow of ground for it in the Bible. Can • I believe, Mr. Howard,' said he smil. you, Conway, recollect any passage in ing, and reddening as he spoke, our scripture, which implies that our omnis- friends expect and hopethat you and I shall cient Judge will accept of a sincere but commence our acquaintance by making unsuccessful attempt to obey, in the place war on each others opinions on a certain of exact obedience ?
subject. I know for whom conquest is ar Con. Does not Christ himself make an dently wished; therefore, as one against excuse for his disciples, when, instead of many, I think I shall take what advantage watching with him, as be had requested I can, and begin, by plainly asking you of in his hour of agony, they fell asleep? He what religion you are ?' said, in pity of their weakness, and aware Of what religion !' repeated 1, smiling of their sincerity, .The spirit indeed is in return ; of the Christian religion, willing, but the flesh is weak.' I have al. presume.' ways admired the gentleness and magnan- • Then we are un plain ground. A imit; of these words, at such a time. Christian must mean a disciple of Jesus
Hou. And yet, Conway, if you will Christ, and that is all I aim to be; and if examine the passage which is constantly I misunderstand any of the doctrines produced in favor of your opinion, you taught by my divine Master, or disobey will find that you have been admiring an any of his precepts, I most earnestly desire explanation of our Lord's words which to be better informed, and to be more they cannot bear. We shall read the pas- faithful in future.' sage as St. Mark has it ; (reads) “And Je- I said that he had indeed gained an adsus cometh, and findeth them sleeping, vantage over me,-that I had spoken and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest without reflection, and that I perceived thou ? (Why so pointedly addrese Pe- I had an opponent with whom I must de-, ter, and not James and John, unless in al. fine terms. lusion to his having so confidently declar- • Then, may I beg of you to define your ed that he was ready to suffer and die idea of a Christian? with his Lord ?) "Couldst thou not watch I hesitated.—'Why, a Christian is now one hour? Watch ye and pray, lest ye a national appellation. It was, I believe, enter into temptation; the spirit truly is in that sense I used the term. ready, but the flesh is weak. Is this an “May I ask you to define its meaning in excuse? Is it not rather a most serious that sense ?' and gracious warning, to which, had the •Why, it is opposed to the ignorance and sincere but self-confident Peter attended, groseness of Heathenism and Mahometan. he might have been saved from the ism. A Christian in this sense, particu. weakness, will you call it? I must say larly a Protestant, means a person whose crime of denying his Master an hour after. mind is perfectly freed rom superstition, There is, besides, no other instance which who regards himself as a free and intellican possibly be understood as you under gent being, and who worships that true stand this. Christ never extenuates the God, whose character is, in his mind, freed faults of his disciples ; on the contrary, he from those dreadful attributes in which always reproves them ; and had he done ignorance and superstition clothe it; and otherwise, be would not have been, as he this Being he boldly ventures to worship, was, the teacher and the example of the according to the dictates of his own conmost perfect holiness." pp 43–45. science.'
"And where is Christ, in this system of We now come to Arthur's narra- Christianity ? asked Travers, gently. tive of his own conversion, which he
•He was the Founder of the system.'
"How?' drew up for his father. We give the
He visited this world to reveal more following account of his first inter, perfectly the character of the God of merview with Travers. It had been cy and benevolence to mankind ; and him. brought about by their friends, in self to show them an example of perfect
virtue.' hopes that Arthur's acute mind would
• Do national Christians consider thembe able to detect the fallacy of the selves bound to follow that example arguments by which Travers was asked he, looking earnestly at me as he contioually endeavouring to awaken spoke, their consciences, and persuade them
Certainly : following that example, I
might have said, was the definition of a to seek the salvation of their souls. Christian.'
• In what do they follow it?"
"Are they Christians, then, either in On Travers asking this question, I recol.
faith or morals? lected what my aunt had said of him,- I felt that I was becoming warm, and rethat he did not believe there were halfa- mained silent ; and Travers immediately dozen people in England who would get changed the subject, and did not resume to heaven. "Do you expect,' asked I, it again during that visit.” pp. 90–94.
that imperfect creatures can follow a persect model ? As it is, was the standard of
Auother extract is designed to ilmorals ever so high in any country, as it lustrate the cautious and gradual map. now is in this ? Are not the very purest ner, in which these philosophic minds morals of Christianity, those to which the
receive light upon religious subjects. voice of the whole nation appeals, when, in any controversy, its voice is heard? The living reality of Scott's “ Force
Travers smiled. True ; you have de- of Truth,” still more strikingly ex. scribed the effect that the knowledge of emplifies, that religion is not, in fact, true Christianity has upon a nation. Ev.
.an irrational thing, but is rejected ery conscience bends to its authority, as what the light of truth there says, would by philosophic minds, on other be right and just in all. You have traced grounds. this universal knowledge of morality, in After the perusal of Arthur's parthis country, to its true source,-the rative and some fragments of his knowledge of Christianity; but you have writings, Howard and Conway renot answered my question.'
• I cannot answer it otherwise. If ma- sume their conversation. king the morality taught by Jesus Christ, a short extract here, as an example the morality of a whole nation, does not of Christian faithfulness in pressing constitute a Christian nation, I know not
truth upon the conscience. what would.'
• Let us leave these generalities,' said " Hor. I did not say that the objects Travers, in which we forget individual of faith were simple, or easily understood. responsibility, and allow me to ask one On the contrary, I have said that scriptore question. Do you suppose all those men, itself declares their great mysteriousness ; who receive the sacrament to qualify but I say, that believing them saves the themselves for civil offices, believe in the soul. doctrine which that ordinance represents, Con. But, my dear Howard, belief is and which they profess to believe by ap- not a thing in our power. Belief is an efpearing there?
fect, a consequence. "I certainly do not."
Hor. An effect, or consequence, of • And is there any part of the New Tes- what? tament, which would not condemn that
Con. (Smiling.) I know to what that appearance as hypocrisy, deceit, and question leads. fraud ?"
How. All I wish is, to induce you to do I could not say there was.
that which will produce this effect, this *Can men who do this, really be disci consequence. If you fairly and candidly ples of Jesus Christ ?
do your part, if you examine your own I was silent.
mind, and discover what those objections Can they, in sincerity, worship a pure are, which lead you to but half credit the and holy God? To what, or whom, can Bible, and then listen with candor to the they internally direct the excuse they answers which learned, and wise, and make, when they thus perjure themselves? good men, have given to these objections, If they really in heart adored a holy God, I shall not fear the result : and it, at the they would not dare thus to disregard his same time, you examine scripture itself omniscient and omnipresent holiness. If with the degree of faith you already pos. they worship a Being who they think will not condemn such falsehood, they worship, Con. (Interrupling him.) The faith l -not the God of Christianity, but the Sa. already possess! "Do you think I already tnn, whom Christianity warns us against possess any of that which you call faith? us the god of this world.'
How. My most dear Conway, you do * You state the matter too strongly,' said not possess the faith which will save you, I, half displeased; I know men, who but you possess that which, if alone, will would spurn from them with indignation condemn you. You believe in God, yet the very idea of bypocrisy and fraud, who you make scarcely any attempt to know yet thus qualify themselves for office with his character or will.' You believe that out any scruple.'
Jesus Christ came into the world to teach 'And without believing in that atone- us that will, yet you take no pains to make ment represented in the sacrament ?' yourself acquainted with the character or
'Yes; without being able to believe any office of that Teacher sent from God.' thing so incomprehensible.'
You half believe the scriptures are inspit
ed, yet you rest satisfied to remain half ig. Con. I must, then, hear of your other norant of them. To what, theo, my friend, children when we again meet. I trust ean your belief lead, but to make you you will soon see them all of one mind criminal in the sight of that God, whose with Emma and yourself. word, and whose heavenly Messenger, How. And you also, Conway, do you you have thus slighted ? Faith, without wish the same for yourself? effects, according to St. James, 'is dead.' Con. From my soul, I do. It is nothing, or worse than nothing. Have How. And you will seek, that you I said more than the truth, Conway? for I have been describing my own state of Con. I will. mind wlier I last saw you.” pp. 144, 145. How. Conway, there is one hour eve.
ry night, after all my household have reThe conclusion shows Conway, tired, that I spend alone; or rather, I fully convinced of the reality of ex- should say, with God. Will you meet me perimental religion, and of the desir- at that hour to-night, and spend it with ableness and necessity of a change of me, seeking the same presence ?
Con. With you? heart as a preparative for heaven, How. Yes, my dearest friend. We and alınost persuaded to be a chris- have had intimate union of soul in many tian. May our readers be, not al. pursuits, -why shrink from it in this? most, but altogether, such as they with you, Howard ; but this seems
Con. I do not shrink from union of soul will wish to be, when they stand be- strange,- yet I shall meet you ; whatever fore Christ!
How. Farewell, then, for a little. My How. But now, my dear Conway, it is family will again suppose I mean to motwelve o'clock, and I fear I must leave nopolize you entirely. Let us go to them.” you.
Literary and Philosophical Intelligence.
The annual Commencement at Hamp- that place. General La Fayette has been den Sidney College, was held on the 23d invited to lay the corner stone of both of September. The degree of Bachelor these monuments, as well as of that to be of Arts was conferred on seven young erected on Bunker Hill. gentlemen, and the degree of Master of Arts on nine, alumni of the College. One hundred and sixty coloured persons James Marsh, A. M. was elected Professor of both sexes were to sail from New York of Langnages and Belles Lettres.
for Hayti on the 19th of October. Six
vessels at Philadelphia, one at Port ElizaThe University of Georgia held its Commencement on the 4th of August.
beth, one at Alexandria, and several oth
ers at Baltimore, are on the eve of sailing Ten young gentlemen received the de.
for the same destination. It is calculated gree of A. B. and ten the degree of A. M.
that between three and four thousand of The degree of LL. D. was conferred on the Hon. William H. Crawford, Secreta- in a few days, and that every fortnight ad.
these persons will leave the United States ry of the U. S. Treasury.
ditional numbers will be shipped off under At the annual Commencement of Nas- the direction of President Boyer's agent, sau Hall, held on the 29th of September; who pays the expense of their transmission the degeee of A. B. was conferred on 47, by authority of the Haytien government. and the degree of A. M. on 13. The de
About 200 sailed in September from Phil. gree of LL. D. was conferred on the Hon. adelphia. Jonas Platt.
The Board of Managers of the AmeriMeasures have been taken for the erection of a Monument to General Washing. ed to send this fall if possible, two vessels
can Colonization Society, have determin ton, in Philadelphia. The citizens of with emigrants to Liberia. Canden, S. C. have determined to erect a monument to the memory of Baron de
Some intimation of the state of the Kalb, a Major General in the U. S. Rev. Jews in Germany is furnished by the olutionary Army, who fell in battle near
Vol. VI.-No. 11. 76