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thousands and millions to perish for They declared to all men, Jews and lack of that word of life which he Gentiles, that there was salvation might, and will not extend to them.” in no other way. The importance
The preacher next gives a view of of this message was so great in the what be considers the actual blessings view of Paul, that he - determined of Christianity. The view given'so to know nothing else.”. Had be nearly coincides with that of a living* embraced " Christianity in the frigheathen, that I will present it in the id zone;" had he been a Unitarian words of the latter. In his letter in his views and feelings; he would, to Dr. Ware of Cambridge, he no doubt, soon after his conversion, says : “ There is one question at the have gone directly to Rome ; and concluding part of your letter, (to without avowing himself either a wit, “ whether it be desirable that Jew, Christian, or Pagan, would the inhabitants of India should be have asked the learned Senators of converted to Christianity ; in what that day, whether they did not degree desirable, and for what rea. think it desirable, that a religious sons ?'') which I pause to answer, system, baving " a greater tendency as I am led to believe from reason, to improve the moral, social and powhat is set forth in scripture, that litical state of mankind,” than the “ in every nation, he that feareth one they then enjoyed, should be God and worketh righteousness, is introduced among them. But Paul accepted with him,” in whatever had an object as much above this, as form of worship be may have been hearen is higher than the earth. taught to glorify God. Neverthe. His object was to spread the gospel, less I presume to think, that Chris- without which he believed both Jew tianity, if properly inculcated, has a and Gentile, learned and unlearngreater tendency to improve the mor- ed, would be lost forever. And al, social and political state of man- this should be the object of all tbe kind than any other known religious friends of missions at the present system."
day. This, “I presume to think,” is * A second circumstance”
says the opinion of Unitarians in general; the preacher, “which has acted and in this opinion, Christians, Uni- with no feeble power upon Unitaritarians, Infidels, and enlightend Hin- ans, in withholding their sympathy doos, all agree. But are these all from the cause of foreign missions, the actual blessings of Christianity ? is, the very injudicious manner in Are they even a principal part of which we think those missions have them? I have no disposition to been, and are conducted. speak lightly of the temporal ben- Of co
course--we are all in an erefits of our religion. I value them ror. They are the people, and as highly as any man living. But if wisdom will die with them. The Christ and bis apostles considered friends of missions ever since the these as the grand, indeed the only, days of Paul have, without doubt, recommendation of the system which been teaching false doctrines, and they promulgated, it is a little re- acting on false principles. But Unimarkable that they did not oftener tarians will soon set things right. allude to them. They evidently To be sure, they have never waded deemed them unworthy of notice, the spows of Greenland nor enwhen compared with the “ great countered the sirocs of Africa, in salvation” which the gospel reveal- attempts to convert the poor naed. The burden of their lives, was, tives, but then they are seriously repent, and believe on the Lord Jesus thinking of it. Their theory is Christ, and thou shalt be saved. beautiful-just look at it. “Instead * Rammohun Roy.
of sending out missionaries to preach
of original sin, of a triune God, of Creator. They are doubtless sin. God's decrees, of election and rep- cere in their worship, and what more robation, and of redemption by the does God require of them? The blood of Christ,-doctrines, the metaphysical topics of "sin," and terms of which unintelli- "redemption by the blood of Christ,' gible to an uneducated heathen ; in- are altogether too subtile and evanstead of sending out missionaries, escent for common minds, and bad for the immediate purpose of better be dropped entirely. If our preaching christianity even in its missionaries should go out with simplest elements ;" they would views and feelings like these, what send “masters of natural philoso- might they not accomplish? How phy in alt its branches;” men, at soon should we witness the meridithe same time well versed in the an glories of the millennium. “ science of metaphysics ;"? " deep- As so little success has hereta. ly read in history;" " practical fore attended the labours of the men,” and “christians without any American Board, I would suggest to of the narrowness of bigotry." them the expediency of adopt“Let these men," say they, “being the plan here proposed, and resent to be companions, and friends, quest their missionaries to be a litand teachers, among enlightened tle more accommodating. Mabommedans and heathens, and I would moreover recommend to impart to those who are capa- the missionaries themselves to turn ble of receiving it, a knowledge of their attention exclusively to "enthe history and of the philosophy, lightened Hindoos, Mahommedans" which are received in the Christian and Savages ; they alone are capaworld.” This is the way by wbich ble of appreciating the blessings of the proud heart of man is to be the gospel, and therefore the ouly humbled, and brought into subjec- persons likely to embrace it. The tion to the gospel of Christ. Why, salvation of these literary idolaters if you tell the heathens they are is in truth an object of some imporsinners, you will offend them, and tance : but who will think of atthen all your labor will be lost. tempting to enlighten the soul of a Besides, it is questionable whether poor wretch that belongs to the they are sinners. All that can be thirty-first class of the Shoodru tribe? necessary, I presume, is to show and since he is already “safe as them what a clerer thing christiani- to a future world,” it would be very ty is, and they will embrace it at cruel to make inroads
upon once. If hy adopting the christian perstition. Better leave him to name they will be likely to incur enjoy the shadow of his own vine any reproach from their unbeliev- and fig tree, unmolested either by a jng breibren, why then let them be knowledge of himself, or of any called heathens still; the name is thing else. nothing.
Me dulcis saturet quies, * Rhubarb is rhubarb call it what you
Obscuro positus loco, will."
Leni perfruar otio. I like the doctrine of accom
When I look forward to no very modation.
all children distant period, and see the poor, of one great family, and it will innocent, idolatrous Hindu, thrownot do to be rigidly attached to any ing by his Shaster and his Vedant, particular religion. The heathen and spending his wearisome days are right in the main ; and if they and nights, in conning over the im are disposed to worship idols occa- mortal pages of Home, Gibbon, sionally, there certainly can be no Swift, Priestley and Belsham, I am harm in it. This, you know, is filled with emotions of inexpressible only their way of worshipping the delight. Then shall we see "Christ.
Vol. VI. No. 9. 60
tians without any of the narrowness
Unitarians. This might have of bigotry.”
been true of the heathen in your The iwo next reasons assigned day; but we think more charitably for the neglect of Foreign Missions, of the beathen now living. They (to wit, “ The paramount claims of evidently conduct as well, accord. Domestic Missions,” and “ The ing to the light which they have, as struggle for the liberty of inquiry,”) we christians do, and we confess I pass over. The last reason for not we cannot see how it is consistent obeying the command of our Saviour, with the goodness of God, to give to preach the gospel to every crea- them up to uncleanness, with ture, the preacher puts into the their present characters. mouth of an adversary. “It is said," Paul.—But we bave before prohe observes, “ that the evil is to be ved both Jews and Gentiles, that sought in the very nature and cha- they are all under sin; as it is writ. racter of our religious sentiments.' ten, there is none that doeth good, Unitarians. Our exertions have
no, not one. There is none that been withheld from the cause of seeketh after God. There is no Foreign Missions, by a belief that fear of God before their eyes. " the heathen are safe, as far as
Unitarians.-This, we presume, respects a future world, even while is one of your hyperboles ; or one unenlightened by Christianity. of the “ things” which, as Peter
Paul.-As many as have sioned says, are hard to be understood." without law, (i. e. without the re- But, proceed, and give us a more vealed law,) shall also perish with complete view of your sentiments. out law.
Paul.- And even as they, (i. e. Unitarians.- We think the heath- the heathen,) did not like to retain en do not sin without the revealed God in their knowledge, God gave law, and therefore will not perish. them over to a reprobate mind, to do
Paul.-Tbe invisible things of those things which are not convebim (i. e. God,) from the creation nient; being filled with all unrightof the world are clearly seen, being eousness, fornication, wickedness; understood by the things that are full of envy, murder, malignity, made, even his eternal power and haters of God, despiteful, proud, Godhead ; so that they (i. e. the disobedient to parents, without unheathen,) are without excuse :- derstanding, without natural affec
Unitarians.—But the heathention, implacable, unmerciful. Who need no excuse. They live accord- knowing the judgment of God, that ing to the light which they have had they who commit such things are opportunity of receiving. They worthy of death, not only do the are sinless, and therefore, car and
same, but have pleasure in them will go to heaven without an ex- that do them.
Unitarians -Well, we are wil. Paul.-Let me proceed. Be- ling to acknowledge, that the beathcause that, when they knew God, en do many things which are very they glorified bim not as God, nei- improper, and even sinful. But ther were thankful; but became we have been withheld from exervain in their imaginations, and their tion in their behalf, by foolish heart was darkened. They injudicious manner in which we think changed the glory of the incorrupti. Trinitarian missions have been and ble God into an image made like un- are conducted;" and we consider to corruptible man, and to birds, and this as one good ground of excuse. to four footed beasts, and creeping Christ.-Go ye into all the world things. Wherefore God gave them and preach the gospel unto every up to uncleanness,
çreature. He that believeth and is
o the tery
baptized, shall be saved ; and he world, and in a more excellent that believeth not shall be damned. way” than those who have anticipa.
Unitarians.--We should have ted us in the cause: instead of obeyed thy command long ago, "preaching original sin, God's dehad it not been for the following crees, election and reprobation, and considerations : 1. We consider redemption by the blood of Christ, the heathen safe in their present or even the gospel “ in its simplest condition. 2. We think Trinitarians elements”” our plan is, to instruct have conducted their missions in a the poor heathen in “philosophy in very injudicious manner. 3. Do all its branches," sin history,”and in mestic missions claimed our atten- metaphysics." “ We believe that tion. 4. We have been called to two or three missionaries thus struggle for liberty of enquiry employed, will do more with against a host of opposers, at home. in a few years, in preparation 5. It has been said by our opponents, for the extension of Christianity, (though “ this we most peremptorily than a hundred missionaries, em. deny,”) that the evil is to be sought ployed as most missionaries now in the very nature and character of are, would accomplish in a centuour religious sentiments. If these ry. This also is the opinion of reasons do not exculpate us, we Rammohun Roy, Ram Doss, and must plead guilty However, Mr. Adam. we intend soon to go forward in the
An Advocate for "the great work of evangelizing the
More Excelleni Way.”)
Keview of Rew Publications.
Nature of the Atonement. A Dis. must
excite the deepest course delivered Aug. 17, 1823, interest in a community awake in the Chapel of the Theological to the importance of a pure and Seminary, Andover: By JAMES practical faith. A subject .which MURDOCK, D. D. Brown Professor embraces so many and so momentof Sac. Rhet. and Eccl. Hist. in ous topics,—the fallen condition of the Seminary. Published by the man, the prospects of a ruined Students in the Institution. 8vo. world, the character of the media-,
tor, the honour of God,-interests A Sermon on the Atonement, preach- vast as the universe, and lasting as
ed at the Annual Convention of eternity-can never be discussed the Congregational and Presbyte- without awakening the liveliest emorian ministers of the State of tion in the mind of a christian pub. New Hampshire, Concord, June lic. We were not surprised, there2, 1824. By Daniel Dana, fore, at the general excitement D. D. Minister of the Gospel in produced by recent publications on Londonderry. 8vo. pp. 23. the atonement. We
even Two Discourses on the Atonement. glad to witness it, so far as it evin
By Moses STUART, Associate ced a pious and commendable soProf. of Sacred Literature in the licitude for preserving christianity Tbeol. Sem. at Andover. Pub- pure from the corruptions of its lished by request of the Students. friends, and safe from the attacks of 8vo. pp. 54.
its enemies. But it was deeply
painful to see the public mind agitaTAE doctrine of the atonement ted with the apprehension that the
fountain which has had the reputa- of warfare and endeavoured to dition of being heathful is becoming minish its influence by destroyimpure, and that suspicion is at- ing the confidence of its friends taching itself to men who have done in the purity of its faith. Inso much to check the progress of Sinuations have been thrown out, beresy. We have known the Sem- that some of the Professors at Andoinary at Andover too long and too ver were in fact Unitarians, and on well to believe this suspicion to be the eve of publicly espousing the just. We have been acquainted Unitarian cause. When Dr. Mur. with its professors; we have read dock's sermon came before the pubtheir publications; we know the lic, Unitarians anticipated the orgeneral course of instruction in that thodox in expressing their opinion • School of the Prophets :" and we of its merits. It was mentioned in feel no hesitation in avowing our a tone of triumph, as deviating widefirm conviction that the system of ly from the evangelical system ; the doctrines taught there coincides public were congratulated on the substantially with the faith once rapid approximation of the Semdelivered to the saints.” Our per- inary at Andover to Unitarian views; sonal acquaintance with the author and the enemies of our faith seemed of the sermon which bas awakened with pleasure to watch and fan the so many prejudices and fears, leaves kindling flame of controversy be. us no room to doubt the general tween the " zealous orthodoxy of correctness of his opinions. And the South, and the learned ortho. it was the united opinion of those doxy of the North.” The editors who heard it, that it was a very sim- of Unitarian papers would have us ple and lucid exhibition of those believe that they felt themselves views which had been so ably de- quite orthodox by the side of Dr. fended in the Eastern controversy M., and that his sermon needed onwith Unitarians, and which they hall ly to be pruned of its ultra-Socinian supposed to be adopted by all who excrescences to become a very useembraced the opinions advanced by ful publication to be put in circulaMagee, West, and the writers of the tion by the “ Unitarian Tract Soci“ Selections on the Atonement.” ety of Baltimore.” Now, we ask We must confess too, that we read what must have been the probable it ourselves without detecting its effect of insinuations so false and heresy; and after perusing il re- insidious ? We leave those who peatedly, and with the assistance of have sullered from popularity with numerous reviews, we are still una- Unitarians to answer this question ble to perceive that it differs essen- for themselves; while to others we tially from the standard works to will only state the fact that in some vbich we have allinded.
instances these insinuations have How then can we account for so thrown such a suspiciousness over gross a misconception of Dr. Mur. the sermon, as to change the fadock's opinions ? Such a ques ion vourable opinion which had been is very proper; and we are sure a formed of its merits. satisfactory answer can be given. Another cause which has tended
The artful, insidious policy of its to create dissatisfaction with the enemies has of late done much to sermon of Dr. M. is, that it discusses bring the Seminary at Andover into only a part of the great subject of suspicion. When it was first estab- the atonement. Its title is general, lished, their attacks were open and and the public, expecting a develdecideıl, but after they found its opement of the whole subject, were Professors able to cope successfully disappointed in finding it imperfect. with them on the arena of public The author designed to examine ondiscussion, they changed their mode ly the manner in which the atope.