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nople the Treasury was pot replenished have fallen into the hands of the Royalsufficiently with money to enable the ists. Want of funds seems to be the chief government to obtain the necessary sp- source of embarrassment to the Patriot plies for such an important undertaking. 'The destruction of the magazines at Mexico is disunited and full of disquiet. Grand Cairo will prevent the Pacha of ude. The famous Iturbide is on his way Egypt fron furnishing the expedition to that country from England, where he with warlike stores, and thus it must be bas been for some inonths past residing: either allogether abandoned for this year, lie sailed in an armed vessel accompanied or be so defective in every necessary by a staff of fourteen persons, with a prosquality as to render the power of the Ot- pect of being joined by a numerous party tomans during the lourth compaign against in Mexico, who will assist him in recoverthe iudependence of Greece weaker than ering his abdicated throne. ever.

WEST AFRICA.- Intelligence has been ALGIERS.-No certain intelligence hag received that sir Charles M’Carthy, govbeen received of the differeuces being ad. ernor of the English settlements on the justed between England and Algiers. The Gold Coast, had been attacked and defeat. port was blockuiled, and the ley, rejecting ed by a body of Ashautees. The battle the terms proposed by the English Admi- wa fouglit on the 21st of January, near ral, was preparing for a booiba. Jment. Sicondee, and lasted four hours, when Sie For this end he had secured his shipping Charles, havinz expended all his ammuand was bringing down large forces fro: pition, was surrounded, and his army tbe interior.

completely routed. All his officers except SOUTH AMERICA,— The affairs of the one were killed or missing, and Sir C. Patriots in Peru and Chili are assuming himselt was supposed to be among the an unlavourable aspect. Callao haz fuller slain. The Ashantees came dowa 15000 into the hands of the Royalists, through strong; the division of Sir Charles was the treachery of the troops stationed in less than one third that number. The the forts, who mitined and hoisted the Aslantees also sustained great loss and it Spanish dick in consequence of not receive was not kuollo to what place they bad re. ing their wages. Lima, also, is said to tired.

Obituary. To the Editor of the Christian Spectator. The subje of this memoir was born

It is a compion and commendable prac- January 1737. The present period aftice, not only in our own country, but

fords no documents from which any parthroughout the civilized world, to give ticular and very interesting occurrencies some obituary notice of men who have of his early life, or youthful days, can be been eminent for talents and piety; and disclosed, with one exception. It is known who have deserved to have their memory

to have been the opinion of his pious parembalmed, and handed down to posterity. ents, and such godly persons as were best The writer of the following article has acquainted with his earliest days, that he been looking for and expecting something experienced the renewing influences of of the kind ever since the death of that the Holy Spirit, at four years of age. It great and good man, the Hon. JESSE was confidently believed, by those best Root. An expectation that it would be acquainted with him, that he was pious done by an abler pen has kept him from

from his earliest childhood. the attempt, until this late hour. But Aster improving his mind in childhood as no one has done it, a regard for and youth, by such advantages as were to the virtues, talents and superior excel. be cojoyed at a common school in a coun. lencies of departed worth, has induced try town, steps were taken to prepare his him to send you the following, to be dis

mind for an education of an higher grade. posed of as you see fit.

His thirst for improvement led to a col. The Hon. Jesse Root, who departed legiate education It was soop evident, as this life at his seat in Coventry, on the

I was informed many years ago by his in. 29th of March 18-22, was a native of that structor in the first rudiments of the lear. town. His ancestors were among the ned languages, that he had a mind above earliest and most respectable inhabitants

the common level. His progress was raof Coventry. His Father was Ebenezer pid, far beyond that of his fellow students. Root, a worthy and valuable citizen, who

Hlig academical education was at Nassau cate, when a youth from Northampton, Hall, New Jersey, under the presidency with Thomas his Father. Thomas, the of the celebrated Burr. He received the grand-father of Jesse Root, was the first first honors of that institution in 1756, be. Deacon of the church in Coventry. His

ing then in the 20th year of his age. molber was Sarah Strong the daughter of

At the close of his collegiate lise Mr. Joseph Strong, whose father was, also,

Root returned to Connecticut, his native from Northampton, and one of the early

State, and put himself in a course of pre. iababitants of Coventry.

paration for the gospel Ministry, on which his heart was principally set. The Rev. general; and especially in the dispute beSamuel Lockwood, afterwards the Rev. tween the then Colonies and the mother Dr. Lockwood, of Andover, a gentleman country. As an able, upright patriot be well known as an able, scientific and sound not only with his tongue, and pen, assertdivine, and of great celebrity as a chris- ed the rights of his country, but held him. tian minister, with whom he resided, was self ready, whenever called, to risk his his preceptor and guide in theological life in their defence. He possessed that studies. On the 29th of March 1757, a spirit of true patriotism which prefered little more than six months from his fin. an honorable death, in defence of the civil ishing his studies at College he was ad. and religious rights of men, to ignominious mitted as a Cardidate for the Ministry. vassallage ; or the chief station among a He was examined and licenced by a com- horde of slaves. In obedience to the call mittee of the South Association of Hart. of the beloved Washington, whose confi. ford County. As a preacher he was able dential friend he ever was, he made im. and acceptable. Popular talents, added mediate preparation to give up the sweets to a sound mind and pleasing manner, of domestic lise, and join the army of his commanded the attention and respect of country, then reduced to a small number, the judicious and good. But, in this em. and in continual, and great danger of being ployment he was not to continue. Aller overcome and ruined. This was about preaching for some length of time, it is the close of 1776. He received a Capbelieved not more than two, or at most tain's commission from the Governor of three years, he turned his mind to the stu- the State, bearing date Dec. 31st, 1776dy of Law as a course of preparation for enlisted a company in Hartford, wbere he that professional business in which he was then resided; and within three days from distinguished for many years,

the date of his commission was on hiz That Mr. Root did not leave the desk march, with a full company of volunteers, for the bar from any degree of coldness to the aid of the distressed Father of his towards the cause of Christ, nor any dis. country. This commission, within a few affection to the Christian Ministry, we days, was followed by an appointment to may be assured, from his long course of the rank of Lieut. Colonel of a Regiment, experimental and practical piety; as well by the General Assembly of this State, as his high estimation of, and almost un. then in session. From this he was advanparalelled attachmeut to, the ministers of ced, during the season, to the rank of Christ. In him the faithful, dear Adjutant General to a department; in Minister of Jesus ever found an open hear- which station he served till honorably disted, sincere, affectionate friend. His charged by Maj. Gen. Putoam the comhouse was the place of their resort ; and mander of the department. That branch he ever took a lively interest in their of the army to which he was attached be. respectability, usefulne:s, and comfort. ing reduced to oue Brigade, and the

The writer of this is very confident that Regiment of volunteers, of which he was in a free conversation with Judge Root Lieut. Colonel, discharged, he returned not long before his decease, he observed to the duties and enjoyments of domestic that the death of a brother in the war life; and to those of a faithful citizen in with the French and Indians, in the year his native state. But his well known 1759, made such a derangement of fanily worth did not suffer him to continue long prospects and concerns. as rendered his in private life. lu May 1779 he was chocontinuance with his parents necessary sen a Delegate lo the Congress of the Unithat this induced him to think of shifting ted States. In bat station he was conhis profession, and endeavoring to serve tinued until the close of the war in 1783. God, and his fellow men, in some other Io the most difficult and trying season employment. To this course he was ad. · which our country has witnessed-a pevised by the two principal and most influ. riod which tried men's souls,' he was one €ntial Lawyers in this part of Connecti. of the Governor's council of safety-one cut, and who were active in his introduc- of those judicious, faithful, evergetic men, tion to the bar. Al the February Term placed in a highly responsible station, and in Windham County, in 176.3, he was reg. co whose care were committed the most ularly admitted and licensed as an Allor- interesting and important concerns of the ney at Law.

State, and which involved the vital interFor many years Mr. Root was a learned ests of the nation. and able Jurist, and one of the first and Mr.Rool was repeatedly, and for a sucmost power ul advocates at the bar of our cession of years, elected to a seat at the curts. With frequent interruptions by Council board, one of the upper house the war of the revolution, and calls to of Assembly. important stations of honor and usefulncss, In May 1789 he was appointed an as. he continued at the bar twenty seven sistant Judge of the Superior Court of the years, until called to the bench of the Su- State. In that station he served the pub. perior Court of this State.

lic till the month of May 1796, when he He early took an active and lively in- was appointed presiding Judge, and chief terest in the concerns of his country in Justice of the State. This office he held,

and faithfully discharged its arduous du- house of God, interesting in religious conties, till the session of the Assembly in May ference a nd prayer, useful in civil society, 1807, when he voluntarily, and for impor- lovely and pleasant as a private compantant reasons, declined a reappointment. ion. The cause of Christ appeared to lie

It was long a settled maxim with Judge near his heart, and to possess the warmest Root, that offices of such high importance affections of his soul. To promote and ought in all cases to be relinquished secure this, he was ready to sacrifice evwhile in the full vigor of mental powers; so ery other interest. He did not, as many that the interests of the community might have done after pretending to preach not suffer through the imbecility and un- Christ, when he shifted his profession, avoidable incompetency of its public ser. leave his religion behind him, crucify vants. On this ground he gave up public afresh the Son of God, and put him to business, and retired to private life at three open shame. He carried his religion from score and ten. He took this step when the desk to the bar. He found it a solace he was as capable of public service as at and support in adversity-the ground of any period of his life ; and when no law animation and joy in prosperity-a sure forbid his continuance :-a mark of a guide to faithfulness in duty, and a polegreat mind, and sound wisdom. No man, star directing his path to a peaceful and it is believed, has, in this State, performed happy end of his lübors. the duties of these high and important is does not appear that Judge Root kept stations to greater advantage, and more a regular diary, although among his pa. general satisfaction. Few have equalled pers are a large number of manuscripts ou him. Possessing a sound mind, and ex- religious subjects. In one of these he relensive legal science, with a happy and cognizes a manifestation of God to his pleasing manner of communication, his soul, in a transporting and almost overremarks on the bench were engaging, and whelming view of divine things. his decisions luminous and impressive, It is dated I renton, Dec. 22,-1782. while his reasoning was forcible and con- "Friday morning, the happiest I ever clusive. He presided with solemn digni- beheld. Although I have frequeolly ex. ty, and at the same time with ease and a perienced something like it, I never had lovely mildness.

my heart so ravished with the beauty of Decision, and readiness to express, divine things-the excellent glory of God frankly, an opinion on all points of inpor- the Father—the infinite love, condescentance, as well in the private capacity of sion, and mercy of Jesus Christ the Son, a social friend, as in that of a Judye on the towards our ruined race; and his boundseat of justice, entered, deeply, into the less grace towarus me, a poor, miserable character of Judge Root.

sinful creature. The view was so trans. It is equally true of him that he was no. porting, I was scarce able to compose my. ted for punctuality in business. lle sell to go down to my breakfast, or to conwould never admit the idea that there ceal the tremor it produced in my nerves. is time enough yet,' and this and that Oh, my soul! what a blessed foretaste of concern of weight might for the pre- the joys of heaven, with which thou wilt seot be neglected. Impressed with the forever solace thyself! Oh! what is the truth that now is the accepted tine,' world and all its pleasures to one mo. no appointment, no important business, meut's bliss ?-what all the friendship of was either neglected or postponed to a the world compared to the divine unfailmore convenient seasou.'

ing love of this greatest and best of A distinguishing and most excellent friends :" trait of character in Judye Rout was emi- The glory of Christ, and his dignity, pent piety. This gave a lustre to all his not only as the Son of God, but as God other accomplishments, and put the finish- over all, he maintained with Christian ing stroke to his character. Pious in ear- ardor, and manly strength. He had a ly life, as he advanced in years he grew clear and impressive view of the bearing in religious knowledge, in spiritual and of this doctrine on the christian scheme in holy exercises of heari, in love to God and general. lle did believe, and was ready man, in experimental acquaintance with to say, in the language of the Fathers, the truths of God's word, with the con- that it is Arliculus slanlis el cadentis ecnexion between this and the world to clesiæ-that if this doctrine be given up, come, and with the influence of true faith the basis of the church is destroyed, the upon all the duties and actions of life. . gospel prostrated, and the foundation of

True piety is important and dignified the christian's hope swept away. in its appearance and influence in the low- Well does the writer of this recollect er stations and walks of life; but more es- with what scriptural knowledge, strength pecially so in such as are exalted to rule of argument, and christian fervor, he deover med-to bear the civil sword, and fended this fundamental truth, when it be examples to their fellow.med. Reli- was attacked in the church to which he gion in Judge Root appeared to uncoin. belonged. While some were oppressed mon advantage. It rendered him dignifi, with great fear, that a bold opposition ed on the seat of justice, venerable in the to the dangerous error, might cause divis.

ses »

ion, and rend the society in pieces, he dren and youth. He returned in the eve-
said to this effect, No danger--the church ning from this service-sat up late-read
is in good hands-God will take care of his some religious publications that he had
own interest-We must pursue duly, and received in the course of the day-retired
trust the issue with Him who has engaged to rest, and went out no more.
to support his own cause.

His last illness was short, only seren
Judge Root was a practical man. He days, and extremely distressing. The
well knew that the purposes of God are distresses of the body, however, did not
accomplished by means; and that we can overcome and destroy his mental powers,
trust in God for po desired good, only in nor shake his hope in God. His great
putting forth suitable exertions to obtain mind withstood the wreck of nature, and
it. While he firmly believed in experi- looked with calm serenity, and a native
mental piety, he considered the comfort. dignity, abore the cloud. He possessed
ing evidence as growing out of its effects. a placid and serene mind-lively hopes-
- When piety exists in the heart, it shines in quiet submission, and esemplary patience.
the life ; and when the heart is warmed When asked in the course of his illness if
by the love of God, acts of piety appear as he did not think it his lasl, he replied with
its genuine fruit. So he believed, and a smile, “I do'nt know-I have been very
could say with the Apostle, shew me thy sick several times, and recovered-Bit
faith withoul thy works, and I will sheio one thing I know, it will be as God plea-
thee my faith by my works. It is thought
it might have been said while he lived, A lively vicw of the evil of sin, and of
“ His fruits of holiness appear,

the greatness of his own sin, entered deepLike clusters on the vine.”

ly into his feelings He most freely ac

knowledged himself a great sinner ; but He not only carefully attended all the added, as a comforting ground of hope, public ordinances of religion; but it was “ We have a great Saviour.” Hence one a steady and regular part of his christian of his last and most feeling prayers, " Par. labors to relieve the wants of the poor- don my sin, O Lord, for it is great." The to visit the chambers of distress-to con- infinite fulness of the atonement, and that verge, and pray with the sick and dying. resting entirely on the Deity of Christ, The poor, the widow, and the fatherless was all his hope. In view of this he was around him, will remember his christian filled with animation and joy. Conversvisits-bis deels of liberality, and love. ing but a day or two before his death, on The poet seems to have portrayed his divine things, he appeared to be peculiarcharacter, emphatically :

ly animated, and by joyful anticipations “ His liberal favors he extends,

lo rise above the world. At length, after To some he gives, to others lends; a short pause, he said, “I must attend a

A generous pity 6lls his mind; little to my temporal affairs ; appearing, Yet what his charity impairs,

as the friend conversing with him obseryHe saves by prudeuce in affairs,

ed, that it was difficult to bring down his And thus he's just to all mankind ”

mind from the height he was soaring, and

the glory he was contemplating, to attend Though Judge Root lived to a great to the grovelling trifles of the world. age it could not be said he outlived his On the morning previous to his death, usefulness. His reason and judgment, as he was thought hy himself and his friends, well as bodily activity held ont to an un- to be actually dying. But he revired and common degree. He was able to attend struggled through the day. At the close of conferences, and prayer meetings and take the day on the evening of which he died, an active part, at the advanced age of 85 and about the setting of the sun, he said to years.

his daughter who stood by him." I sat out He cheersully, and even to the last, de- on a pleasant journey in the morning, and voted a portion of his time and strength to I shall get through to-night " These were the rising generation ; and was active and the last wor Is he distinctly uttered. And diligent in superintending schools, and so it was-bis journey ended and his life laboring to render effectual the means of closed, early in the evening. Thus lived, education. No longer than one week be. and thus died, The Hon. Jesse Root. fore his departure he spent the day in Mark the perfect man, and behold the up visiting schools, and instructing the chil. right; for the end of that man is peace.

1

Answers to correspondents. T. S.; M. K. ; and an anonymous communication are received.

We have received two copies of a Communication on the Parable of the ten virgins. The writer's objections to the common allegorical exposition of the parable are un. doubtedly just; but we would suggest, respectfully, whether the explanation given by himself be not equally objectionable on the ground that it is founded, like the other, on principles of interpretation which have always embarrassed ralher than elocidated the sacred writings.

THE

CHRISTIAN SPECTATOR.

No. 8.]

AUGUST 1, 1824.

[Vol. VI.

Beligious Communications.
For the Christian Spectator.

latter class, who are emphatically A still more expeditious Way of styled ' false teachers' and blind Doing Good.

guides,' are more particularly in

tended in the request, which is now Prayer for the youth in our col

made of the friends of the Redeemer, leges has been urged by this, among to pray for the conversion of unconother motives ; that it is a more ex

verted ministers. peditious way of supplying the wold

Among the reasons which lead with good ministers than to do it by

me to believe that false teachers are ineans of Education Societies. The

now to be found in the Christian argument is this ; that these youth world, I will state the following. being already far advanced in

1. Such teachers, we know, extheir education, would, in case of isted in the days of inspiration. their being furnished with spiritual There were false prophets in the qualifications, be sooner employed Jewish, and false apostles and teachin the infioitely important work of

ers in the Christian Church. This turning men to righteousness. The fact is made certain by those men still more expeditious way of doing who spake not of themselves, but as good, which I am about to propose, they were moved by the Holy Ghost. is to pray for the conversion of un

In some instances they even pointed concerted ministers. These are not

out the false prophets and false merely far advanced in preparatory teachers by name. Jeremiah menstudies, but are actually invested tions by name several of the false with the ministerial office. No pe prophets of his day. In the days of cuniary expense is needed to prepare Elijah, the false prophets in Israel them to become good ministers of

were altogether more numerous than Jesus Christ. All they need is a

the true prophets. Paul complains new heart. And for this blessing much of the trouble which he had all the friends of Zion ought devout- from false teachers. Such trouble ly to pray. But how do we know, he bad in the churches of Galatia it may be asked, that there are any and Corinthi. These teachers le ministers of this description ? My evidently considered as destroying first object will be to show that it is what he himself built up. In his potuvcharitable to believe, that second Epistle to Timothy he names teachers of this class are to be found Hymeneus and Pbiletus, as two corin the Christian world, and within

rupt teachers, whose word did eat the pale of tbe visible Church.

Uo- like a canker. converted ministers may be divided

This proves beyond controversy into two classes, namely, those who to every man who believes the inspipreach the truth, without having any ration of the Scriptures, not merely experimental knowledge of it, and that it is a possible thing that false those who preach false doctrines. The teachers should exist; but that

Vol. VI. No. 8. 50

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