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all complete. Beside the bed is a wash-spruce, balsam, and fir, with the bark stand, also bark-covered, and rather an left on. A dozen different varieties of ornamental piece of furniture. Next is wood, all of them gathered in the immethe book-case, capable of holding a couple diate neighborhood, enter into the comof hundred volumes, which are there too. position of this home-made piece of furThe upper shelf holds many mantel trea- niture. Its top is an inviting litter of sures and bits of bric-à-brac. A clock newspapers, manuscripts, writing utenticks the hours away cheerfully; back-sils, pipes, tobacco, cigars, and what not. gammon, chess, a cribbage-board, field-Out of this confusion rises a studentglasses, a piece or two of pottery, a smok- lamp, and just now a dish of fruit. Here ing set, a flask (it contains medicine), and is a chintz-covered ottoman, which you numerous other ornaments are there. can open-but pray don't! Here is a This book-case, by-the-way, furnishes a trunk, which does not look at all like a modest specimen of what may be made of the native woods here, its material consisting chiefly of black ash, which, when oiled and varnished, is an extremely pretty wood. Here is room for a writing-table, which the Reporter made in odd moments when he could use the jackknife to at least better purpose than a pen. The table is baize-covered, a part of the wood-work being light, with which is contrasted
INTERIOR OF TENT.
trunk, hidden as it is by a gay-colored | November, was strong enough to pull up travelling rug, and made to serve as a the stakes with his own hands. It would seat. Here is a sleep-inviting easy-chair, be absurd to deny that camping out, when and here one of rustic design, home-made, done for health and not sport, and when like the table. Against the inner upright made to cover a period of four or five pole hangs a mirror surmounted by a months, becomes at times wearisome; yet deer's head, which the Reporter did not the camp life of an invalid may be made, shoot himself. At night, when the air as has been shown, physically comfortgrows chilly, these tent flaps are let down, able, even to a degree of luxury, while it the one lapping well over the other, and will be pleasant precisely in proportion this board, running lengthwise and form- to one's own resources for making it so. ing a part of the piazza, is raised on hinges, The three degrees of comfort attainable the flaps drawn secure, and the board then where invalidism is an accompaniment of let down, holding the canvas so tight that the camping-out experiment, may be thus a fly can not crawlin. Many an evening, | placed : If the patient is in the earlier when the October winds have howled sav- stages of the disease, able to roam about agely through the great forest, you might at will, possessed of an honest love of nahave envied the Reporter and his wife sit- ture, and with that propensity for rod and ting here in this canvas habitation, the gun which is generally believed to be an fire blazing cheerily, the student - lamp inborn and universal trait of the animal lighted, and as cozy an atmosphere of se- man, there is no reason why his camp life clusion surrounding everything as if with should not afford him superlative happiin the cherished precincts of home.
Again, supposing him still strong If you make the wilderness experiment, enough to enjoy all physical comforts, and whatever else you may be forced to dis- to feel a well man's interest in what is pense with, buy a good tent, and fit it up taking place, then, even if he have no taste comfortably. It would be useless to un- for the sportsman's pursuits, the camp dertake 'to describe what sleeping in a may nevertheless represent comparative tent is like. It is like nothing else in the contentment. But if he be an actual world. It is one of the subtle pleasures sufferer from the more acute phthisical of this life which must be experienced to symptoms, doomed to wearying inaction, be in any way understood. The perfect and additionally unfortunate in possesspurity of the air one breathes, the processing neither a love of sport nor a mind to es of ventilation which are constantly go-grasp the beauties of nature, his lot in the ing on, the sense of security, even when wilderness may seem to him one of posithe winds are whistling about your frail tive misery. Yet in so deplorable a conshelter, the awaking in the morning to an dition it may be questioned whether he atmosphere absolutely free from that pe- would not be positively miserable anyculiar stilling odor which is perceptible where. even in the best ventilated sleeping-rooms Companionship will go a great way to--all these things combine to make the ward making the wilderness exile pleatent a bedroom so delicious that the fate sant. With wife and children-and it is of Endymion would become a blessing. wholly practicable that these should come
One can not sleep always, however, —the patient stands in little need of symeven in camp. Days will come when the pathy, so far as his isolation is concerned. monotony of this manner of life will In any case, some one near of kin and doubtless oppress the invalid—when the dear to heart should, if possible, bear the grandeur of the scene about him will fail | health-seeker company. Then the conutterly to compensate for the absence of sciousness that one is gaining, even if it familiar faces and accustomed pursuits. be by inches, is a potent aid in the fight He will long for that exhilaration which against disease. To a greater degree than is the charm of active life. It is then, of any other method of cure which the docall times, that he needs to bring his philos- tors have advocated, this camping out ophy and his pluck into play. It is then tends to turn a man's thoughts away from that he may with profit remember the Re- his own condition. That is no small porter, who could discover no improve thing in itself. One can not live very ment in his condition for weeks after get long in St. Augustine or Santa Barbara, ting into camp, but who, when he took an invalid himself, without daily contact down his tent in a driving snow-storm in with those suffering from the same mal
ady, and seeking the same end by precise | For the daily routine labors in a permaly the same measures. That end has not nent camp are neither very burdensome been reached often enough to make the nor very numerous. The chief difficulty subject an encouraging one for conversa- is to find a really good man who takes tion. And yet a dozen invalids thrown together will inevitably turn to their ills as the one theme in which there is unanimous interest. Still worse, on this account, is any regular sanitarium, where the constant society of those similarly afflicted must be, as it always has been, a serious drawback to recovery. In the wilderness camp the patient is effectually removed from all these unfavorable conditions. Then, too, his isolation is not allied to that sense of lonesomeness which attends those who seek more remote resorts. The Reporter addresses himself now, of course, to those who dwell in the Eastern and Middle States, for from this vast region thousands of health - seekers have gone forth in the past, journeying to faraway places, nor ever bethinking them of the rare virtues of this forest which lay, as it were, at their doors. Probably every physician of much experience has had occasion to note the ill effects which frequently attend this removal from home and friends. There is a kind of heartyearning--call it homesickness if you please—which takes hold of a sick man banished to unfamiliar places, too strong
ST. JOHN'S CHURCH IN THE WILDERNESS, NEAR to be resisted. Now, while an Adiron
"PAUL" SMITH's. dack camp may seem cut off from the busy world as completely as a South Pa- kindly to this sort of life. Very many cific island, yet the invalid knows that in of them prefer the much harder task of fact he is not very far away from his “guiding" proper, with its attendant exhome. He knows that the journey back citement and nomadic charm. is no very great undertaking. In short, haps this is not to be wondered at, for he knows that he can put an end to his their lives monotonous enough voluntary banishment to-morrow if he through a greater portion of the year to chooses. And that gives him courage to make them keenly appreciative of the remain to-day. So far as the Reporter's company of pleasure-seeking sportsmen. own case is concerned, this sense of free Then, too, many of them feel, and rightdom to do as he pleased went a good way ly, that they are capable of something toward making camp life endurable. better than washing dishes and making
The domestic economy of the camp is beds. There is, indeed, no reason why generally intrusted to the guide; and if the ordinary work of the invalid's camp he be the right sort of a man, this method should not be performed by a woman. saves considerable trouble. If, however, The duties would not be unlike those of a more direct supervision of affairs be the average hired girl in the average city come desirable, there is no reason why it house. To cook the food would be her can not be exercised. Supposing the camp chief task. Add to the woman a strong to contain but two persons, the invalid active boy to chop wood, draw water, and and his companion, and supposing fur- run errands, and the domestic machinery ther that the money question can not be of a camp could certainly be kept in hareliminated from the wilderness experi- monious motion. While the services of ment, then one competent guide should a guide are always desirable, and indisbe counted as sufficient for all the work. I pensable if the invalid intend to devote
himself to hunting and fishing, this sug- | to a thousand Americans upon whom gestion is made for the benefit of those consumption has laid its skeleton hand, who care nothing for sport, and who may the long journey to Switzerland would be be compelled to economize in order to as impossible as a journey to the moon, make the experiment at all.
this wilderness experiment may be made Accepting the theory, which is held to by all, and made with small outlay of by most medical authorities of the day, money, and little physical discomfort. that phthisis is a disease requiring in its A variety of ways of spending the wintreatment an abundance of the most nu- ter in the Adirondacks is opened to the tritious food, the invalid in the woods health-seeker. The greater number of finds himself in a peculiarly fortunate po- those who have thus far tried the experisition. For here, supposing him always ment have taken up their abode in Sarwithin easy reach of “Paul" Smith's, he anac Lake. This is a midge of a town may obtain, with comparatively little trou- lying on the Saranac River, thirteen ble, almost anything he desires to eat. A miles from “Paul" Smith's, and six from well-supplied store in the hotel furnishes Bloomingdale. It was here that Dr. Trualike the staple articles of food and many deau, the pioneer of the present little coldelicacies. Beef, mutton, and poultry ony of St. Regis health-hunters, spent his are always to be had. In its season, ven- first winter in the woods, and to that fact, ison, while not superabundant, can gen- rather than to any special advantages erally be obtained as often as the patient possessed by the place, is due the followcraves it. Speckled trout, fresh from the ing of other experimenters. To those clear waters of the mountain streams, who depend largely upon society for recare as plentiful as smelts in Fulton Mar- reation, Saranac is to be recommended ket. Later, the partridge tempts the ap- as the most desirable point. Such faint petite, and is supplied at surprisingly glimmerings of social gayeties as are to cheap rates. Fresh eggs, pure milk, and be found anywhere in the woods excellent butter are all to be had from shine in Saranac. There is one moderthe inhabitants or hotel. In short, if ately large boarding-house, and a numgood living will enable a man to conquer ber of smaller ones, designed especially consumption, this is the spot to win the for the accommodation of winter guests. victory.
There is a post-office, which gets a daily The year in the wilderness naturally mail, and there are churches, a schooldivides itself in the invalid's calendar house, a village store with its customainto two seasons—that of camp life, and iy multifarious treasures, and telegraphic that of house life. The former, although communication with the outside world. necessarily varying in length, may be set These advantages are likewise possessed down as covering at its maximum five by Bloomingdale, which would afford an months. It will seldom be safe to go into equally desirable home to the winter socamp earlier than the first of June, nor journer. Now and then a guest has reis it practicable to remain later than the mained through the winter at “Paul" first of November. The intervening sev- Smith's, but as a rule the house is closed en months constitute the winter season at that season. The Reporter preferred in the wilderness; that is, the season of to make his winter home in a farmhouse life.
house midway between Bloomingdale It is by no means a new theory, how- and “Paul" Smith's. So far as climatic ever sharply it may conflict with the benefits are concerned, it is a matter of generally accepted belief, this sending little consequence where the patient repulmonary patients to winter in a cold mains, so long as he keeps within the region. The virtues of the Alps have boundaries of the St. Regis region. been put to the test for many years, and The Reporter is forced to admit that in with results that justify the practice. An his own case the Adirondack winter failed interesting paper bearing on this subject miserably to sustain its reputation for was printed some years ago in the Fort- evenness of temperature. This, however, nightly Review, under the title of “Davos must be attributed to the exceptional in Winter." The writer claimed much character of the season of 1879–80. As for the little Alpine village, but all that a rule, the winter months here will be he said could be applied with equal force found dry, cold, and almost entirely free to the St. Regis country. And whereas, from thaws; as a rule, also, the snow-fall is abundant, and three or four months of the atmosphere in a wilderness house is continuous sleighing may be counted incomparably purer than that the patient upon with certainty. In winter, as in would breathe in his city home. While, summer, the first duty of the patient therefore, the change from tent to bedshould be to live out-of-doors as much of room may here be accompanied with some the time as is practicable. If not strong unpleasant effects, it is apparent that such enough to hunt-and winter hunting is change is far less productive of evil than rare good sport here-or to tramp over the would be the transition from the woods snow-covered roads, then he may resort to the city house. It is a good thing to to riding, and thus secure the benefits of remember that, whether in-doors or out, the bracing air. With a reasonable we breathe the air that surrounds us. If amount of care, there is no danger of tak that air is pure outside, it will be proporing cold, nor need the health-hunter be tionately pure within. And with no frightened out of his daily drive by storm, noxious odors, no defective drains or gasor wind, or snow. Inwrapped in a buffa- pipes, no wretched furnaces or heaters, no lo-skin coat—which, by-the-way, is to be double windows to shut out the oxygenrecommended as the garment of all others with none of these abominations, but, in for riding-the Reporter found himself place thereof, cheery wood fires, open perfectly comfortable with the thermome- chimney - places, and a surrounding atter marking forty degrees below zero. It mosphere of absolute purity, it must be is simply amazing how much cold even a admitted that in-door life in the Adironsick man can endure here, and with less dacks gives the lungs something very difdiscomfort than would be experienced in ferent from the air of the average town an average winter in New York city. house. To all who may be induced to try
Wherever the winter sojourner may the wilderness experiment, the Reporter take up his quarters, whether at Sara- reiterates the advice-stay through the nac, Bloomingdale,“ Paul" Smith's, or winter. Even if the camping season fail in a farm-house, he will need to look to to accomplish any perceptible good, let the the outside world for one important item patient hold fast to his faith in the coldof food, viz., beef. Adirondack beef is weather theory. tougher than anything in this world with The winter brings the invalid sojournwhich it has been the lot of the Reporter er into much closer relationship to the nato grapple-an assertion not lacking in tive inhabitants than does the period of solemnity when it is remembered that re- camp life. If, as Mr. Richard Grant White portorial experience familiarizes a fellow has somewhere recorded, “there is nothwith criminals, politicians, and the oring in the world more charming than simthography of the man who writes gratui- ple, unpretending ignorance, nothing more tous communications (on both sides of the respectable, nothing surer to elicit sympasheet) to the daily press. Barring the thy from healthy minds," then, to find beef, a wholesome and nutritious diet may what is supremely charming, overwhelmbe counted upon in the winter boarding- ingly respectable, and superlatively dehouses.
serving of sympathy, Mr. White and the With pleasant in-door surroundings, a rest of the world have only to come up good table, a daily drive of two or three here and mingle with these Adirondack hours, an occasional jaunt on foot, plenty backwoodsmen. Nowhere else is it so of books and newspapers--you will get easy to divide mankind into distinct classyour mail every day, as in summer-and, es, at once comprehensive and immutaabove all, the cheering consciousness of ble, as here. For in the St. Regis coun: steady progress toward recovery, this win- try every man must be either a guide or ter exile in the wilderness is by no means a sportsman. For the qualifications of so terrible a thing as one might at first the latter, it may be enough to explain suppose. Perhaps there will be some re- that the Reporter, who had never jointed turn of the bad symptoms upon removing a rod nor sighted a gun in his life, was from the camp to house quarters. That not fairly in the wilderness before he disneed cause
no alarm. After sleeping covered that he came under the all-abthree or four months in a tent, any room, sorbing head-that he was a sportsman! however well ventilated, will at first seem The guide is a more interesting if less close and stifling. The lungs have grown comprehensive species. Even his nationacutely sensitive to vitiated air. Still, / ality is a sort of unsolved problem. Ca