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perties in the Lowest Types of Animal Life.—Unity in

the Progressive Development of Mind and Body in the

Animal Kingdom.-Sensation the first indication of

Mind.—Psychical Properties of the Sea-Anemone.—The

Actinia and the Human Infant.-—~ Animal” or “Na-

tural Instinct.”—Its universality in the Animal Kingdom.

-The Insect Races: their Higher Psychical Powers ;

Fitness of these for the uses of their various Organs,

Members, and Actions.—Necessity of the Higher Psy-

chical Powers of Insects.—The Bee.--Its Emotions.-

Experiment to prove the presence of its Feeling of

Anger.—Do Bees think ?-Absence of Educability in

Instinct.—“Rational Instinct.”—“Reason,” or Intel-

ligence : its Relations to the Cerebrum.—Educability

and Design, or Conscious Motive, two of its Charac-

teristics.—The two Crows and the Dog._"Instinctive

Intelligence.”—The Domesticated Animals and Man.-

Nature of the Dog.-Its Moral Worth; its Sense of

Duty.—Treatment of Domesticated Animals and Chil-

dren.-Attributes of Perfect Animals compared with

those of Imperfect Men.—Characteristics of Humanity,

the Analogues of the Nobler Traits in the Higher Ani-


Tillotson's Views of the Moral Instincts of Man

confirmed by Comparative Psychology.—The Dog and

the Man.—Man and the Deity.–Summary of the Mental

Attributes of Animals.—Retrospect.—Are the Worm,

the Fly, and the Bee commonplace and uninteresting ?-

Which is the most indispensable ?—The care of the

Almighty for all His Works.—The various means em-

ployed by Him to attain similar ends.—His care of us.

-The Relation of the Humble Creatures to ourselves,

and our Relation to God.-Conclusion



PL. II. ...

page 16

Fig. 1. Worker-bee: a, head; b, thorax; c, abdomen.

1, 2, 3, legs; 4, 5, wings; 6, antennæ;

7, sting.
Fig. 2. Queen-bee: a, b, c, head, thorax, and ab-

domen; 0, sting.
Fig. 3. Drone : the letters as in fig. 2.


Fig. 1. Head of Worker-bee: a, a, compound eyes;

b, b, b, simple eyes; c, antennæ; d, closed

Fig. 2. Lateral view of abdomen.
Fig. 3. Ventral view of ditto.
Fig. 4. Gastric teeth of Worker.


Fig. 1. Portion of compound eye of Bee : a, a, a, cor-

neal lenses ; 11 and 12, their component lenses; b, b, conical lenses; c, c, intermediate spaces (diaphragm); d, d, d, pigmentum nigrum (dark colouring-matter for isolation of lenses); e, e, e, expansions of optic nerves.

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