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Fig. 2. Portion of the cornea, showing the lenses,
with subjacent colouring-matter.
of the lenses and nerves.
is seen the optic nerve.
of the stemmata.
· page 38
Pl. V. ....
vestigation : a, antennæ or feelers; b, b, man-
tongue; e, labial palpi.
sensory organs” and nerves (a).
fied, showing sensory organs.
to which the hooks of the posterior wing
chanter; c, femur; d, tibia; e, e', tarsus
j, junction of tibia and tarsus (pollen-basket).
and cup-shaped cushion, a.
Fig. 5. Anatomy of sting: a, sheath; b, piercers ;
c, site of poison-bag.
gullet; b, crop, or honey-bag ; c, stomach ;
d, biliary tubes; e, colon.
tion to the left is one half of the respiratory
and b, wide ends of ovarian tubes.
C, C, proper oviducts; e, common oviduct;
P, poison-secreting tube.
gress, before passing through tubes, at b, into
Fig. 4. Crystals of sugar and honey: a, honey crystal;
b, sugar crystal; c, sugar crystal, found par-
hexagonal cells, and q c, queen-cells.
Page 3, line 2, after finding insert it.
15, for figs. 1, e, & 3 read figs. 1, é', & 3.
HONEY-B E E.
It would be paying but a poor compliment to those talented authors who have at various times sought to interest and instruct mankind through the publication of works on the natural history of the Common HiveBee, if we were to justify our selection of this insect as the subject of our second little Treatise on Humble Creatures, on the ground that we deemed it necessary for the purpose of rendering it familiar to the popular mind.
Hundreds of such works, including several of marked excellence, have been given to the world; but recent improvements in the microscope, and our daily increasing store of physiological knowledge, constantly lead to the revelation of new facts in regard to this and other insects, in addition to those already ascertained ; and every day we find old and apparently
well-established theories fading away and giving place to others of a totally different character; so much so, that it may with justice be said that we are still engaged in studying the introduction to this branch of natural science.
The Bee, too, is peculiarly adapted not only for the investigation of insect anatomy, but also to aid in that of the progressive mental development of the animal races.
Its structure, external as well as internal, is extremely beautiful and complicated, presenting numerous features, suited to its well-known habits of life, that are found in no other creature; and without reference to its wax- and honey-making properties, which render it especially interesting to man, we may add that its highly developed instinctive faculties, which constitute the moving spring of its various natural operations, cause it, in this respect, to hold the first rank in the invertebrate province of the Animal Kingdom ; indeed some of its acts, if performed by man instead of by one of the lower animals, would be esteemed little short of miracles.
You may perhaps be disposed, reader, to regard this last assertion as somewhat exaggerated; but if you will accompany us in the consideration of a few of the phenomena of Bee-life, you will find that it is fully borne out by well-acknowledged facts.
Suppose yourself transported on board of one of those huge American 'steamers plying up and down the Mississippi, and that, falling short of provisions, you are some fine morning set on shore by the cap