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want every thing within my reach; or, rather, asking a question; he would as soon have quesevery thing beyond my reach. Any desired ob- tioned his off-deacon. ject that comes within that tempting distance I As Driggs “never told his love," or any thing begin to depreciate, and once in my possession else for that matter, his friends found out that I am apt to despise it. Hence, I am always he was married by reading the announcement neglecting the “bird in the hand,” and running in that beatific corner of a village newspaper a wild-goose chase (in defiance of the old prov- decorated (very appropriately) with a transfixerb) after “the two in the bush;" and this ed heart. None of us were surprised, for nobrings me to my story, for but for this weakness thing that he could have done would have surI should now have been an old bachelor, and prised any body. We all thought that we should (but don't send this number of the Magazine to like to have seen the courtship; but there was my house !) my wife would probably have been no courtship. He managed the matter in his an old maid. Let me go on in my own dis- own way. He didn't “pop” the question like cursive way and you shall know all about it. an impulsive lover, but propounded it like a
cool-headed lawyer; and the poor girl doubtIt is notorious that bachelors, like Jews, are less said “Yes,” because no mortal could have a persecuted race. Their most active persecu- met that stolid face of his with a “No”—said tors (I speak of the bachelors—I am a persecu- “Yes," and the one and a half (I repudiate the tor of the Jews myself) are those who are bound idea of the equality of the sexes) were forth with in the bonds of wedlock, and who will persist made one-and that one Joseph Driggs. that every body shall be “both almost and al- Now Driggs had an affection for me, and a together such as they are,” including “these devotion which nothing could shake--not even bonds.” I was a victim of this persecution for sitting up with me a fortnight when I had the I dare not say how many years, and for a long chills and fever. It was his firm belief that I time was the special care of a society instituted couldn't take care of myself, and that he was in Connecticut (my native State) for the “con- my special providence. He was resolved, thereversion and coupling of single men and wo- fore, whatever happened, to “put me through" men.”
- not that he ever used so fast an expression, It was plain from the beginning that I should but that was his idea--to put me through. Behave to give in. I was a marked man. Ste- ing the exact opposite of himself, he took, or, as phen Pearl Andrews could not have saved me. Fanny Kemble would say, cottoned to me. He But I fought long and manfully against my was the best scholar in our class, and helped me fate, and fell at last under circumstances which through all my troubles, though in such a droll it was impossible to resist. Let the reader way as to make me half suspect that I was helpjudge.
ing him; in fact, I got the credit of so doing, During the long period of my single life my though I don't now remember ever having helpmost intimate companion was a young man by ed him in any other way except through an octhe name of Driggs, who was one of my class-casional dinner. And having seen me safely mates in college. Now if any one of an anti-through college, he determined to see me safethetical turn of mind will describe a character ly through life. Indeed, I found out, the other the exact opposite of what is called a fast man, day, that he had actually secured a place for he will describe my friend Driggs to the life. me at Greenwood, and had composed my epiHe was the slowest man in the world-slow in taph! thought, slow in speech, slow in gait, slow in Now a part of his plan, it seems, was that I every thing but cating, drinking, and paying should marry; but, understanding the weak his scot. But though slow, he was sure. What point in my character, he knew very well that ever he undertook he accomplished. You could I should never fall in love with any woman no more move him than you could move a whom I was at all likely to obtain, though he mountain, but he would move you, or any body gave full credit to my sensitiveness (another or any thing, at will. How he did it nobody weak point) to female charms. Unfortunately, knew, but there was no resisting him. He ask- I had always found those women most charmed nothing, and got every thing. He came upon ing who were married, or, at any rate, engaged. you when he had an object to gain (as he gen- The question was, how to obviate this difficulty erally had) unawares, and without observation, for marry I must, if I had to be chloroformed and moved steadily on, as though drawn by a into it. It is needless to say that this resolumillion or two snails, who couldn't be hurried tion on the part of my friend was never even on any account whatever; but on the other suspected by myself, else he had surely been hand, couldn't be stopped, and carried every foiled, and Miss had not now rejoiced in thing along with them. One day he resolved to the name of Mrs. Crawfish! In fact, though marry. He went to a farm-house, told the farm- he was always speaking to me about my future, er he wanted his daughter, told the same thing he never once alluded to marriage. I often led in course of conversation to the daughter her- him up to the subject, but he didn't appear to self, and the next week came in a one-horse like the look of it; it was like leading a horse chaise, took the young woman to church, and who had just been drinking to a spring; he got the minister, after sermon, to marry him to would glance at it, pause for a moment, and her, which, of course, the minister did, without then turn his long head round at me (very horse
like, that), as who should say, “How stupid you seemed as if her happy soul, no longer able to
contain itself, had broken loose and flooded her Well, about six months after Driggs had set whole countenance ! the example he meant I should follow, I met As for Miss Thorp, I hardly gave her a him in Broadway (for we both had settled in thought. I really had not noticed her enough New York), with a lady on each arm, and look- to know the color of her eyes. I don't believe ing for all the world like a steam-tug being I looked her fair in the face once the whole towed down stream (in reversal of the usual or- evening. The idea that she was single, perder) by two little yachts. “Yacht No. 1,” said haps free, and that possibly my friend Driggs I to myself, “ is evidently Mrs. Driggs. What imagined she would “do for me," prevented a splendid woman she is, to be sure! What my taking the least interest in her.
The only luck some people have in this world! What feeling I had in respect to her was that she could she have seen in Driggs?" Yacht No. 2 ought to have been Mrs. Driggs, and that Mrs. I didn't much like. I approved neither her cut Driggs ought to have been Mrs. Crawfish; and nor her rig; she looked too much like a smack. I pitched into the Fates that it was not so. I had just got this ridiculous idea of the smack in What right had Driggs, a dull, slow, unromanmy head when I came full upon the party, and, tic creature, to up and marry an angelic, sehailing Driggs, asked him where he was bound, raphic being like Kate Thorp? Who would and (sotto voce) how he happened to be under dare to talk to me after this about matches besuch charming convoy? The result was an im- ing made in Heaven? mediate introduction all round, one of the la- Twice I wrote a note to my friend, pretenddies turning out, as I had supposed, to be my ing that circumstances—" circumstances over friend's wife, and the other her sister-Miss which I had no control”—would deprive me of Thorp.
the pleasure of dining with him, but in neither “Will you join us ?" said Driggs; we are instance had the resolution to send it. The fact going to take an ice-cream.”
is I was conscience-stricken. Suppose a second Nothing, of course, would give me greater sight of Mrs. Driggs should make me love her pleasure; so I offered my arm at once to Miss still more-should "feed my guilty passion," as Thorp (though not without a look at her sister, the novelists say. But was it my fault that I which said plainly enough that I had no choice loved her the moment I saw her? Didn't in the matter, else, etc.), and in a few moments Driggs probably do the same thing? Again; we were at Maillard's, where we spent nearly an if I am so made that a certain combination of hour-my friend Driggs in such unusual spirits features, a certain air, a certain feminine makethat twice he positively smiled, and I the un- up, in fine, a certain style of woman, sets my happiest and awkwardest of mortals. The only heart on fire, am I to blame for it? To all moment I enjoyed was that spent in congratu- which Conscience replied, “ Fool that you are, lating my old classmate, and consequently com- do you not know that you love that woman only plimenting his wife, who looked-well, if I must because she is another's ? That if she were say it, looked divinely. But my chief attention single and attainable you would not, perhaps, had to be paid to Miss Thorp, whom I decided deign to look at her? That, in truth, her beauat once to be very pert, very homely, very mat- ty had nothing do with the matter, and you ter-of-fact, and, in a word (under the circum- ought to cure yourself of this terrible propensity stances), a great bore. Still, I deported my- of coveting what is another's?” But I appealed self gallantly to her, spilled but one spoonful to Conscience to answer me if Mrs. Driggs was of cream upon her dress, and doubtless gave her not the most beautiful of women ; if, therefore, the idea that she had made a most favorable I could help admiring her; if Driggs himself impression. Ice-cream finished, conversation did not introduce me, etc. But it was of no use; run out, and the hour getting late, we separa- the little monitor stuck to its text and I stuck ted, and Driggs invited me to come the next to mine—and went to Driggs's to dinner. day and dine with him, the invitation being cor- To tell all that passed that afternoon and dially seconded and thirded by the ladies. evening would require a three-volume novel.
Now was ever a man in such a fix? I was Driggs shone as he never shone before, and positively in love with Mrs. Driggs! In love seemed to be the happiest man in the world. with my friend's wife! I had never seen a wo-Why should he not be, I asked, with such a man who came so near to my ideal. She had wife? After coffee we had singing. I had all the bloom of the country and all the grace heard Jenny Lind and Grisi, but what were of the city. She was intelligent, refined, and they to Mrs. Driggs? I verily believed that (I had no doubt) accomplished. Her hands, to she would have sung either of them off the be sure, were rather large, but their whiteness stage. Miss Thorp sang also; but, to be frank, was ravishing. And then what a neck, and I took her powers for granted, and retired to the what teeth! Such expression too! Her smile, other parlor with Mrs. Driggs. And there, for instead of being confined to her lips, reached to hours (so the clock said, but it seemed incrediher very eyes; indeed, eye and lip, brow and ble, besides being improper), we talked about cheek, all contributed their part to it; and when every imaginable subject-about the weather, it grew more and more animated, until at last the country, the city, about the opera, the fashit broke out into clear ringing laughter, why it lions, the last new novel, about poetry, and sentiment, and love-until at last one of my hands, pared with your wife, she is not worth a thought. without the slightest consciousness on my part Why, she” (parole d'honneur !) had slipped into hers, and “ Hold, my friend, not so fast. You may the other I verily believe was about to clasp her praise your own love as much as you please, to my heart when in came-DRIGGS! My but not a word against mine, for know you I hands were transferred to my pocket in a sec- not only love that lady, but she loves me, and ond, and I shrunk from my friend as if I had in fact is my wife.” been stealing his silver. I had not said a word "Your wife !" to his wife (so at least she has told me since) “Yes, you dunce, and any one but a crazy which was not perfectly proper, but I felt as if pate like yourself would have discovered it long I was the blackest villain in the world. Judge, ago. So, my good fellow, if you really love her however, of the state of my brain, of my utter sister now is your chance." bewilderment, when, as I stepped to the win- I did love her; it was my chance, and I imdow to hide my emotion--or to jump out were proved it; so the reader knows, now, how it it necessary—I overheard the lady saying to my was I came to get married, and (I may add) friend,
why I now love my friend Driggs more than “My dear, what a charming man Mr. Craw- ever. fish is ! How intelligent! He has read every thing. And then how beautifully he talks; and
EDUCATION OF AMERICAN WOMEN. how affectionate he seems. Ah! If I had a husband like him. I would be perfectly happx;" THE education of Woman is one of the great terrible
. a tented with her husband. It was too much to movement, full of significance and worthy to bear; I seized Driggs by the arm, hurried him challenge the profound attention of all thinking into the hall, owned up to him my villainy, people. The heart of American society is all asked him a thousand pardons, promised never alive to its importance; and whatever fault may to cross his threshold again, and then rushed for be found with the popular systems of Female my hat, when, with the most imperturbable cool- Education, it is quite certain that there is a ness he walked between me and the door, looked well-meaning, earnest, noble spirit behind the me quietly in the face, and said :
enterprise. Viewed as a part of the history of “ My dear Crawfish, be calm. Come with the human race, it is not very flattering to the me into the garden and let us settle the matter wisdom and sympathy of our forefathers that at once."
this grand work should so recently have been “Settle the matter! What, fight with my elevated into social and religious prominence, old friend Driggs, the dearest friend I have in and that men should look upon it, at this day, the world, and fight with him on his own premi- as a phenomenon, entitled by its startling ses! Never. I own up that I have grossly strangeness to be ranked among the wonders of outraged you, and beg your pardon if necessary modern discovery. And yet, practically, this on my knees. Moreover, if you require it, 1-—" is its position. Female education ought to ex
“I tell you again, my dear friend, keep cool.” cite no more surprise than female goodness; and
By this time we were in the garden, and if the world had used its common sagacity, the Driggs, forcing me into a chair, continued thus: cultivation of womanly mind would have been as
“Now Crawfish be quiet, and listen to me sacredly regarded as the protection of womanly while I, too, make a confession. I have a se- virtue. But the past slumbered over this halcret to tell you. All right!"
lowed trust, and not until the last quarter of a The words “all right relieved me immense- century has female education taken its proper ly; but what manner of man was this who could place among the highest of earthly duties. use them under such circumstances? The mys- And yet we must not fail to be just to the tery was soon solved.
generations gone. A charge of specific neglect “My good fellow,” said Driggs in a tone se- may be fairly made out against them. But vere but kind,“ do you really fancy you love there is a plea in abatement. It requires no Mrs. Driggs? Don't be afraid to answer; tell strain on logic to prove that our great-grandme honestly and truly. Remember you have fathers did much for woman-not precisely in met her but twice, and it may after all be no- our way, but after a ruder fashion of their own, thing but a caprice."
to which we are large debtors ; for they gave “My dear Driggs, you are cruel. Why tor- us the sentiment out of which the whole effort ment me thus? Have I not made a clean breast has sprung. They were pioneers in the path of it and confessed all ?"
that now stretches so broadly and brightly over " Then you do love her. Good! I believe the land, and the homely tools with which they you. Listen, now, and hear my story. I sym- worked are not to be despised because of our pathize with you most profoundly, for I too, cold more polished and showy machinery. Farther as I appear, know what it is to love, and to tell back still-in centuries that have left few peryou the truth do this moment love-love with manent records on the institutions of society, my whole soul--the lady to whom you have we find the foundations laid for this late superhardly spoken a word this whole evening." structure. Every loyal knight that held his
“What, Miss Thorp! Impossible! Com- / lance near to his heart, every troubadour who
sang the praises of the gentler sex, every feudal | woman, considered as an intellectual and moral castle and every cathedral, contributed to or- being. Hitherto she had glided peacefully into ganize and intensify the sentiment that now the possession of her privileges. By the genembodies itself in the care and culture of wo- eral progress of civilization, rather than by formanly intellect. Ours has simply been a task mal efforts, she had secured whatever rights of expansion. It is the same line of movement, and honors were in her hands. But in this inonly wider and reaching a more exalted region. stance the case was different. A direct issue
Our forefathers, then, prepared the way—not was made with her capacity for improvement, fully, but well enough. One generation is the equality of her nature was denied, and never allowed to do the work of another, and grave arguments were offered to prove that a great institutions, designed to recast the for- stern and unyielding lordship ought to be extunes of mankind, are destined to enjoy a peace-ercised on principle over her mind and characful advent into the world. Agreeably to this ter. Men derive more advantage from circumProvidential law, when the time came for wo- stances than women; and hence it had been manly mind to be recognized in its “ help-meet" supposed that the inferior position of the sex relations to manly intellect, there was a fiercer had resulted from the accidents of society. But battle among the princes of literature than the it was now seen that her intellectual degradasex had ever before occasioned. Across the tion was not merely a circumstantial thing; it water, in dear old England, the fight waxed hot. was justified as an organic arrangement of By one of those Egyptian mysteries called Tra- Providence; it was a conservative power in soditions, men had come to consider education as ciety; and nothing but a false chivalry or a mortheir prerogative—a gracious monopoly entered bid love of reform would interrupt it. Against duly and signed on their Bill of Rights, and not this short-sighted, humiliating philosophy the to be invaded lost the island should go down to advocates of female education prevailed; and the bottom of the sea. Women had no Magna while their immediate work was nobly done, Charta for their brains. Putting together two they effected still more by infusing a healthy maxims, one from Milton—"She for God in spirit into the public opinion of the age touchhim—" and the other not quite as classical-ing the domestic and social merits of women. “Ignorance is the Mother of Devotion”—the It is this great debate on female education that sturdy opponents of female education made out a defines the transition-period between what wocase of service to which the ministry of the spell- man was and what woman is. Other reforms ing-book and housewifery was altogether ade- had been content to remove a withered leaf or quate. It was one of those affairs in which the exscind a decayed branch from the vine that beef and beer of John Bull lay heavy on his stom- had entwined its tendrils and hung its foliage ach and heavier in his head. Sydney Smith gave around the pillared strength of modern society ; the nation the sparkling wine of his wit, and di- but this movement descended to its roots, and gestion and reflection were soon set right. For- surrounded them with a soil fit for their nourtunately for the experiment, we had early learned ishment. The results have shown that a prothat a genuine-hearted novelty is as much an found principle, entering the human heart with element of conservatism as any organic sanctity the authority of divine wisdom, performs a great of the past, and acting on the creed that a office outside of its own direct connections. new world and newer politics had taught us, we Take the mass of benefits conferred on society forthwith put the idea of female education to a by the mighty impulse given to womanly mind practical test, so as to see how much soul it car- by means of education-estimate all the good to ried. Nothing has ever been tested better, and literature, benevolence, philanthropy—but what few things have worked half so well. If any are these compared with the new heart that has man has been disappointed, he must have had been created in the world toward woman! The too much sunshine in his blood or too much sentiment that has found so vast a sphere of acmoonlight in his fancy.
tion in female education has far transcended The history of this debate on female educa- the limits of this field; and moving on with the tion is full of suggestive interest to a thought- energy that success here has communicated, it ful mind. It may be regarded as one of the has introduced a higher tone of thought, a most romantic chapters in the intellectual rec- broader sympathy, a more spiritual appreciaords of our race, Viewed in its less favorable tion in respect to womanly character and life. aspects, it shows how little the true principles In brief, it has placed her side by side with man of Christian civilization had penetrated the heart in the open arena of progress, as far as progress of society, when intelligent and serious men is synonymous with Providence; and adding doubted whether education would be a source the fresh element of her qualities and powers to of happiness and strength to woman. On the the calculable forces that act redemptively on other hand, a refined and cultivated public opin- human affairs, it has essentially modified the ion vindicated itself by trusting its own instincts, nature and bearing of those measures that conand a moral impulse won the day against a phi- cern the advancement of humanity. The recoglosophy that had age and authority on its side. nition of her intellect has secured the full recogApart from this feature of the controversy, it nition of her agency in all that is beautiful, true, will always be interesting from the fact that it and good. In that acknowledgment she now was the first great discussion of the claims of stands secure. For she has vindicated the claims put forth in her behalf; she has made the posi- | Could this uplifting agency fail to exalt and intion assigned by manly honor to her merits her tensify the claims of womanly culture? With own personal property; and henceforth states- a sure intuition, it would seek this aim as wormen, philanthropists, and Christians, can not thy of its highest ambition. And how fully lose sight of her in any movement that has ref- it has demonstrated its divine guidance-how erence to the order, stability, and peace of hu- brightly the seal of Providence shines all over man society. Cultivated women have now be- its work! Not to speak of what women have come a necessity to the thought and the hope of recently done in literature, art, and science-not the world; and men may depend upon it, that to dwell on those contributions to the intellect at every step in our progress this necessity will of the day which have supplied such specific become more and more urgent.
wants as men never could have met, and brought A mere glance at modern society will satisfy so large a class of books into the ministry of any thinker that nothing was so much needed household service-not to elaborate the fact as the calm, earnest, equalizing influence of that we now have every topic from domestic womanly culture. To go no farther back into management to Christian criticism treated and the annals of our race, it is perfectly clear that enforced from a new point of view, and, besides the outbreak of the French Revolution aroused all else, that we have woman's world as seen a semi-brutal temper in the mind of the age. through woman's eyes—what a virtue has gone There was a coarseness—a hard, horny, grasp- forth from the cultivated sex of our time, in ing of stern sentiments—a tremulous clutching words that have not been written or printed-in of truths, that were instantly vitiated into false- deeds of patient, uncomplaining, mighty valor, hoods by the way in which they were held—that await enrollment on the scroll which genius that was altogether unfriendly to the growth of shall consecrate to the memory of heroic goodjust political doctrines, and to the cultivation of ness! Had they done nothing more than ena genial, inspiring literature. How could it large the domain of literature, adding the sehave been otherwise, when the world was called rene heights of wisdom as well as the flowerto such a sudden and awful reckoning? Men ing landscapes of fiction and poetry to its for. were uncertain where they stood ; doubt, dread, mer territory, that would have won them a dismay, overwhelmed them. The vaunted pre- most honorable renown, as it certainly would tensions of expediency had been violently swept have repaid the zeal that has labored for their away ; power had been unmasked ; courtly robes citizenship in the republic of letters. For who were used as scarecrows; and phantoms, hide- can doubt that women have largely augmented ous beyond endurance, darkened the air. Fol- the world's most valuable stock of ideas? If lowing this convulsion, there was a new en- men were competent to do all the thinking of hancement of the interests of materialism and society, it were yet far better that woman should manufactures ; trade and commerce rapidly ad. have her share in the work—better, because she vanced. And what was the effect ? Passing can infuse a personality of taste and spirit, her over the general results, it is sufficient for our own soul's self, into her thoughts and senti. purpose to state, that the intelligent mind of ments, that men can not hope to equal. England and America saw the need of a more But this is the smallest part of their usefulness thorough and reliable balance in the moral and as educated beings. The discipline of life is social interests of modern society, as related in our silent and unwitnessed hours; in hidden to usages and institutions. It had learned paths sheltered beneath God's deep shadows; that there was a fatal weakness in the very in fragmentary glimpses of the ideal or in steady heart of the world, and that a strong, tranquil contact with reality; in the offices of earnest power was demanded to circulate a pure and love and trustful veneration; in the myriad steady influence through the arteries of life. minuteness of daily existence, which bear a
Such a feeling—such a prophecy—could not smile, a cheerful tone, a renewing impulse to but work out its legitimate fruits. It was one the welcoming heart; and it is just here that of those master-sentiments that, without as the delicate, refined, elevated woman of intelsuming the forms of logic or systematizing them- lect fulfills the noblest purpose of her earthselves in set shapes of action, do yet permeate ly being. She is worth more to the world in all our modes of thinking, and, insensibly to our- her home-character and home-duties than any selves, dictate the best means to promote hu- where else. Men are fitted to act better on massman virtue. And now, reviewing the history es; women are fitted to act better on individuals. of thirty-five years, we can easily trace the pro- Men are prompted to exert power by enjoying gress of this moral movement toward a more its exercise; women, by enjoying its practical recomplete and satisfying condition of social life. sults. Men are made greater by contact with the The latent energy of the domestic spirit; the rough scenes of the open world; by the ceaseintellectual and religious strength that lies far less demand for quick observation and clear perback of the more palpable instruments of the ception; by conquering some opposing circumpolitician and philosopher ; the great instinctive, stance at every step; by such arts and by such self-counseling heart of genuine manhood, that means as check reason from indulgence in abHeaven yet holds dear to its love and will not straction, and imagination from over-delight in resign to its own feeble sway, has made itself reverie ; but women expand and grow through felt in the opinions and practice of the age. I those agencies which act on the sensibilities, and