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ance, and never failed to encourage, by recount- tion, orthography, etymology, embroidery, rheting his own early struggles, those who had their oric, philosophy-natural and moral-geology, own way to make in the world. His hand was anthropology, philology, physiology, calisthenopen to his old fellow-workmen whom age had ics, ouranography, Scriptural exegesis, music left, as youth found them, in poverty.
He - vocal and instrumental - the languages. would slip a five-pound note into the hand of French, Italian, German, and Spanish-dancan old man or a widow in such a way as not to ing, and the Christian evidences; all of which wound their delicacy, but rather to make them elegant accomplishments Madame Grandelouve feel that they were conferring instead of receiv- undertakes to teach for a hundred dollars or so a ing an obligation by accepting it. To poor quarter, invariably in advance, extras not inRobert Gray who had acted as bridegroom for cluded. him, when so many years before he had borne Of course, Mary Anne goes to the fashionable pretty Fanny Henderson to his humble home, school, and from that moment is entirely at the he left a pension for life. He died on the 12th mercy of Madame and her coadjutors. As of August, 1848, in the sixty-seventh year of mothers are confiding, and fathers, though sushis age. A year before his death some one who picious, preoccupied, it is not surprising that wished to dedicate a book to him, asked what neither the one nor the other knows any thing were his “ornamental initials.” “I have no about the guardians to whom they delegate the flourishes to my name, either before or after,” care of their children. Is it not enough that he replied. “I think it will be as well if you Mrs. A sends her daughters to Madame's school merely say George Stephenson."
because the rich Mrs. B does, and Mrs. B hers It was enough. So long as the iron rails because the fashionable Mrs. C does, and Mrs. continue to bind in one far-distant climes, and C hers again because the respectable Mrs. D the iron horse, his creation, opens up new fields does, and so on to the end of the alphabet of for industry and multiplies and diffuses the en- aristocracy? Who of them cares to know any joyments of life-so long will men honor the thing about Madame, except that she is the recmemory of the Northumberland collier—the ognized head of the most fashionable school, Father of Railways.
and of her qualifications as a teacher but that
she is ignorant of the English language ? MaWHERE OUR DAUGHTERS GO TO dame has a very flourishing account to give of SCHOOL.
herself, however, and will tell you, of course,
is , tions in regard to the advantages of a home longed to the ancienne noblesse, but having lost education, the maternal resolution, of course, all in devotion to the Bourbons (who, if they carries the day; and when mamma emphatic- bad had half as many friends before their fall as ally declares that it is time for Mary Anne to they appear to have had since, might be reigngo to school, papa mildly submits without the ing to this day), had nothing to leave her but a thought of a protest, except it be that of a prob- De before her name, without a sou to support it. able protest to his note on this prospective ad- Proud as she was, it was not surprising under dition to his current expenses.
“She shall the circumstances that she should, after exhave every advantage, the dear girl," says hausting her patience, youth, and beauty in mamma, looking proudly at the embryo belle. waiting for better fortune, have yielded at last “ Every advantage," echoes papa, with a mild to the ambitious designs of Monsieur upon her expression of doubt. "We must send her to maiden dignity. If Monsieur's own account be Madame Grandelouve," continues mamma. also to be taken-and we know no reason why “Grandelouve ?" repeats, inquiringly, papa. it should not as readily as Madame's—there was “Yes! Madame Grandelouve's; where the rich | no very good ground for hesitation on her part Mrs. Brown sends her daughters, the most fash- to become his wife. Will he not tell you—and ionable school in the city,” is the conjugal re- you will, of course, believe him, as you have sponse. Papa is puzzled, and says so, to dis- heard the same story so many times from so cover what the wealth of Mrs. Brown, or the many of his unfortunate countrymen—that he fashion of Madame Grandelouve, can possibly was the favorite aide-de-camp of the Grand Nahave to do with revealing to his daughter the poleon, and, with sword in hand, fought his way mysteries of reading and spelling and plain- through Europe by his side? Will he not tell stitch, which he supposes to be about the range you, too, that he might now be at least a Marof the capacity of a child of ten. Papa accord- shal of France, were it not that he preferred ingly ventures an opinion to the effect that Mary “make de fire de young ladies' idees” to handAnne is hardly advanced enough to appreciate ling the artillery of the armies of Louis Napothe full advantages of the school presided over leon. With such antecedents, and such disinby fashion and patronized by wealth. “Read- terested devotion to the cause of American feing, spelling, and plain-stitch! Whoever heard male education, who can doubt the propriety of such old-fashioned stuff being taught at any and advantage of trusting your daughter to Marespectable modern school ?" spitefully exclaims dame and Monsieur her husband? You are a mamma, who takes care to inform the slow mas- Protestant, probably, and wish your child to be ter of the house that her daughter is as good as taught to worship God; Madame and Monsieur any one else's daughter, and shall learn elocu- her husband divide their homage between Vol
taire and the Pope. You are an American, and merely of teaching the elements of education, wish your child to be taught to love your coun- and yet they are set to inculcating those higher try and its institutions; Madame and Monsieur branches of learning which make such an imher husband are French, and very naturally posing array of ologies and ographies in the prefer all that is French. Your native language grand circular of the Grandelouves. Then is the English, and you wish your child to be don't be surprised if your daughters, after havtaught its construction and literature; Madame, ing gone through the whole circle of the sciand Monsieur her husband are foreigners, and ences under such auspices, should be unable to whatever they may know of their own tongue, add up a mantua-maker's bill, or write a servthey certainly are not sufficiently expert in ant's character without the aid of a dictionary. yours to pretend to teach it. In regard to mor- We do not object, let it be well understood, als and manners you may have some American to a full cultivation of the intellectual powers notions of your own, which you consider good of woman. We do not hold, because she is said principles, and with which you would like to to belong to the weaker sex, that her intellect have your child impressed; Madame and Mon- is capable of digesting nothing but the thinnest sieur are from Paris, and have brought with of literary slops. Though we do not believe them from that lively place, doubtless, not only that women should learn whatever men were the lighter graces of life, but some of the less taught, we do believe that there is a greater severe views of its duties.
difference in their education than there should Granting that Madame was a Marquise of the be. We do not desire, it is true, to see the petold régime, and Monsieur might be a Marshal ticoat flaunting in the pulpit-to hear the genof the new Empire, where is the proof that they tle voice of woman raised among the bickerings are fit to educate your daughters? They may of the court, or the noisy disputations of the be both what they give themselves out to be, and senate—and to have her delicacy blunted by the yet not even competent to teach their own lan- hardening experiences of the surgical shambles guage, and much less yours. In regard to their of a hospitalspecialty, which is supposed to be the French
- in the dark, dissolving human heart, tongue, we have known favorite pupils turned And holy secrets of this microcosm, out of their establishment, after a long course Dabbling a shameless hand with shameful jest;" of five years—with the finishing touch of the yet there is no reason why women should be alsixth-who could not conjugate the verb avoir, ways kept with“ nimble fingers and vacant unand would be puzzled to purchase a pair of derstandings.” If the necessities of some comgloves in Paris without the aid of a courier. pel them to a constant routine of stitching, We believe it was one of Madame and Mon- patching, and mantua-making, there are thousieur's most polished graduates who lately, on sands of others who, in this land of female priv. her wedding tour in Paris, undertook to make ilege, are under no obligation to do any thing out a list of her husband's linen for the French but what they please. These are those who, washerwoman, and wrote “6 shemises." Her having the leisure, should occupy it with storBenedict was something of a wag, and having ing their minds with something more to the secaught a glimpse of the handiwork of his accom- rious purpose of life than the gossip about what plished wife, wrote under it, “6 hemises,” de- Miss A does or Miss B wears. We need not termined that if his shirts were to be deprived discuss the question as to the equality or inof their proper French appellation, at any rate equality of the capacity of the two sexes. It is they should not be robbed of their masculine enough for us to know that what woman knows gender.
falls far short of what she is able to learn. We Madame and Monsieur, whatever they may need not worry ourselves with the fear that she think of their own skill in imparting a knowl- will devote so much time to study that none ,edge of the French language, are sufficiently will be left for household duty. We are not modest to delegate to others the duty of teach- afraid that the philosophy of Lord Bacon will ing the of-course-inferior English. They sup- divert her from the cookery of Monsieur Soyer. ply themselves, accordingly, with a corps of co- We need not be anxious lest any acquired tastes adjutors, of whose competency Madame and for art should interfere with the instincts of naMonsieur, being the employers, are, of course, ture. We do not think there is any danger of her the only authorized judges. Their judgment is falling so deeply in love with artistic beauty that very naturally influenced by the cost; and de- she will be unmindful of her own, and the emociding that the cheapest will answer their mer- tions and affections it engenders. We need not cenary purposes the best, they accordingly pro- alarm ourselves about the possible increase of vide themselves with teachers of the various de- feminine learning seriously diminishing the partments whose salaries shall not be so large census. We do not believe that there is any as to interfere with Madame and Monsieur's imminent prospect of the United States being prospects of profit. Good teaching can not be depopulated by woman giving up to books what had without good pay; and it is not surprising is meant for mankind, and becoming so philothat a very inferior article is the result of Ma- logical as to cease to be philoprogenitive. Our dame and Monsieur's parsimonious calculations. beautiful women will never be content to remain They pay their teachers a price which would not in the cocoon condition of book-worms, when secure for our common schools those capable they can flutter forth in the light of social observation with all the brilliancy of butterflies. prived of their elevating influences. We have They will never lose their desire to please oth- heard of great generals who could neither read ers, whatever may be their own delight in study, nor write correctly, and the Duke of Marlborough, and they will be, as they have ever been, seek- who was no less renowned as a gallant than as ing admiration and finding it-provoking love a warrior, was said to be under the necessity of and inflaming it - lying in wait for hearts and keeping a secretary to indite his billet-dour. We catching them — getting lovers and marrying have never heard, however, of even the humhusbands—and being wives, becoming mothers. blest students of history, science, and philoso
The danger is not that our women may be- phy, except those of our fashionable schools, come so learned as to cease to be practically who had not perfected themselves in the simple useful, but rather that they may be so ignorant elements of learning. as to become positively useless. The proper We submitted the following catechism to a cultivation of the feminine intellect will not Grandelouve pupil who, as she informed us with only give the knowledge of duty, but the in- a very decided expression of youthful consciousducements to pursue it. It is the frivolousness ness of dignity, is only to have another quarter of female life that is to be feared. It is the at school before she will be finished, and we reintellectual balance to regulate the wheels of ceived the accompanying answers. Modestly caprice and the springs of emotion which is declining the severer philosophical, and comwanted in our women. This can only be ac- plimentarily avoiding the purely elementary quired by good mental discipline, which we trial, we directed our examination to some of hardly need say but few of our fashionable the topics of the day: schools supply. The very class which has the Question. “Where is Kansas ?” means and the leisure for high culture, and the Answer. “Kansas ? Oh! that's not in our social position to give due efficacy to example, Geography.” is the one which is most at the mercy of incom- Question. “Where is Glasgow ?" petent teachers, and, being ill educated, is the Answer. “Oh, in Edinburgh, to be sure ! the least capable of guiding public opinion. Many place where Miss Madeleine Smith poisoned her a country girl, with only a few months of win- lover." ter's discipline, in some remote forest school- Question. “Where is India ?” house, is superior in all the solid acquirements Answer. “India ? Why India is - let me to the most finished pupils of the most fashion- think ; I used to know—we studied that last able metropolitan "institutions for young la- year — but I've forgotten. We're in Ancient dies.” Parental solicitude, however, will not Geography now.”. be satisfied unless Fashion gives a sanction to Question. “What's a thermometer?” parental hopes. “We can afford it, and our Answer. “A kind of glass instrument to tell daughters shall have every advantage,” you will low hot it is." hear again and again, but what that advantage Question. “What's the boiling-point of wais none can tell. There is, however, a myste- ter ?" rious something in the pretensions of Fashion, Answer. “Oh, botheration! who can tell to which, it seems, we must give up all, even that? Ask the cook.” our daughters. It is a sham, we know, and yet Question. “Who wrote the Waverley novwe build our hopes upon it. It is an untruth, els ?” we know, and yet we trust in it. It is neither Answer. “Mr. Waverley, to be sure !'' what it seems, nor does it do what it says. Who Such were pretty much the results of our will pretend to deny that fashionable female questioning of a promising pupil of the Grandeeducation is no education at all ? Who does louves. She is not apparently deficient in natnot know that the array of science and philoso- ural capacity. A bright eye and a lively exphy which is pretended to be taught is never pression of face show a quickness of apprelearned ? Take from your daughter one of hension equal to the acquisition of at least the those imposing text-books from which Madame elements of education. Notwithstanding her Grandelouve has gathered her grand programme confused notion of the geographical relations of study, so pretentiously displayed in the Grande- of the various parts of the world, she is evidentloure circulars, turn over the leaves and start an ly not deficient in the phrenological bump of incident of history, a fact in science, or a prin- locality, for she can find her way to Stewart's, ciple in philosophy for conversation, and observe and through the ins and outs of that intricate how your accomplished offspring sustains her- establishment of fashion without a guide. Alself!. If, however, distrustful of your own ca- though we have well-founded doubts about her pacity for such a trial, you prefer a more ele- general arithmetic, her ignorance can come from mentary test, try her in the spelling-book or no want of natural powers of calculation, for we dictionary, and if she comes off creditably in know that she is equal to the computation of the the orthography of the one or the interpretation numerous breadths necessary to swell her deliof the other you will have reason for some pa- cate girth to the fullness of fashionable requirerental pride, in the possession of a Grandelouve ment. We are justified in questioning her pupil who knows something. History, science, knowledge of geometry, though it is in the and philosophy are noble studies, and we do not Grandelouve programme, and yet her deficienknow of any reason why women should be de- cy can be owing to no original fault of eye for
proportion, for she can describe with unerring respondence, stolen interviews, frenzied passion, accuracy a hooped circle, and find its centre satiated lust, a new caprice, disgust at the old with the exact precision of a professor of math- and a struggle for freedom from its bonds, jealematics.
ousy and resistance, despair and death, are the No! the deficiencies in the education of our elements of the tragedy- more fearful in its youthful misses can not be put down to any natural horrors than any drama of passion ever want of natural powers of understanding. The wrought out in the hot imagination of poet or fault is to be attributed to the fashionable playwright. school, which is no school at all, but a mere We know the facts, and can draw our own sham, which, by some accident or other, gets a inference. In connection with our subject, howcertain social sanction, under the cover of which ever, we may say that there are thoughtful men the intellect of our young girls is starved upon who hold the boarding-school system responsithe mere husks of learning, or fed unwhole- ble for the tragedy. There can be little doubt somely upon the frivolities of life.
that the prevalent practice of sending girls to As we believe that nothing but the saddest schools away from home and those safeguards experience of the worst of homes can justify the which God and nature have appointed is full of sending of young girls to the best of boarding- danger. The hired guardian of the distant esschools, we emphatically declare ourselves in tablishment may have all the usual guarantees favor of a domestic education. We would of virtue and judgment, and yet not be able to more especially object to the practice so preva- guard like a mother against the approach of lent throughout our country of tearing girls, just vice. There are the chances of profligate teachat the period of budding emotion, from the re- ers, corrupt servants, and vicious school-fellows; straints of home, and sending them to the schools and there is the more certain and not less danof our large cities, where they can not escape gerous effect of the want of that feminine rethe unwholesome excitements and worse influ- serve and modest retirement which only belong ences of metropolitan life. We have all read to the seclusion of private domestic life. the fearful tragedy of the Glasgow poison However strict may be the discipline of a met
ropolitan boarding-school, it is impossible that its Miss Madeleine Hamilton Smith is the eldest pupils can be entirely withdrawn from the mordaughter of Scotch parents, residing in Glasyow. bid influences of a large city. Especially must They belong to the United Secession Church, this be the case when such institutions—as is the most rigid of the sects of Presbyterian Scot- generally the practice-receive, indiscriminateland. The severe domestic discipline, the re- ly, all scholars that present themselves, from ligious training, the daily reading of the Bible, any family whatsoever able and willing to incur the morning and evening prayer, the well-kept the expense. With the system of day-pupils, Sabbath, the careful avoidance of all unhealthy who mingle without restraint with those who social excitements, the rigid abstinence from are boarders, there can be no exclusion from the public amusements, the strict watchfulness outside world. The tastes and habits, the folagainst the intrusion into the domestic circle lies and vices of this or that fashionable parent, of the doubtfully moral, the resolute parental are sure to affect the child, who conveys the will, and the uncompromising filial obedience, poison to her companions. With this direct are supposed to be the characteristics of the fam- communication it is impossible to avoid the imily of Miss Smith, as of all the religious fam- pure contagion of city life. And if we are to ilies of Scotland. The daughter, from her per- believe what we hear of boarding-school-girl sonal beauty, her natural quickness of intellect, coquetting, corresponding, rendezvousing, and and liveliness of disposition, becomes the pride secret maæuvring, we must conclude that the of her parents, whose natural yearning for their poison works as freely as it is received. first-born is strengthened by the brilliant prom- Parents, in fact, would not desire isolation from ise of their child. “Every advantage” must, metropolitan influences, even if it were possible. of course, be secured for so hopeful an offspring. Their purpose in sending their daughters to the Madeleine Smith, then, is accordingly sent to a large cities is that they may be directly exposed to boarding-school in London to “finish.” She such influences, and receive through them what returns to her native city with all the fashion- they would term finish, but we believe to be corable metropolitan accomplishments, and with ruption. It is true there is a certain air of what the self-assurance acquired in the publicity of may be called style to be acquired by a residence London life and the unreserved freedom of pro- in a large city and association with its “best somiscuous boarding-school fellowship. She can ciety." The value of this, however, is very much now by an artful coquetry give full effect to all overestimated; for after all, it is only a convenher natural charms. She plays heedlessly with tional standard of manners, dress, and converthe social excitements of the hour. She finds sation, which have been arbitrarily assumed by a ready partner for the game in a young French the few whose pretentious superiority prompts coxcomb. Her parents become alarmed, and them to distinguish themselves from the many. reverely forbid the dangerous partnership. She Fashionable society is imposing, we grant, for it feigns to submit, but continues the unlawful al- is sustained by all the profuse expenditure of liance. She now risks all--filial duty, social procligal wealth ; it is attractive to the eye cerrequirement, virtue-and loses all. Secret cor- tainly, with its impressive circumstances of
grand houses, dashing equipages, and costly AN OLD BACHELOR'S LAST LOVE. drapery of dress; it is seductive, no doubt, for it incites to pleasure by every luxurious appeal
. I HAVE no faith in the idea that we mortals
, and joyment, to the gratification of sense; it gives, Every one is liable to have as many loves, at it must be confessed, to its habitués a bearing, least, as he has phases in life. That young if not of superiority, at least of distinction from man of twenty, whom I remember to have called the masses. The polish acquired, however, is myself, alias Jenkins, twenty years ago, was as ordinarily that which the material can receive different in love matters, as in all others, from only by being first hardened. When we see the present writer, as twenty years hence, perhow, at any sacrifice of heart and intellect, pa- haps, will be the old man of sixty, calling him. rents will send their daughters to fashionable self (if he sees fit) by the same name. metropolitan schools for the professed purpose It is one of the caprices of young gentlemen of obtaining this external polish of manners, we in their teens—and a very sensible caprice it is, are reminded of the practice of swallowing ar- too-to like women of mature years, women senic, to beautify the complexion, by those aspir- riper than themselves, married women even ; ing beauties who, to remove a pimple, or to give and the liking, within proper limits, is apt to a touch of artificial color, do not hesitate to de- be reciprocated. For mere girls they have a stroy health and endanger life.
kind of contempt, borrowed from the contempt It is not only that girls brought up under the they have for their late boyhood and what of it present system of fashionable female education still lingers about them. They have that greenare useless for all the serious duties of life, but est of all horrors, the horror of being thought there is something worse than this. Their want green; they stroke their chins impatiently in of intellectual culture and tastes gives them, in search of the much-coveted beard, and as soon their emptiness, an eager hunger for the excite- as its first down appears—that soft, delicious, ments, follies, and vices of the world; while prophetic fuzz—they purchase a razor, hoist up their deficiency in strength of character, from their collars, proclaim themselves men, and fall the neglect of moral discipline, makes them in love with women of thirty. ready victims to all unwholesome influences. Is this the first and only love about which we Society has been anatomized of late with a bold hear so much? Judging from my own experihand, and its morbid structure and diseased pro-ence, which was like that of most others, I ducts laid bare with a freedom of revelation that should incline to hope not. The seraphic behas, no doubt, startled many a timid looker-on. ing upon whom I laid out my rising affections The origin of the disease, however, has escaped (Miss Anna Condor) was an old maid of thirthese anatomists, who would seem to have been ty-five, who coiled herself about my heart, like so absorbed by the monstrous results of social the cunning serpent that she was, and then unperversion that they have not investigated the reeled herself, at a day's notice, to encircle and causes. The material greed of the age, with its wed a rich widower of fifty (Squire Lemon), inordinate love of wealth, its gross tastes for whom she squeezed to death in less than six show, its drunken revel of excitement, and its months, and from whom she inherited a wid. debauchery of sense, may be attributed, in a ow's “pile” of half a million. And yet I loved great degree, to the want of those nobler objects her dearly, and gave her the “firstlings of my of enjoyment which can only be supplied by a heart !" higher culture. To woman, more especially, Others may have been more fortunate in must we look for aid to lift society from its low their first love, but few are disposed to immorgrovelings. She must first, however, be true to talize it. her angelic character, and plume her own wings An old friend of mine, now at Saratoga for a loftier flight before she will have the power spending his fourth honeymoon, declares that to raise the aspirations of others. It is to sound the intensity of his love has increased in every female education that we look for the elevation instance in " arithmetical proportion" (whatof woman's character. With this will come, as a ever that is, and I believe it is something trenecessary accompaniment, a sympathetic purity mendous), each of his wives seeming to him so of sentiment and refinement of taste on the part much more lovely than her immediate prede. of man. If you desire that the vanity, the gross-cessor, who was nevertheless, in her day, the ness, and vice should be swept away, and soci- paragon of women, that he wondered how he ety set in order with taste, grace, and innocence, could ever have dreamed of any body else. you must take care that those who are to be the But if this is so, what becomes of our theories future guardians of the social household are of first love? possessed of the proper qualifications. These Now I have not only to confess my heresies are certainly not to be acquired at Madame on this subject to the reader, who is proverbialGrandelouve's, or any other fashionable school ly “indulgent,” but am dreading the day when of which we are cognizant. Keep your daugh- I must make a clean breast of them to Clara ters at home, then, we pray you. What they Vernon, which will be a much more formidable may learn less there will
, intellectually, be no - the said Clara being my last love. loss; and what they will acquire, morally, will How shall I have the courage to declare my be a great gain.
passion to her—if passion it is-seeing that she