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church steeple appeared to them un- was at this period that Janvier, one usually large, and much nearer. Of day entering the cabinet, and perceivthis they instantly told their father, ing the second-hand of one of his astrowho, surprised also at first, made the nomical timepieces on the ground, rebrazen circles or cylinders, so as they placed it without any observation: the might be placed nearer or farther, at next day he again found the hand on pleasure. Janssen very soon improv- the ground, replaced it with care and ed this discovery so much, that he in silence, the King not appearing to presented a telescope, twelve inches pay any attention to what he was dos long, to Prince Maurice, and another ing: a third time he found the hand to the Archduke Albert. Prince displaced, when, unable to contain Maurice, it is also said, conjecturing himself, he said, " Sire, I have some the discovery might be of great use in secret enemy who wishes to ruin me in war, desired the secret might be con- the opinion of your Majesty: thrice cealed; and had nearly deprived have I found the second-hand of this Janssen of the honour of inventing time-piece on the floor, which was init; the great Des Cartes attributing possible to happen without the hand the invention to one Metius, of Alc- of an enemy.

.". My poor Janvier,

(said the King, 'laying his hand on the None of the first telescopes, how- artist's arm,) be not alarmed, you have ever, appear to have been properly no enemy here; it was I who did it; framed for astronomical observations, the moments fly so quick, and so few until Galileo, astronomer to the Grand- of them must be mine, that I could not duke of Tuscany,hearing of this discov- bear to see them marked so rapidlyery for bringing objects nearer, made I took off the hand, do not replace such great improvements therein as it." gained him, in the opinion of many, the honour of the invention itself, by Mr. Mantell, of Castle-place, Lewes, giving the invention the appellation of has discovered in the sand-stone of Galileo's tube.

Sussex the teeth of an herbivorous repSir Isaac Newton was the inventor tile, of enormous magnitude. These of the reflecting telescope : which is teeth agree, more closely, with those of considered as much more exact and the Iguana of Barbadoes, and the West useful than the common or refracting Indies, than with those of any of the

He completed two small ones other recent lacertæ; a circumstance in the year 1672.

which has induced Mr. M. to propose The achromatic telescope, which distinguishing this fossil monster by destroys the colours and gives a more the name of Iguano-saurus. Vertebræ, perfect image, was the invention of ribs, thigh-bones, and other detached Mr. Peter Dolland.

parts of the skeletons of gigantic

lacertæ, have also been discovered in ANECDOTE.

the same - strata; some of which beLouis XVI. like Louis XV. was long to the Megalo-saurus of Stonesfond of the mechanical arts, and par- field, described by Professor Buckland; ticularly the higher branches of prac- and others, in all probability, to the tical mechanics. Janvier, mechani- Iguano-saurus. A portion of a thighcian and astronomical watch-maker, bone, in Mr. M.'s collection, must, was a great favourite with his Majesty, upon a moderate computation, have and was admitted to his private cabinet belonged to an individual nearly sixty certain days in the week. The King feet long, and as high as an elephant! used to remain several hours, shut up In Mr. Mantell's expected work on the with the artist, occupied with these fossils of Tilgate Forest (which will inamusements, and in the latter years of clude the history of the fossils of the his life they served to momentarily sandstone from Hastings to Horsham), banish the melancholy ideas which the these interesting relics of a former tide of events poured into bis mind. It world will be figured and described.



little inhabitant; in a farther compartment The City of Rochester East Indiaman,

was found a portion of honey, and at the of about 600 tons burthen, lately launched ber intends publishing an account of his re

remote end of the shell two eggs. M. Hu. from the yard of Messrs. Brindley and Co. at Rochester, but built by Messrs. Macqueen searches on these interesting and industriand Palmer, has her bottom and sides con.

ous little animals. sisting wholly of planks, in separate thick.

KING OF THE GIPSIES. nesses, worked fore and aft; the planks of one thickness covering the joints or seams An interesting funeral lately took place of the other, alternately. Under the last at Wittering, a village three miles south of coating or outside planking, boop-ribs of Stamford. The individual whose remains iron are let in, at proper distances, crossing were consigned to the earth was in life no at right angles the planking of the bottom, less a personage than Henry Boswell, well sides, and deck; and these hoops, being known as the father or king of the gipsies firmly secured inside the ship by screw resorting to that part of the conntry. The nuts, the whole is combined in the strong- old man was encamped on Southorpe est manner possible.

Heath, with several of his family and subÀ REMEDY FOR THE BARRENNESS OF jects, on the Sunday preceding, when death

put an end to his reign and earthly wanPEAR-TREES

derings. He had been ill for a few days; has been discovered by the Rev. G. Swaine: but his complaint was really a decay of na. as bas long been known with early beans ture, for the patriarch was nearly a hunhautbois, strawberries, cucumbers, and mel- dred years of age. The corpse continued ons, the bunches of flowers, or corymbus of in the camp on the heath for five days, the pear, usually contains a greater number those who had been with him in his last of florets than the plant has strength prop- moments expecting that many others of erly to mature; and the remedy in each his family and dependents would, on inforcase is to extirpate several of the upper- mation of his death, come to offer their most florets as soon as they appear. A homage at his funeral ; but something prebeurre pear-tree, which previously had vented this, and it was deemed necessary been barren, upon which Mr. S. who left to inter the corpse on the sixth day. A only the three lower forets of each bunch, decent coffin had been provided, and the ripened fruit from almost every one of obsequies were conducted with great decothese reserved florets. The process failed, rum. The body was deposited in Wittering however, with a gansell's bergamot, whose church-yard, where the service was read barrenness appeared, on investigation, to by the Rev. William Wing. On Wednes. arise from the pollen being shed before the day the gipsey camp broke up from anthers were ready for impregnation. The Southorpe ; on which occasion those who patronage of our Horticultural Societies, composed it went to the church-yard to pay has already done wonders towards improv- the last tribute of affection at the grave of jag useful vegetables and fruits, and more Boswell, and a very impressive scene of may be expected from their laudable en

silent unaffected grief was witnessed. The deavours.,

old man is said to have died in very afflqNATURAL HISTORY.

ent circumstances, and to have possessed Mons. P. Huber (son of M. Huber, al

estates in several parts of England. ready well known for his profound re

MAGNETIC CURIOSITY. searches on the habits and economy of ants) has recently made some interesting ly disclosed, while boring for soft water, at

A singular fact in Geology has been late. observations on the wild or solitary bee, the foundry of Messrs. Cawood, Leeds. For apis aurulenta which is much smaller the first thirty yards, the boring irons were than the ordinary hive bees, and found

not affected in any manner out of the usual principally in low or moist meadows. M. Huber having noticed one of these little way; beyond that point they became pos

sessed of a highly magnetic power, which animals carrying a slip of straw which ap- continued till the irons had penetrated peared too heavy for it, had the curiosity to watch its progress, till it deposited its load attraction ceased and the boring is now

to the depth of sixty yards ; afterwards the on a small heap of similar materials. Some proceeding without any effect being proothers followed, laden with grains of black duced upon the iron out of the ordinary sand, and others succeeded, bringing por. tions of the flowers and leaves of the poten

vay tial rampante. M. Huber discovered the

CAVERN. nest of one of these little animals to be a A cavern, which promises to be of much snail-shell, the aperture of which was geological interest, has been lately discovcarefully concealed by layers of straw, ered on the Mendip Hills, near Banwell, leaves, and cement. In the interior of this 120 feet below the surface of the earth. was found a series of partitions, built with The soil which covers its floor is replete mud and small particles of stone, one be with the bones of quadrupeds ! the remains hind the other. In some of these chambers which have yet been found consist princia green substance was observed, which, pally of the ox and deer, but some imperprobably, formed the recent food of the fect canine teeth, apparently of the hyæna,

have also been discovered. From the close hold this lady as one of the greatest (we analogy of the spot with the other caverns think we might say the greatest) benefacwhich have been found inost productive of tresses of society. Her various works are quadrupedal remains, and from the circum- applicable to the educational development stance that all the teeth of an elephant and cultivation of the human mind, from the were formerly discovered in a similar fis- first dawnings of infant intellect to the pesure, about three miles distant, upon Hut- riod of its full maturity; and while those ton Hill, there is every reason to believe of her works which, from the kind of interthat further examination would be well re- est they are calculated to excite, seem only paid.

to be addressed to the imagination, and leTHE LOGAN ROCKING-STONE. signed for the amusement of the novel. Lieut. H. C. Goldsmith, of the Nimble ful tendency to enlarge the understanding

reading youth of both sexes, have a powercutter, has succeeded in placing the Logan Rock in its former position. The first at

and improve the heart ; those apparently tempt was in the presence of 3,000 specta. adapted to the circle of the nursery, may

more humble productions, so admirably tors; on the second, further efforts were

be read with interest and profit by the made, and on the third, the laborious task

scholar and the parent of the most cultivatwas completed, and so successfully, that

ed mind and maturest judgment. the immense stone logs to and fro exactly as before. Not the slightest accident oc

[The publishers of the Atheneum will print this curred during the experiment.

work in two editions, as soon as a copy is re

ceived ; making, with the Sequel to Rosamond, THE CALEDONIAN CANAL

one volume of their uviform 8vo. edition of Erigehas so far succeeded, that in August last worth's Works, and the other edition in a smaller 121 vessels navigated some parts of it: size for children.) several with wool, passing from Hull to A Miniature Edition of the Novels and Liverpool ; others to and from Dumfries, Romances of the Author of Waverley is Belfast, Londonderry or Liverpool, New- about to be published, in 17 vols. 1800. with castle, &c. with lime, slates, freestone, salt, engraved titles and frontispieces by eminent herrings, staves, deals, &c. Three steam

Artists. packets pass through from Inverness to

The following are also expected to issue Glasgow: the works are however not yet from the press in a few days : completed, and some part of the line is in

The Mechanic's Encyclopedia ; or, Gentended to lay dry next summer, and deep- eral Dictionary of Arts, Manufacture, and ened by 18 feet water, when the largest Practical Science. In 8 vols. post 8vo. merchant vessels will pass from sea to sea with numerous engravings. through this magnificent canal.

Encyclopedia for Youth; or, a Summa. PETRIFYING SPRING.

ry of General Literature, Arts, and ScienAt Locker Mill, near Kilharchan, a petri. ings, executed on Steel.

In 4 vols. post Svo. With Engrav. fying spring has been discovered, which has excited considerable attention in that Management of the Sick and

The Good Nurse; or, Hints for the neighbourhood. Several large and beauti: Chamber, and the Nursery. By a Lady: ful specimens of petrified mosses, mixed Dedicated, by permission, to Mrs. Priscilla with hyndstongue and other vegetable sub

Wakefield 1. vol. 12mo. stances, have been found upon the bank on

The Writer's Clerk; or, the Humours of which the water drops.

the Scottish Metropolis, 3 vols. ANCIENT TAPESTRICS.

A Tale of Paraguay. By Robert Southey, The Royal Tapestries, made by order of L.L. D &c. &c. I vol. 12m3. Popc Leo X. for our Henry VII. from the

A Treatise on the Steam Engine ; Hisimmortal Cartoons of Raphael, and sold by torical, Practical, and Descriptive. By order of the Commonwealth, in 1650, with

John Farey, Junior, Engineer. With ii. the private property of Charles I., have, lustrative Plates and Cuts. 1 vol. 4to. within these few weeks, been restored to A Voyage performed in the Years 1822, us. They were obtained by Mr. Tupper, 23, 24; containing an Examination of the our Consul in Spain, from a palace of the

Antarctic Sea to the 74th Degree of LatiDuke of Alva's, and are now to be seen in

tude : and a Visit to Terra del Fuego, with Mr. Bullock's Egyptian Hall. What adds a particular Account of the Inhabitants. to the value of this acquisition is, that there By James Weddell, Esq. I vol. 8vo. are two subjects more than are at Hamp

Mr. Field (late Chief Justice of New ton Court, viz. the Conversion of St. Paul,

South Wales) is about to publish a small and Christ giving the keys to St. Peter. The Collection of Geographical Papers, by vawhole are strikingly curious.

rious hands respecting that Culony.

The Natural and Artificial Wonders of NEW WORKS.

the United Kingdoms of Great Britain and In the list of works announced as at this Ireland. By the Rev. J. Goldsmith. Author time in the press, we are glad to recognize of the 6 Grammar of British GeograProgressive Lessons ; or, Harry and Lucy phy.” 3 vols. concluded, by Maria Edgeworth. Among Fire-side Scenes. By the Author of the writers of the present generation, we Bachelor and Married Man, &c. &c. 3 vols.


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THE worthy Doctor is unwearied turies ago, were excellent cooks and

in his endeavours to do good, and rigid economists. Imitating the pruproduce what may be useful to society. dent example of antiquity, thereSometimes we have doubted his means, fore, it is recommended to observe orwhile we have praised his motives; der in every thing, to calculate our net but much more frequently have had income (not the courtship net formerly the satisfaction of commending both. spoken of) and to save at least two-fifths In the present instance, we certainly of it annually. How to manage this is cannot subscribe to all the positions shown in detail

. The following ought which he has laid down; but our to suffice, for provisions, per month, differences are mere matters of taste per week:and opinion, and probably in some of “ Meat, f six pounds weight (unthe cases on which we are at issue with dressed); bread, four pounds (quarthe erudite Gastronomer, the wiser tern loaf); butter, half a pound ; tea, heads of the world will be as apt to two ounces; sugar, half a pound; beer agree with him as with his critics. (porter), one pint per day.” Beer, the But we shall see as we journey along : Doctor asserts to be much more nutri--so here goes, text and commentary! tive than any wine--a most hateful, e

The first division consists of practi- roneous, and scandalous doctrine! but cal hints to inexperienced housekeep- what can be expected when we are also ers, in the art of providing comfortably for a family ; which the facetious au

* By Dr. Kitchiner. thor (is not be, ye Benedicts, too san

| It was not to his purpose, and, therefore, our

ingeni-(not u) ous friend says nothing of the guine ?) declares will enable young la

coqui of times which do not suit bis panegyricdies to make the cage of matrimony when Plautus, for example, in his Pseudolus, as comfortable as the net of court- makes Ballio's cook very truly and characteristiship.” To effect this consommation, cally exclaim so “devoutly to be wished,” they must,

“An invenire postulas quemquam coquum,

Nisi malvinis aut aquilinis unguibus ?" he lays down, keep a ledger of their

[Can you look for a cook without the rapacious expenses; upon giving which advice,

claws of a kite or an eagle?? he digresses into the history of a cer

# The following is another of the Doctor's caltain class, and finds, from Athenæus, that Cocks were the first kings of the “ Estimate of the Annual Expenses of a Family earth ; from Filmer, that the old patri- of two, and occasionally three in the parlour, and archs were their own cooks; from Ho- two maids, and a man servant, wbo bave a dinmer, that Achilles and his fellows broil

ner-party of a dozen about once in a month, and

where there is always plenty of good provisionsed their own meat ; from their histori

but no affectation of profusion. ans, that the greatest Roman generals

“Meat, 652. ; Fish and Poultry, 251.; Bread, boiled their own turnips and other es- 181. ; Butter and Cheese, 251.; Milk, 71.; Vegetaculents for dinner; and from Records,

bles and Fruit, 201.; Tea and Sugar, 15l. ; Table happily preserved for our information,

Ale, 251.; Washing, 201. ; Crals, 801.; Candles and

Soap, 201.; Sundries and Forgets, 501.---Total that our forefathers, six and three cen

57 ATHENEUM VOL. 2, 2d series.



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assured that “if more beer is drawn too, who must have been contented, than is drunk at dinner, put a piece of had it been handed about, with three bread into it-and it will be almost as or four applications at most to the pleasant drinking at supper as if it was sandwich tray; but who played the fresh drawn.” We aver, on the con- very dickens with a fine Westphalia, trary, that it is weary, stale, flat, and and carved away at a whole tongue, (to the drinkers at least, is not to the as if it were alive, and calculated (like ecrinomical housekeeper, Junprofitable ; that of the mistress of the house) to run a very odious beverage, and no more and last for ever. to be compared with wine, than a slice As our author is rather a desultory of dead carrion with a superb rump writer, and we are following him cheek steak.*

by jowl, we pass by what is said of From beer we procerd to bread, sheeps' and bullocks' heads, and come which is not to be cut until it has been to a more generally important question baked at least twenty-four hours: for which applies to the heads of human ourselves, we love hot rolls and muf- creatures. 6 It is better to live within fins for breakfast, and have a severe your means than to make an appearantipathy to dry bread at any meal. ance beyond your fortune, either in We therefore have never looked into a dress, equipage, or entertainments." bread-pan, and take the Doctor's Plato himself never said a truer thing; aphorism, on trust, as an undeniable and the Doctor, as usual, proceeds to truth, viz. that

illustrate and counsel.

66 A dinner ta“One of the surest tokens of a good ble should not be more than three feet house-wife is the state of her bread- and a half wide, because a dinner will pan."

look handsome on that which would Comus, (of wbom we should hugely appear scanty on a board of five feet like a well-written biography) Comus in width." With this opinion we are forgive those who have thought more not disposed to quarrel seriously, for of their bread-baskets.

both sizes have their advantages — the We entirely agree with the Doctor narrow table is good because the sitin thinking it much better to cut cold ters can reach all that is on it before ham, tongue, &c. at table for luncheons them, and the broad table is good beand

suppers, than to serve them up in cause one can have sauces, glasses, &c. slices and sandwiches; but we differ with less of confusion. But the next from him in supposing this method axiom seems too niggardly and parsialso more frugal. We have seen hun- monious. gry persons, at very genteel parties " It is (says the Dr.) a good plan

always to provide for at least one * Again we must school our wort by friend in a note. Why does he depreciate wine? Wine has

more guest than you expect-especialbeen admired since it was first made (after the ly if you are not well acquainted with creation of the world.) Noah loved it; and Lot the capacity of your Visitor.-Some took (perhaps) too much, so fond was he of it:

folks want two or three times as much and these were great names of old-worthy pa

as others—for instance, our incompatrons of old wine. David, a lyrist before Ana

rable and inspired composer HANDEL creon, or Morris (the Captain,) or Moore, sang that it gladdened the heart of map :-he was a required uncommonly large and freprophet! There never was a people of the least quent supplies of food among other pretensions to common sense, or celebrity in any stories told of this great musician, it is way (to the best of our recollection,) but who

said that whenever he dined alone at a stuck to their wine. The harshest of philosophers were addicted to tippling; and (not to degene

tavern, he always ordered DINNER rate into the well-known song of “ Diogenes sur

FOR THREE'-and on receiving for anly and proud,” with which his musical pursuits swer to his question—' Is de Tinner must have made him acquainted,) we will remind retty ? As soon as the company the Doctor that Cato, the churl, who advised his

come'- He said 6 con strepito,' Den friends to kiss their wives only to smell if they had been tasting, was bimself, according to Horace, a

pring up te Tinner, "pretissimo,' I AM jolly toper :

DE GUMBANY. “Narratur ut prisci Catonis

Now even this jest cannot reconcile Sæpe mero caluisse virtus."

us to the dicta about providing for

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