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her mother's frenzied distraction en- to a man, whom the same law says is gaged the consoling influence of all to be considered innocent until concher powers; and, in adducing reason victed when she saw her father standand religion for calming her preturbed ing, as well as Lambert, within the afiliction, she imperceptibly 'mitigated iron spikes of the dock, and heard the the poignancy of her own. Grievous solemn and heavy charges read-her as the case was, it might have been eyes began to swim, her heart sank worse : her brother was dead, but within her, and some of her neighbours then her father lived. Her intended carried her into the open air. When

husband, too, was spared by Heaven; she recovered, she read, in the unwiland, though she could not tell whether lingness of all to speak, the dreadful she loved him better than her brother truth. The prisoners received from because she loved both affectionately many, among whom was the parish --yet surely she ought to be thankful priest, an excellent character; but, as that even one of them escaped with all these were obliged to acknowledge his life. Still her father and Lambert that many men of good characters were in prison, but they were inno- were frequently implicated in such lawcent; the justice of the country would, less proceedings, their testimony availin proper time, liberate them, when ed little, particularly as they had been their characters were established. apprehended with weapons wbich they

“ As the assizes approached, a great- had used against his Majesty's troops. er bustle was apparent throughout the Appeals to mercy could not be The only milch cow of the ed to, as the state of the country depoor man was driven to the fair to get manded examples of terrifying severimoney to fee a lawyer to defend his ty; for laws. must be enforced where son; and the wife, in her afflicted pov- they are not respected. erty, was preparing to sell the seed Có Two days were only given the corn and family potatoes to pay the at- prisoners to prepare for the expiation torney for attending in behalf of the required by justice ! Mary concealed father of her children. Mary's mo- from her mother the result of the trial : ther exerted all her industry to prepare she alleged protraction to satisfy her for her husband's trial. Gentlemen anxiety, and that on the morrow she within the circuit of twenty miles were was to go again. The morrow came, all supplicated by her for their inter- and Mary proceeded to Clonmel to est; but all whose name inspired her take her last look and last farewell? with some hope of future support she of all that now could make existence found were either in Dublin, London, desirable : their death she knew would or Paris.-..

terminate her mother's life, and then “ The long-wished for, but still she would be alone and friendless. dreaded, assizes came. The road to Her grief was too severe for tears; her Clonmel was thronged by the country movements were merely mechanical; people, who hastened to know the re- and when she reached the dungeon of sult of the fearful day. Among the the gaol, she scarcely knew where she most worn and dejected was Mary: was.

She threw herself on her knees she left her mother helpless, and was

to receive a father's blessing : she proceeding to witness the trial of a hung round Lambert's neck, and, unfather, to whom she could now, for the asked and unblushingly, gave his lips first time, be of little service. Her a thousand kisses. The fond embrahusband, in every thing but form, was ces and agonizing tears of her lover to be judged that day also. Alas! soon brought Mary to herself: she poor Mary apprehended the worst wept aloud; but at length submitted to

; that could happen.

the advice of the attending clergyman. “The prisoners were arraigned; and Religion may be despised by the great when Mary heard the counts recited and unthinking, but it is the only and against them, and the number of times last friend of poverty and suffering : it which the law imputes various crimes now supported those with firmness who

56 ATHENEUM VOL. 2. 2d series.

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were so soon to be rewarded for faith but, alas ! the appearance is false : deand hope.

cay begins to signify the absence of 66 The fatal knell tolled in solemn all inhabitants, and soon it must fall warning, and the victims of offended into ruins; for the superstitious credulaws made their appearance on the lity of the people induces them to think platform. Some acknowledged their that the deceased members of the famguilty folly, and warned their country- ily return from their graves every men of the danger of illegal associa- night to converse with Mary, who still ation : but Wilson and Lambert de- continues its solitary inmate. clared their innocence, inasmuch as “ Mary, in her days of happiness, they were forced to accompany those was a general favourite, and the visitawith whom they suffered to the com- tion which destroyed at once her terresmission of an unexpected offence; then trial felicity and mind was so siøgular joining in prayer which was accompa- and appalling that her fate excites uninied by Mary beneath the drop. Lan- versal sympathy. For many miles bert overheard her devotional breath- round she is visited by those wbo are ings; and, just before the fatal signal, enabled, by little presents, to contribute he ejaculated Poor Mary!' His to her comfort or mitigate the miseries last words- fixed themselves on the of her condition : to all who come she memory of the poor girl, who, after the makes presents of flowers, so innocent dead bodies were cut down, paid the and artless, sighing every moment last duties to the deceased in a kind of Poor Mary! that the words are bewildered affection. She was obsery- caught up by those whose bosoms are ed by the neighbours, who attended to alive to pity; and, as they learn the carry home the dead, to talk in a most wreck of misfortune,they generally add

, extravagant and incoherent manner; one more to the thousand testimonies but her miserable situation apologized of sympathy by writing, on the first

, for her conduct, however extraordinary substance that will retain it Poor

, it might be.

Mary! “ When Mary arrived at the glebe

“ Deluded Irishmen! study the bisanother cause of dissatisfaction mettory of this once lovely girl, and foreher: her mother had heard from a gos- go your folly by contemplating in her sip the fatal information, and immedi- the misery you have caused to thou. ately expired. Mary fell into a stupi- sands; for many of your fair daughfying trance, from which she never ters are reminded of their own suffer. wakened to recollection; all she re- ings as they feelingly repeat Poor members of the past is her lover's last Mary! words, Poor Mary!' which she re- Half a dozen of admirable illustrapeats a hundred times a day.

tions, drawn by George Cruikshank in 66 The dwelling of Wilson is yet his best manner, add much to the standing: from the road it appears the pleasure with which we have perused habitation of comfort and tranquillity; these volumes.

The squirrel that's sporting

Amid the dead leaves, Full oft with its rustle

The hunter deceives;
Who, starting, imagines

That booty is nigh,
And, swelling with pleasure,

His bosom beats high.
" Now, courage!” he mutters ; :

And, crouching below A thunder-split linden,

He waits for his foe :
“Ha! joy to the hunter !

A monstrous bear
Even now is approaching,

And bids me prepare.


“ Hark! hark! for the monarch

Of forests ere long
Will breathe out his bellow

Deep-throated and strong."
Thus saying, be gazés

Intently around;
But (death to his wishes !)

Can bear not a sound ;
Except when at moments

The wind rising shrill,
Wafts boughs from the bushes

Across the lone hill ;
Or save when the squirrel,

'Mid thicket and leaves,
Again with its rustle

The hunter deceives.

Original Anecdotes, Literary News, Chit Chat, Incidents, &c.

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DAVID BARCLAY THE QUAKER. 15350 pheasants, 1121 rabbits, 16354

David Barclay, of Mathers, in Scot- hares, 1625 she-goats, 1625 roe bucks, land, and father of the famous Robert and 12435 partridges. Barclay, served as a colonel under Francis made one, in 1755. There Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweden, were twenty-three persons in the parand when the troubles broke out in ty, three of whom were ladies; the Charles the First's time, he did not Princess Charlotte of Lorraine was remain neuter. In that fluctuating one of them. The chase lasted eighperiod he became Quaker; and when teen days, and during that time they he retired to live upon his estate, killed 47,950 head of game, and wild wished to improve his personal farm. deer; of which 19 were stags, 77 roeBut as he knew nothing of agriculture, bucks, 10 foxes, 18,242 hares, 19,545 he was obliged to trust all to his ser- partridges, 9499 pheasants, 114 larks, vants. Having discovered that he 353 quails, 454 other birds. The had an unskilful ploughman, he was Emperor fired 9798 shots, and the at much pains to recommend better Princess Charlotte 9010; in all, there methods of ploughing, from what he were 116,209 shots fired. had observed among his neighbours;

But all that we have stated comes but the fellow was obstinate, and short of the game establishment at would go on bis own way, “Thou Chantilli, the most extraordinary one knowest, friend,' said Mr. Barclay, in Europe, once belonging to the house that I feed and pay thee to do my of Condé. It included 21 miles of work in a proper manner; but thou park, and 48 miles of forest. The art wise in thine own eyes, and re- horses, when the family were at that gardest not the admonition of thy em- place, were above 500. The dogs ployer. I have hitherto spoken to. 60 to 80: the servants above 500. thee in a style thou understandest not, The stables the finest and best in Eufor, verily, thou art of a perverse spi- rope. We shall now present to the rit: I wish to correct thy errors for sporting and unsporting reader, for my own sake, and for thine, and there- both will lift up their eyes, a list of fore thus tell thee (coming over his game killed, year by year, through a head at the same time with a blow series of thirty-two years-beginning that brought him to the ground) that with the year 1748, ending with the I am thy master, and will be obeyed. year 1779 : Though the weapon was carnal, this

List of the Game. was the demonstration of power, and 54872 33055 26371 had the desired effect: the plough- 37160 50812 19774 man became tractable and quiet as a 58712 40234 19932 lamb.

39892 26267 SPORTING.

32470 25953 30429 Charles III. of Spain, a little be

39893 37209 30859 fore his death, boasted to a foreign

32470 42902 25813 ambassador that he had killed, with

16186 31620 50666 his own hand 539 wolves, and 5323

24029 25994 13304 foxes! and this he was enabled to

27013 18479 17466 tell accurately, as be kept a diary of

26405 18550 this important matter.

Now let us give (of birds and beasts) When the King of Naples (the their bill of mortality; that is, the greatest sportsman in Europe) was in numbers, in detail, of each specific Germany, about the year 1792, it was description, registered as below, and said in the German papers, that in the detailed to have been killed at Chandifferent times he had been shooting tilli, in the above-mentioned series of in Austria, Bohemia, and Moravia, he years. Hares 77750, rabbits 578470, had killed 5 bears, 1820 wild boars, partridges 117574, red ditto 12426, 1968 stags, 13 wolves, 354 foxes, pheasants 86193, quails 19696, rat



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tles (the mail quail) 449, woodcocks greatest hunter, sporter, and fisher, of 2164, snipes 2856, ducks 1553, wood- her time. She kept a dozen at least piquers 317, lapwings 720, becfique of dogs, terriers, greyhounds, and (small birds like our wheatear) 67, spaniels ; she killed more foxes in one curlews 32, oyes d'Egypte 3, oyes year than all the confederate hunts do sauvage 14, bustards 2, larks 106, in ten : rowed stoutly, and was queen tudells 2, fox 1, crapeaux 8, thrushes of the lake : fiddled excellently, and 1313, guynard 4, stags 1712, hinds knew all our old music : did not nego 1682, facons 519, does 1921, young lect the mechanic arts, for she was a does 135, roe-bucks 4669, young ditto very good joiner ; and at the age of 810, wild boars 1942, marcassins 73 was the best wrestler in the coun(young boars) 818. A magnificent try, and few young men dared to try list of animal slaughter carefully and a fall with her. Margaret was also systematically recorded as achieve a blacksmith, shoemaker, boat-builder,

, ments, In these archives it is stated, and maker of harps. She shod her with more than senatorial gravity, that own horses, made her own shoes, and

the pieces of game killed by S. A. R. built her own boats, while she was un- é Monseigneur Le Prince de Condé, der contract to convey the copperwere in number 65,524.' That “the ore down the lakes. All the neighnine pieces killed by the late Prince's bouring bards paid their addresses to grandson, the Duc D’Enghein, were Margaret, and celebrated her exploits rabbits.' That 'the pieces killed by in pure British verse. At length she the Duc de Bourbon were these; gave her hand to the most effeminate pheasants 1451, hares 1207, partridg- of her admirers, as if pre-determined es 1254, red ditto 143;' and by Č. to maintain the superiority which naD'Artois, these; pheasants 978, ture had bestowed on her! hares 870, partridges 1105, red ditto 115.'

THE NEW STOMACH PUMP. The ruling passion is the same It is gratifying to witness the success

The following curious of any new invention for the preservaobservation occurs in a treatise on tion of human life. A surgeon of hunting. “I once had the pleasure Shrewsbury has employed the new of a long conversation with a very stomach pump in extracting some oxingenious gentleman then seventy alic acid from the stomach of a young years old. Having himself hunted woman, who, in a fit of insanity, had with all sorts of dogs, and in most taken a dose of this violent poison. counties of England, he entertained Why is oxalic acid allowed to be comme with a most delightful discourse monly sold by druggists? It is of no on that subject; and

on my making utility in medicine, and is so very easihim a compliment on his perfectly mistaken for Epsom salts. An orknowledge of the art; "Oh! Sir, der from the Apothecaries' Company (says he) the life of man is too short.' would probably be sufficient to prevent And


of our first-rate these fatal results.
sportsmen may be compared to AC-
tæon, who was devoured by his dogs;

FEMALE PROTECTION SOCIETY. so they, ruined by their hounds and hunters. Sir Isaac Newton wished to few other ladies, have formed a society

The benevolent Mrs. Fry, and a know why sportsmen should not be to afford temporary relief to females excluded from Juries, like butchers ?” of good character, who may be desti

Let us now present the reader with tute of employment. It more especialthe portrait of a sporting female, de- ly offers protection to young women scribed by Mr. Pennant, Margaret in the following situations of life, who Uch Evan, of Penllyn, in the neigh- are capable of maintaining themselves, bourhood of Snowdon, in Wales. if employed :-Shop-women, teachers “ She is at this time (says Mr. Pen- in schools, house-keepers, ladies' maids, nant, 1786) about 90 years of age. and servants generally of unimpeachaThis extraordinary female was the ble character, if out of place. When

every where.




it is considered that the first step to- establiished at Thornbury, where genwards depravity, in the majority of tlemen of that profession met each the unfortunate females who frequent other, and communicated any fact or our streets, is usually the want of en- observation that had occurred in the ployment, and its concomitant, pecuni- course of their practice ;-at one of ary distress, the value of such an insti- these meetings, Mr. Fewster mentiontụtion as this must be obvious. It is ed to the members present, that the indeed greatly to be regretted, that, in hands of those persons who were emthe metropolis especially, so many ployed in milking the cows in that thousands of females should be displac- great dairy neighbourhood contracted ed from their proper stations by a class a complaint from the animal, appearof effeminate young men, serving in ing in the form of pustules ; and that shops of various descriptions.

persons so affected were not liable to the contagion of the small pox. Mr.

Jenner, of Berkley, a brother Æscula. The red cabbage stewed in veal pius, being struck with the relation, broth is accounted upon the continent requested Mr. F. to investigate thi a specific cure against pulmonary con- rious fact more narrowly. by a course of plaints, and what is here called con- experiments ; this Mr. F. declined on sumption. For this purpose red cab- account of professional occupations, bage is especially cultivated in French but pressed Mr. Jenner to do so. Forkitchen gardens; to which, in the tunately for mankind, the advice was cooking, pistachios and calf's lights not neglected; and, from the skill and are added. This reminds us of an perseverance of this gentleman (afteranecdote which passed current at the wards Dr. Jenner) the blessings of the time we heard it. A young Roman vaccine virus were distributed through Catholic clergyman, rector of a coun- the earth. try parish, was called upon to preach a sermon opon a grand solemnity, at Dr. Willis mentions an idiot, who which the bishop of the diocese, a car- was accustomed to repeat the strokes dinal, appeared in the Roman purple, of a clock near which he lived, with surrounded by the clergy in their white a loud voice. Afterwards having been surplices. The preacher performed removed into a parish where there his task to the approbation of every was no church clock, he continued as

After the ceremony, his emi. before to call the hours successively; nence, meeting hini, seemed to wonder and this with so great accuracy, both at his not having been abashed when as to the number of tolls, which he in the presence of a cardinal in the pretended to count, and as to the full blaze of his red paraphernalia. length of the intervening hours, that

The simple and honest clergyman re- the family where he boarded conductplied : Your eminence will cease to ed all their business by his proclamawonder, when you know that I learnt tion of time. my discourse by heart in my garden, INVENTIONS. THE TELESCOPE. and used to practise declamation be- In or about the year 1590, was the fore a plot of white cabbages, in the invention of the telescope, or spyingcenter of which was a red one.'-A glass, discovered, being justly esteempreferment was the reward of this ed one of the most useful and excelwitty answer.

lent discoveries of modern times ;

though it was, it seems, produced by JOHN FEWSTER.

mere chance. The common account April 1824. John Fewster died, a is, that two children of one Janseen, very respectable surgeon and apothe- a spectacle-maker of Middleburg, in cary at Thornbury. This gentleman Zealand, being at play in their father's is universally considered, in that neigh- shop, and looking through two pieces bourhood, as the first person who no- of glass between their fingers, which ticed the effects of the vaccine virus. were at some small distance from Many years past, a medical club was each other, the weather-cock of the


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