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asked him if he would stay all night; up any man who had served his aphe answered, Just as it falls : mean- prenticeship in that town, on condition ing, if the drop fell among the meat that he should produce a certificate of he would be off;. if it fell by, he his honesty, properly authenticated.

The bequest, it is said, has not yet

been claimed; and it is a common AS FINE AS CREDITON SPINNING." Devonshire proverb.

water joke to ask the crew of a Poole As a proof of the fineness of Credi

ship; Whether any one has yet re

ceived the five pounds ?' ton spinning, it is related that one hundred and forty threads of woollen 6 JOHN O'GROAT'S HOUSE." yarn, spun in that town, were drawn

Every one is familiar with the name and together through the eye of a tailor's situation of this celebrated building, but few needle; which needle and threads Southrens are acquainted with its origin. were to be seen for many years in Its history is interesting :

" John O'Groat's House is a memorable Watling-street, London, in the shop place, in the parish of Canisbay, in Caithof one Dunscombe, at the sign of the ness, in Scotland, which, perhaps, owes its Golden Bottle. The discoveries, how- fame less to the circumstances of its local ever, of Watt and Arkwright, have situation, at the northern extremity of the enabled the manufacturers of the pres- be improper to relate, as it inculcates an

island, than to an event which it may not ent day far to excel ancient Crediton useful lesson of morality. In the reign of in the fineness of spinning.

James IV. of Scotland, three brothers,

Malcolm, Gavin, and John de Groat, sup“ He that gives his goods before he be dead, posed to have been originally from Hol. Take up a mallet and knock bim on the head." land, arrived in Caithness, with a letter ...Taken from the history of one

from that Prince, recommending them to John Bell, who, having given all his ing subjects in the county of Caithness.

the countenance and protection of his lov. substance to his children, was by them These brothers purchased some land near neglected: after he died there was Dungisbayhead, and in a short time, by the found a mallet with this inscription :

increase of their families, eight different

proprietors of the name of Groat possessed 1, John Bell, leaves here a mell, the man to fell,

these lands in equal divisions. These eight Who gives all to his bairns, and keeps nothing to families have lived peaceably and comfor.

tably for a number of years, established an A WELCH BAIT.”-Welch.

annual meeting to celebrate the anniverA short stop, but no refreshment. sary of the arrival of their ancestors on the Such baits are frequently given by the coast. In the course of the festivity on one natives of the principality to their kef- specting the right of taking the door, the

of these occasions, a question arose re. fels, or horses, particularly after climb- head of the table, and such points of preceing a hill.

dency, each contending for the seniority A KENT-STREET DISTRESS."-Surrey. a degree as would probably have proved

and chieftainship, which increased to such A mode of distress formerly practis- fatal in its consequences, had not John de ed on the poor inhabitants of Kent. Groat, who appears to have acquired great street ; on non-payment, the rent col- knowledge of mankind, interfered. He exlectors took away the doors of the de- fore enjoyed, owing to the harmony which

patiated on the comfort they had heretofaulters.

had subsisted among them; he assured

them that as soon as they appeared to HE MAY REMOVE MORT-STONE."

quarrel, their neighbours, who had till

Devonshire. then treated them with respect, would fall A saying of one who is master of upon them, and expel them the country. his wife. Mort stone is a hugh rock He therefore earnestly requested them, by that blocks

the ties of blood and their mutual safety, to up the entrance into Mort's

return quietly to their several homes, and Bay in this county, which, it is fabled pledged himself that he would satisfy them cannot be removed but by a man on all points of precedency, and prevent thoroughly master of his wife.

the possibility of such disputes at their future anniversary meetings; they all acqui.

€$ced, and departed in peace. In due time POUNDS ?”-Dorsetshire. John'de Groat, to fulfil his engagement, A gibe at Poolites. A rich mer

built a room distinct from all other houses, chant of Poole is said to have left five having placed å table of oak of the same

in an octagon figure, with eight doors, and pounds, to be given every year, to set shape in the middle; when the next meet

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WHEN DO YOU FETCH TAE FIVE

ing took place, he desired each of them to duced the commanding officer to report enter by his own door, and to sit at the him for an officer's commission; for he head of the table, he himself occupying the was one of the party of thirty, who, on that last. By this ingenious' contrivance, the occasion, volunteered to storm a battery, harmony and good humour of the compa- and the only one of the party who survived ny was restored. The building was then (but not unwounded) the capture of it. named John O'Groat's House ; and though His death was preinature, at the age of 42. nothing remains but the foundation of the

A VIRTUOSO. building, the place still retains the name, At Inspruck is to be seen a boot, which it and deserves to be remembered for the is said belonged to CHARLES XII. The intentions and good sense which gave it boot is the property of an Exciseman, origin.

who conceives it to be of the greatest valne. JEMMY DAWSON."

An Englishman offered to fill it with guinShenstone's pathetic and affecting ballad ens to become its possessor. He then had he of Jemmy Dawson is founded in truth, and said the babouches of Mahomet II. the was taken from a narrative first published sandals ofCARACALLA, the slippers of Charles in The Parrot of the 2nd of August 1740, IX. and the boot straps of CROMWELL. three days after the transaction it records.

CONJUGAL AFFECTION. It is given in the form of a letter, and it is

Some time ago a poor woman labouring as follows: “ A young lady of a good family and self in her own house.

under temporary derangement, hung her

As soon as her hus. handsome fortune had for some time extremely loved, and was equally beloved by in search of a medical man, leaving his un.

band was aware of her situation, he set off Mr. James Dawson, one of those unhappy fortunate wife suspended by the neck, and gentlemen who suffered on Wednesday last, giving strict injunctions that she should not at Kensington Common, for high treason; be meddled with till he returned. A numand had he either been acquitted, or have ber of persons collected in consequence of found the Royal mercy after condemnation, the day of his enlargement was to have had tasted the "barley-bree,” who bawled

the alarm, among whom was a man who been that of their marriage. " I will not prolong the narrative by any down." When several females immediate

out "Why don't you cut the woman repetition of what she suffered on sentence ly replied—“Ye drunken brate, wou'd you being passed on him; none, excepting those put à finger on her, when her gude man's utterly incapable of feeling any soft or gen- awa' for å doctor.” They nevertheless cut erous emotions, but may easily conceive her her down, but too late to save her life. agonies; heside, the sad catastrophe will be sufficient to convince you of their sincerity.

APPALLING ACCIDENT. “ Not all the persuasions of her kindred

On Tuesday se'night, Mr. Ross, a recould prevent her from going to the place spectable

farıner, residing at Waterfowl, in of execution; she was determined to see

Bræmar, accompanied by a gentleman from the last of a person so dear to her, and ac

Aberdeen and a guide, mounted to the cordingly followed the sledges in a hackney. summit of Lochnager, to enjoy the view coach, accompanied by a gentleman nearly from that stupendous height. The party related to her, and one female friend. She had begun to descend, when Mr. Ross regot near enough to see the fire kindled quested one of them to hold his pony, while which was to consume the heart she knew

he returned to survey a particular spot overwas so much devoted to her, and all the looking Lochgar. After waiting for some other dreadful preparations for his fate, time, the gentlemen became alarmed ; and without betraying any of those emotions

on going back they discovered, dreadful to ber friends apprehended; but when all was

relate, that he had fallen from the cliff, over, and that she found he was no moreular height. It appeared that, in falling,

which was here above 300 feet perpendicshe threw her head back into the coach, and ejaculating, "My dear, I follow thee? he had struck against a projecting part of I follow thee ! Lord Jesus! receive both the rock, about fifty yards from the top, a our souls together,' fell upon the neck of part of his skull being found there ; and it her companion, and expired the very mo

was with difficulty his mangled remains ment she had done speaking.

could be gathered together at the bottom of “ The excessive grief which the force of the cliff

. It is impossible to say how the ber resolution had kept smothered within lamentable accident happened; but it is her breast, is thought to have put a stop to supposed that a stone had tripped his foot the vital notion, and suffocated at once all in going round the edge of the precipice, the animal spirits.”

which at the part where he fell, branches

off from the usual track taken by travellers. LIEUT. JOSEPH FRASER. Died at Edinburgh, lately, Lieut. Fraser, A CLUB OF WATER DRINKERS. of the 87th regiment of foot. Lieut. Fra. In a small town in Lancashire a Society ser entered at the youthful age of sixteen. has been established whose tenets are of a He passed with approbation through the singularly primitive character. The party grades from private to officer in the short consists of eight or ten members, all well space of eight years. His signal bravery acquainted with each other, all of whom are at the taking of the Cape of Goog! Hope in- excellently initiated in the art of smoking.

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It is a law with them as sacred as those of over the adjoining heights, to his proper the Medes and Persians, to allow no fluid to abode ; and my brother, added he, is now assist in their festive rites but the pure drink watching at the bed side of the defunct, of nature, and it is really a most amusing lest Satan return by stealth and enter him spectacle to behold these sober worthies again. The clergyman, notwithstanding passing away the afternoon of each day in every effort made to get into the house, the occupation of smoking round an old believing the man to be, as he really was, oak table, the chief duty of which is to sus- still alive, was compelled to give up the attain a huge pitcher of water whence they tempt, and next day, before he returned all indulge by turns in copious libations, the poor man had actually expired. with the same apparent satisfaction, that

ON WEARING FLANNEL. we are in the habit of seeing result from a For more than twenty years the language similar vessel of good home-brewed ale. of the prophet (Ezekiel, xliv.) has occaJACK ASHORE.

sionally engrossed my attention upon this On Tuesday last, as a party of seamen subject. The prohibition is thus worded : belonging to His Majesty's ship Salisbury, * They shall not gird themselves with just arrived from the Halifax station, were

wool that causeth sweat." Although Paleswalking up Point-street, Portsmouth, rather time and Babylon are regions many degrees elated with a heavy wet, a bull, which had es- nearer the equinoctial line than Britannia caped from the King's slaughter-house Magna, I think we need not restrict the came running towards the jolly Tars, with precept to those limits. What everybody his tail erect in the air, when all the men says must be true, The universal rage for jumped out of his way except one, and he wearing flannel next the skin made me try being an immense sturdy fellow, stood in it; for who would be singular at the exthe street directly in the way of the bull, pense of his health ? I do not know what and hailed him in the following words - I might wear in the Arctic regions ; but in 64 Bull, ahoy! Bull, ahoy! I cry: Drop my routine of practice, I have observed your peak, and put your helm a starboard, that those who continue the use of flannel or you'll run aboard of ire." The bull con. in immediate contact with the skin, are tinuing his course, came in contact with more susceptible of catarrh and quinsey Jack, and capsized him : but Jack not be than others. I have so long noticed the ing intimidated, sprung from the ground, fact, that with me it admits of no doubt. and shaking his clothes, very good-natured. Ten years ago, I was called in to Mr. ly observed to the bull, “ Oh you lubberly D, of Aldgate, to pass an opinion upon beast, I told you how it would be.”

a very disagreeable and troublesome erupNEW RELIGIOUS SECT.

tion. Upon inspecting the eruption, About the village of Millbrook, a consi- which covered the whole body and chest, i derable sect, named Bryaniles, has lately observed that he was encased with an arsprung up, whose teachers claim not only mour of flannel, steeped with inspissated the power of casting out devils, but pretend perspiration. My olfactory nerves to possess a still more dangerous power

saluted by the fætid exhalations, which the power of seeiug into the future world, bad no means of escape. I exclaimed, and ascertaining the lot of the inmates

“My good Sir, I would not submit to such thereof. In the application of this power, purgatory for all the Cardinals in Italy : they of course see all those who think as

all this self-procured ; get into the hot they think in Paradise, while all those who bath, and put on a new Aannel waistcoat do not belong to their persuasion, or who

over your linen.” My patient was shortly leave their association, are seen amidst well and often thanks me for my advice. hell torments ; by which means the simple

LITERARY NOVELTIES. are gained and the doubting alarıned and Colonel Leicester Stanhope is, we hear, hound to their creed. Some distressing in preparing a publication on the actual state stances of the effect of these anathemas of Greece in 1823-4. have occurred. In the midst of their re- Mr. Soane is employed upon a History Jigious meetings they are caught in tran- of Art, and Biography of its Professors. ces, when males and females are all hud. “ Tales of Irish Life" will, we are assurdled together and thrown into a dark cel- ed, appear on the first of November, with lar, where the remain till a spirit moves illustrations, by Mr. George Cruikshank, them. One of the fraternity having fallen engraved by Messrs Thompson, Hughes and dangerously ill, his wife, not one of them, Bonner, in their best style. sent for the clergyman of the parish to A small volume entitled " Suicide and read prayers for the sick by him. This the its Antidotes,” by the Rev. Solomon Pigclergyman went readily to perform ; but gott, Rector of Dunstable, and author of upon his arrival, bis entrance was opposed various works, will soon appear. by a man decent in his appearance, judging Mr. Dupin says, the number of our har. from his dress, who assured him that he bours, docks, piers, and lighthouses, extend was too late ; that all was over, and the over more than 600 leagues of coast ; our devil dislodged from the sick man. I saw canals in length 1000 leagues ; our roads him (the devil) myself, said the Bryanite 46,000 leagues; and that even the pipes for pastor, come out of the man, pass through conveying gas and water through the this window, fly over the house, and next streets of London reach to 400 leagues.

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Dear Sir, The following article on the personal character of Lord Byron, will be read, I think, with peculiar interest, as your readers will immediately perceive that it is written by one who has had unusual opportunities of observing the extraordinary habits, feelings, and opinions of the inspired and noble Poet. I am quite sure that, after a perusal of the following paper, the reader will be able to see Lord Byron, mind and all, “ in his babit as he lived :"-Much that has hitherto been accounted inexplicable in his Lordship's life and writings is now interpreted, and the poet and the man are here depicted in their true colours. I can pledge myself to the strict correctness of its details. I am, dear sir, &c.

LORD BYRON’S address was the eler, and generally chose his compan

most affable and courteous perhaps ions among the lovers and practisers of ever seen ; his manners, when in a sincerity and candour. A man tells good humour, and desirous of being the false and conceals the true, because well with his guest, were winning-fas- he is afraid that the declaration of the cinating in the extreme, and though thing, as it is, will hurt him. Lord bland, still spirited, and with an air of Byron was above all fear of this sort ; frankness and generosity-qualities in he flinched from telling no one what he which he was certainly not deficient. thought to his face; from his infancy He was open to a fault-a characteris. he had been afraid of no one: falsetic probably the result of his fearless- hood is not the vice of the powerful; ness and independence of the world; the Greek slave lies, the Turkish tybut so open was he that his friends rant is remarkable for his adherence to were obliged to live upon their guard truth. with bim. He was the worst person Lord Byron was irritable (as I have in the world to confide a secret to; said), irritable in the extreme; and and if any charge against any body this is another fault of those who have was mentioned to him, it was proba- been accustomed to the unmurmuring bly the first communication he made obedience of obsequious attendants. to the person in question. He hated if he had lived at home, and held unscandal

' and tittle-tattle--loved the disputed sway over hired servants, led manly straightforward course : he captains, servile apothecaries, and wilwould harbour no doubts, and never ling county magistrates, probably he live with another with suspicions in might have passed through life with an his bosom-out came the accusation, unruffled temper, or at least his escaand he called upon the individual to pades of temper would never have been stand clear, or be ashamed of himself. heard of; bat he spent his time in adHe detested a lie-nothing enraged venture and travel, amongst friends, him so much as a lie : he was by tem- rivals, and foreigners; and, doubtless, perament and education excessively ir- he had often reason to find that his earritable, and a lie completely unchained ly life had unfitted him for dealing him_his indignation knew no bounds. with men on an equal footing, or for He had considerable tact in detecting submitting to untoward accidents with untruth, he would smell it out almost patience. instinctively; he avoided the timid driv- His vanity was excessive-unless it

32 ATHENEUM VOL. 2. 2d series.

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may with greater propriety be called Don Juan, or for vices either practised by a softer name---a milder term, and or suspected, the public had morally perhaps a juster, would be his love of outlawed him. This was one of the fame. He was exorbitantly desirous determining causes which led him to of being the sole object of interest : Greece, that he might retrieve himself. whether in the circle in which he was He thought that his name coupled living, or in the wider sphere of the with the Greek cause would sound world, he could bear no rival ; he well at home. When he arrived at could not tolerate the person who at- Cephalonia, and found that he was in tracted attention from himself; he in- good odour with the authorities,—that stantly became animated with a bitter the regiment stationed there, and other jealousy, and hated, for the time, every English residents in the island, receive greater or more celebrated man than ed him with the highest consideration, himself: he carried his jealousy up he was gratified to a most extravagant even to Buonaparte; and it was the pitch; he talked of it to the last with secret of his contempt of Wellington. a perseverance and in a manner which It was dangerous for his friends to rise showed how anxious his fears had in the world if they valued his friend- been that he was lost with the Engship more than their own fame-he lish people. hated them.

They who have not resided abroad It cannot be said that he was vain are very little aware how difficult it of any talent, accomplishment, or is to keep up with the state of public other quality in particular; it was nei- opinion at home. Letters and newsther more por less than a morbid and papers, which are rarely seen even by voracious appetite for fame, admira- the richer traveller on account of the tion, public applause : proportionably immense expense of their transmishe dreaded the public censure; and sion, scarcely do anything more than though from irritation and spite, and tantalize the spirit, or administer food sometimes through design, he acted in to the imagination. We gather the some respects as if he despised the state of public opinion by ten thousand opinion of the world, no man was ever little circumstances which cannot, or more alive to it.

only a few of which can, be commuThe English newspapers talked nicated through any other channel of freely of him; and he thought the information. While on the spot, abEnglish public did the same; and for sence of calumny, or the fact of not this reason he feared, or hated, or fan- hearing any thing disagreeable, is a cied that he hated England : in fact, proof of its non-existence; abroad, on as far as this one cause went, he did the contrary, silence is ominous ; the hate England, but the balance of love fancy is at work, and torments a senin its favour was immense; all his sitive man, whose reputation is public views were directed to England; he property, in a manner of which it is never rode a mile, wrote a line, or held difficult to form an adequate concepa conversation, in which England and tion: an approach is made to it by the English public were not the goal to wilful seclusion even within the four which he was looking, whatever scorn seas; hence the irritability of Wordshe might have on his tongue.

worth; hence also, in a less degree, Before he went to Greece, he ima- that of Southey, who mixes a little gined thet he had grown very unpo- more with the world. pular, and even infamous, in England; Lord Byron cannot be said to have when he left Murray, engaged in the been personally vain in any extraordiLiberal, which was unsuccessful, pub- nary degree, that is, not much more lished with the Hunts, he fancied, and than men usually are. He knew the doubtless was told so, by some of his power of his countenance, and he aristocratic friends, that he had become took care that it should always be dislow, that the better English thought played to the greatest advantage. He him out of fashion and voted him vul- never failed to appear remarkable : gar ; and that for the licentiousness of and no person, whether from the

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